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-- DTS for gpio wakeup   // SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0+ OR MIT) /*  * Copyright 2022 NXP  */   #include "imx93-11x11-evk.dts"   / {         gpio-keys {                 compatible = "gpio-keys";                 pinctrl-names = "default";                 pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_gpio_keys>;                   power {                   label = "GPIO Key Power";                   linux,code = <KEY_POWER>;                   gpios = <&gpio2 7 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;                   wakeup-source;                   debounce-interval = <20>;                   interrupt-parent = <&gpio2>;                   interrupts = <7 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_LOW>;                 };         }; };   &iomuxc {         pinctrl_gpio_keys: gpio_keys_grp {                 fsl,pins = <                         MX93_PAD_GPIO_IO07__GPIO2_IO07  0x31e                 >;         }; }; -- testing the switch GPIO  First check if your gpio dts configuration to make it act as a switch works or not After executing the command - 'evtest /dev/input/event1' Trigger an interrupt by connecting GPIO2 7 to GND, as soon as you do that, you will receive Event logs such as below:- This shows that your dts configuration for GPIO works.     -- Verify the interrupt         -- Go to sleep and then connect the GPIO to GND to trigger a wakeup, in the logs we see that kernel exits the suspend mode    
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P3T1755DP is a ±0.5°C accurate temperature-to-digital converter with a -40 °C to +125 °C range. It uses an on-chip band gap temperature sensor and an A-to-D conversion technique with overtemperature detection. The temperature register always stores a 12-bit two's complement data, giving a temperature resolution of 0.0625 °C P3T1755DP which can be configured for different operation conditions: continuous conversion, one-shot mode, or shutdown mode.   The device has very good features but, unfortunately, is not supported by Linux yet!   The P31755 works very similarly to LM75, pct2075, and other compatibles.   We can add support to P3T1755 in the LM75.c program due to the process to communicate with the device is the same as LM75 and equivalents.   https://github.com/nxp-imx/linux-imx/blob/lf-6.1.55-2.2.0/drivers/hwmon/lm75.c route: drivers/hwmon/lm75.c   The modifications that we have to do are the next:    1. We have to add the configurations to the kernel on the imx_v8_defconfig file CONFIG_SENSORS_ARM_SCMI=y CONFIG_SENSORS_ARM_SCPI=y CONFIG_SENSORS_FP9931=y +CONFIG_SENSORS_LM75=m +CONFIG_HWMON=y +CONFIG_I2C=y +CONFIG_REGMAP_I2C=y CONFIG_SENSORS_LM90=m CONFIG_SENSORS_PWM_FAN=m CONFIG_SENSORS_SL28CPLD=m    2. Add the part on the list of parts compatible with the driver LM75.c enum lm75_type { /* keep sorted in alphabetical order */ max6626, max31725, mcp980x, + p3t1755, pct2075, stds75, stlm75,   3. Add the configuration in the structure lm75_params device_params[]. .default_resolution = 9, .default_sample_time = MSEC_PER_SEC / 18, }, + [p3t1755] = { + .default_resolution = 12, + .default_sample_time = MSEC_PER_SEC / 10, + }, [pct2075] = { .default_resolution = 11, .default_sample_time = MSEC_PER_SEC / 10,   Notes: You can change the configuration of the device using .set_mask and .clear_mask, see more details on LM75.c lines 57 to 78   4. Add the ID to the list in the structure i2c_device_id lm75_ids and of_device_id __maybe_unused lm75_of_match    { "max31725", max31725, }, { "max31726", max31725, }, { "mcp980x", mcp980x, }, + { "p3t1755", p3t1755, }, { "pct2075", pct2075, }, { "stds75", stds75, }, { "stlm75", stlm75, },   + { + .compatible = "nxp,p3t1755", + .data = (void *)p3t1755 + },   5. In addition to all modifications, I modify the device tree of my iMX8MP-EVK to connect the Sensor in I2C3 of the board.  https://github.com/nxp-imx/linux-imx/blob/lf-6.1.55-2.2.0/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mp-evk.dts   }; }; + + p3t1755: p3t1755@48 { + compatible = "nxp,p3t1755"; + reg = <0x48>; + }; + };   Connections: We will use the expansion connector of the iMX8MP-EVK and J9 of the P3T1755DP-ARD board.   P3T1755DP-ARD board   iMX8MP-EVK   P3T1755DP-ARD ----> iMX8MP-EVK J9              ---------->            J21 +3v3 (Pin 9) ---> +3v3 (Pin 1) GND(Pin 7) ---> GND (PIN 9) SCL (Pin 4) ---> SCL (Pin 5) SDA (Pin 3) ---> SDA (Pin 3)     Reading the Sensor We can read the sensor using the next commands:   Read Temperature: $ cat /sys/class/hwmon/hwmon1/temp1_input Reading maximum temperature: $ cat /sys/class/hwmon/hwmon1/temp1_max Reading hysteresis: $ cat /sys/class/hwmon/hwmon1/temp1_max_hyst   https://www.nxp.com/design/design-center/development-boards-and-designs/analog-toolbox/arduino-shields-solutions/p3t1755dp-arduino-shield-evaluation-board:P3T1755DP-ARD    
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    The meta layer is designed for those guys who want to use i.MX8M series SOC and Yocto system to develop AGV and Robot.    The platform includes some key components: 1, ROS1 (kinetic, melodic) and ROS2(dashing, eloquent, foxy) 2, Real-time Linux solution : Xenomai 3.1 with ipipe 5.4.47 patch 3, Industrial protocol : libmodbus, linuxptp, ros-canopen, EtherCAT(TBD) 4, Security: Enhanced OpenSSL, Enhanced GmSSL, Enhanced eCryptfs, secure key store, secure boot(TBD), SE-Linux(TBD),  Dm-verity(TBD) The first release bases on i.MX Yocto release L5.4.47 2.2.0 and You need download Linux 5.4.47_2.2.0 according to​​ https://www.nxp.com/docs/en/user-guide/IMX_YOCTO_PROJECT_USERS_GUIDE.pdf  firstly. And then you can follow the below guide to build and test ROS and Xenomai. A, clone meta-robot-platform from gitee.com git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v0.1-L5.4.47-2.2.0 B, Adding the meta-robot-platform layer to your build 1,  copy meta-robot-platform into <i.MX Yocto folder>/source 2, You should create a symbol link: setup-imx-robot.sh -> sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-robot/tools/setup-imx-robot.sh C, How to build Robot image (example for i.MX8MQ EVK board) $ DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mqevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r kinetic -b imx8mqevk-robot-kinetic [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mqevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r melodic -b imx8mqevk-robot-melodic ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mqevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r dashing -b imx8mqevk-robot-dashing ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mqevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r eloquent -b imx8mqevk-robot-eloquent ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mqevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r foxy -b imx8mqevk-robot-foxy ] $ bitbake imx-robot-core [or bitbake imx-robot-system ] [or bitbake imx-robot-sdk ] And if you add XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" in local.conf, you also can build real-time image with Xenomai by the below command: $ bitbake imx-robot-core-rt [or bitbake imx-robot-system-rt ] D, Robot image sanity testing //ROS1 Sanity Test #source /opt/ros/kinetic/setup.sh [or # source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.sh ] #echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH #roscore & #rosnode list #rostopic list #only kinetic #rosmsg list #rosnode info /rosout //ROS2 Sanity Test #source ros_setup.sh #echo $LD_LIBRARY_PATH #ros2 topic list #ros2 msg list #only dashing #ros2 interface list #(sleep 5; ros2 topic pub /chatter std_msgs/String "data: Hello world") & #ros2 topic echo /chatter E, Xenomai sanity testing #/usr/xenomai/demo/cyclictest -p 50 -t 5 -m -n -i 1000 F, vSLAM demo You can find orb-slam2 demo under <i.MX Yocto folder>/sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-robot/recipes-demo/orb-slam2. You should choose DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland due to it depends on OpenCV with gtk+.   //////////////////////////////////////// update for Yocto L5.4.70 2.3.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v0.2-L5.4.70-2.3.0 for Yocto release L5.4.70 2.3.0 and it supports i.MX8M series (8MQ,8MM,8MN and 8MP) and i.MX8QM/QXP.  git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v0.2-L5.4.70-2.3.0 Updating: 1, Support i.MX8QM and i.MX8QXP 2, Add ROS driver of RPLIDAR and Orbbec 3D cameras in ROS1 3, Upgrade OpenCV to 3.4.13. 4, Add imx-robot-agv image with orb-slam2 demo 5, Fix the issue which failed to create image when adding orb-slam2 6, Fix the issue which failed to create imx-robot sdk image when add package ISP and ML Note: Currently, orb-slam2 demo don't run on i.MX8MM platform due to its GPU don't support OpenGL ES3. imx-robot-sdk image is just for building ROS package on i.MX board, not  for cross-compile. You can try "bitbake imx-robot-system -c populate_sdk" to create cross-compile sdk without gmssl-bin. diff --git a/imx/meta-robot/recipes-core/images/imx-robot-system.bb b/imx/meta-robot/recipes-core/images/imx-robot-system.bb index 1991ab10..68f9ad31 100644 --- a/imx/meta-robot/recipes-core/images/imx-robot-system.bb +++ b/imx/meta-robot/recipes-core/images/imx-robot-system.bb @@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ CORE_IMAGE_EXTRA_INSTALL += " \ ${@bb.utils.contains('DISTRO_FEATURES', 'x11 wayland', 'weston-xwayland xterm', '', d)} \ ${ISP_PKGS} \ " -IMAGE_INSTALL += " clblast openblas libeigen opencv gmssl-bin" +IMAGE_INSTALL += " clblast openblas libeigen opencv" IMAGE_INSTALL += " \ ${ML_PKGS} \   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.4.70 2.3.2  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v0.3-L5.4.70-2.3.2 for Yocto release L5.4.70 2.3.2 .  git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v0.3-L5.4.70-2.3.2 Updated: 1, Upgrade to L5.4.70-2.3.2 2, Enable xenomai rtdm driver 3, Add NXP Software Content Register and BSP patches of i.MX8M Plus AI Robot board. Note: How to build for AI Robot board 1, DISTRO=imx-robot-wayland MACHINE=imx8mp-ddr4-ipc source setup-imx-robot.sh -r melodic -b imx8mp-ddr4-ipc-robot-melodic 2, Add BBLAYERS += " ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-imx8mp-ai-robot " in bblayers.conf 3, bitbake imx-robot-sdk or bitbake imx-robot-agv   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v1.0-L5.4.70-2.3.2  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v1.0-L5.4.70-2.3.2 .  git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v1.0-L5.4.70-2.3.2 Updated: 1, Upgrade ROS1 Kinetic Kame to Release 2021-05-11 which is final sync. 2, Add IgH EtherCAT Master for Linux in i.MX Robot platform. //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v1.1-L5.4.70-2.3.2  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v1.1-L5.4.70-2.3.2 .  git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v1.1-L5.4.70-2.3.2 Updated: 1, Add more packages passed building in ROS1 Kinetic Kame. 2, Change the board name (From IPC to AI-Robot) in Uboot and kernel for i.MX8M Plus AI Robot board. You can use the below setup command to build ROS image for AI Robot board: DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mp-ai-robot source setup-imx-robot.sh -r kinetic -b imx8mp-ai-robot-robot-kinetic DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mp-ai-robot source setup-imx-robot.sh -r melodic -b imx8mp-ai-robot-robot-melodic DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mp-ai-robot source setup-imx-robot.sh -r dashing -b imx8mp-ai-robot-robot-dashing DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mp-ai-robot source setup-imx-robot.sh -r eloquent -b imx8mp-ai-robot-robot-eloquent DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mp-ai-robot source setup-imx-robot.sh -r foxy -b imx8mp-ai-robot-robot-foxy BTW, you should add BBLAYERS += " ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-imx8mp-ai-robot " in conf/bblayers.conf.   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v1.2-L5.4.70-2.3.3  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v1.2-L5.4.70-2.3.3 .  git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v1.2-L5.4.70-2.3.3 Updated: 1, Update to Yocto release L5.4.70-2.3.3 2, Enable RTNet FEC driver, test on i.MX8M Mini EVK and i.MX8M Plus EVK. For the detailed information,  Please refer to the community post 移植实时Linux方案Xenomai到i.MX ARM64平台 (Enable Xenomai on i.MX ARM64 Platform)    //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v2.1-L5.10.52-2.1.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v2.1-L5.10.52-2.1.0 .  git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v2.1.1-L5.10.52-2.1.0 Updated: 1, Update to Yocto release L5.10.52-2.1.0 2, Add ROS1 noetic, ROS2 galactic and rolling 3, Upgrade Xenomai to v3.2 4, Add vSLAM demo orb-slam3 5, Upgrade OpenCV to 3.4.15 for ROS1 A, Adding the meta-robot-platform layer to your build 1,  copy meta-robot-platform into <i.MX Yocto folder>/source 2, You should create a symbol link: setup-imx-robot.sh -> sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-robot/tools/setup-imx-robot.sh B, How to build Robot image (example for i.MX8M Plus EVK board) $ DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r kinetic -b imx8mpevk-robot-kinetic [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r melodic -b imx8mpevk-robot-melodic ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r noetic-b imx8mpevk-robot-noetic] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r dashing -b imx8mpevk-robot-dashing ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r eloquent -b imx8mpevk-robot-eloquent ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r foxy -b imx8mpevk-robot-foxy ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r galactic -b imx8mpevk-robot-galactic ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r rolling -b imx8mpevk-robot-rolling ] $ bitbake imx-robot-agv [or bitbake imx-robot-core ] [or bitbake imx-robot-system ] [or bitbake imx-robot-sdk ]   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v2.2-L5.10.72-2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v2.2-L5.10.72-2.2.0 .  git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v2.2.0-L5.10.72-2.2.0 Updated: 1, Update to Yocto release L5.10.72-2.2.0   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v2.2.3-L5.10.72-2.2.3  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v2.2.3-L5.10.72-2.2.3.  repo init -u https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-manifest -b imx-linux-hardknott -m imx-5.10.72-2.2.3.xml git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v2.2.3-L5.10.72-2.2.3 1,  copy meta-robot-platform into <i.MX Yocto folder>/source 2, You should create a symbol link: setup-imx-robot.sh -> sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-robot/tools/setup-imx-robot.sh Updated: 1, Update to Yocto release L5.10.72-2.2.3 2, Update ISP SDK (isp-imx) patch for Github changing.   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v3.1-L5.15.71-2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v3.1-L5.15.71-2.2.0.  repo init -u https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-manifest -b imx-linux-kirkstone -m imx-5.15.71-2.2.0.xml git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v3.1-L5.15.71-2.2.0 1,  copy meta-robot-platform into <i.MX Yocto folder>/source 2, You should create a symbol link: setup-imx-robot.sh -> sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-robot/tools/setup-imx-robot.sh Updated: 1, Update to Yocto release L5.15.71-2.2.0 and ROS1 Noetic and ROS2 Foxy to last version 2, Add ROS2 Humble and remove EOL distributions (ROS1 Kinetic, Melodic and ROS2 Dashing, Eloquent and Galactic). How to build Robot image (example for i.MX8M Plus EVK board) $DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r noetic-b imx8mpevk-robot-noetic [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r foxy -b imx8mpevk-robot-foxy ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r humble -b imx8mpevk-robot-humble ] $ bitbake imx-robot-sdk [or bitbake imx-robot-core ] [or bitbake imx-robot-system ] [or bitbake imx-robot-agv ]   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v3.3-L5.15.71-2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v3.3-L5.15.71-2.2.0.  repo init -u https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-manifest -b imx-linux-kirkstone -m imx-5.15.71-2.2.0.xml git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout v3.3-L5.15.71-2.2.0 1,  copy meta-robot-platform into <i.MX Yocto folder>/source 2, You should create a symbol link: setup-imx-robot.sh -> sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-robot/tools/setup-imx-robot.sh Updated: 1, Add vSLAM ROS demo based on i.MX vSLAM SDK and i.MX AIBot. The demo video is here: Autonomous Navigation with vSLAM, Based on the i.MX 8M Plus Applications Processor   2, Enable DDS Security and SROS2 for ROS 2’s security features. How to build Robot image (example for i.MX8M Plus EVK board) $DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r noetic-b imx8mpevk-robot-noetic [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r foxy -b imx8mpevk-robot-foxy ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r humble -b imx8mpevk-robot-humble ] $ bitbake imx-robot-sdk [or bitbake imx-robot-agv ] [or bitbake imx-robot-system ] [or bitbake imx-robot-core ]   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for v4.0-L6.1.55-2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release package meta-robot-platform-v4.0-L6.1.55-2.2.0.  repo init -u https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-manifest -b imx-linux-mickledore -m imx-6.1.55-2.2.0.xml git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/meta-robot-platform.git git checkout mickledore-6.1.55 1,  copy meta-robot-platform into <i.MX Yocto folder>/source 2, You should create a symbol link: setup-imx-robot.sh -> sources/meta-robot-platform/imx/meta-robot/tools/setup-imx-robot.sh Updated: 1, Migrate i.MX Robot platform to Yocto mickledore with L6.1.55. 2, Add ROS2 iron. How to build Robot image (example for i.MX8M Plus EVK board) $DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r humble -b imx8mpevk-robot-humble [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r iron -b imx8mpevk-robot-iron ] [or DISTRO=imx-robot-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mpevk source setup-imx-robot.sh -r noetic-b imx8mpevk-robot-noetic] $ bitbake -k imx-robot-sdk [or bitbake imx-robot-agv ] [or bitbake imx-robot-system ] [or bitbake imx-robot-core ]  
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Application Note AN13872  Enabling SWUpdate on i.MX 6ULL, i.MX 8M Mini, and i.MX 93 is available on www.nxp.com    SWUpdate: Embedded Systems become more and more complex. Software for Embedded Systems have new features and fixes can be updated in a reliable way. Most of time, we need OTA(Over-The-Air) to upgrade the system. Like Android has its own update system. Linux also need an update system. SWUpdate project is thought to help to update an embedded system from a storage media or from network. However, it should be mainly considered as a framework, where further protocols or installers (in SWUpdate they are called handlers) can be easily added to the application. Mongoose daemon mode: Mongoose is a daemon mode of SWUpdate that provides a web server, web interface and web application. Mongoose is running on the target board(i.MX8MM EVK/i.MX8QXP MEK).Using Web browser to access it.   Suricatta daemon mode: Suricatta regularly polls a remote server for updates, downloads, and installs them. Thereafter, it reboots the system and reports the update status to the server. The screenshot is SWUpdate scuricatta working with hawkbit server.          
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    Xenomai is real-time framework, which can run seamlessly side-by-side Linux as a co-kernel system, or natively over mainline Linux kernels (with or without PREEMPT-RT patch). The dual kernel nicknamed Cobalt, is a significant rework of the Xenomai 2.x system. Cobalt implements the RTDM specification for interfacing with real-time device drivers. The native linux version, an enhanced implementation of the experimental Xenomai/SOLO work, is called Mercury. In this environment, only a standalone implementation of the RTDM specification in a kernel module is required, for interfacing the RTDM-compliant device drivers with the native kernel. You can get more detailed information from Home · Wiki · xenomai / xenomai · GitLab       I have ported xenomai 3.1 to i.MX Yocto 4.19.35-1.1.0, and currently support ARMv7 and tested on imx6ulevk/imx6ull14x14evk/imx6qpsabresd/imx6dlsabresd/imx6sxsabresdimx6slevk boards. I also did stress test by tool stress-ng on some boards.      You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm.git, and git checkout Linux-4.19.35-1.1.0. (which inlcudes all patches and bb file) and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build xenomai by command bitake xenomai.  XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt"  PREFERRED_VERSION_linux-imx = "4.19-${XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE}" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" DISTRO_FEATURES_remove = "optee" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" PREFERRED_VERSION_linux-imx = "4.19-${XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE}" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" DISTRO_FEATURES_remove = "optee" If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt", you can build dual kernel version. And If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury", it is single kernel with PREEMPT-RT patch. The following is test result by the command (/usr/xenomai/demo/cyclictest -p 50 -t 5 -m -n -i 1000 😞 //Mecury on 6ULL with stress-ng --cpu 4 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 128M --metrics-brief policy: fifo: loadavg: 6.08 2.17 0.81 8/101 534 T: 0 (  530) P:99 I:1000 C:  74474 Min:     23 Act:  235 Avg:   77 Max:    8278 T: 1 (  531) P:99 I:1500 C:  49482 Min:     24 Act:   32 Avg:   56 Max:    8277 T: 2 (  532) P:99 I:2000 C:  36805 Min:     24 Act:   38 Avg:   79 Max:    8170 T: 3 (  533) P:99 I:2500 C:  29333 Min:     25 Act:   41 Avg:   54 Max:    7069 T: 4 (  534) P:99 I:3000 C:  24344 Min:     24 Act:   51 Avg:   60 Max:    7193   //Cobalt on 6ULL with stress-ng --cpu 4 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 128M --metrics-brief policy: fifo: loadavg: 7.02 6.50 4.01 8/100 660 T: 0 (  652) P:50 I:1000 C: 560348 Min:      1 Act:   10 Avg:   15 Max:      71 T: 1 (  653) P:50 I:1500 C: 373556 Min:      1 Act:    9 Avg:   17 Max:      78 T: 2 (  654) P:50 I:2000 C: 280157 Min:      2 Act:   14 Avg:   20 Max:      64 T: 3 (  655) P:50 I:2500 C: 224120 Min:      1 Act:   12 Avg:   15 Max:      57 T: 4 (  656) P:50 I:3000 C: 186765 Min:      1 Act:   31 Avg:   19 Max:      53   //Cobalt on 6qp with stress-ng --cpu 4 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 512M --metrics-brief policy: fifo: loadavg: 8.11 7.44 4.45 8/156 1057 T: 0 (  917) P:50 I:1000 C: 686106 Min:      0 Act:    3 Avg:    5 Max:      53 T: 1 (  918) P:50 I:1500 C: 457395 Min:      0 Act:    3 Avg:    5 Max:      49 T: 2 (  919) P:50 I:2000 C: 342866 Min:      0 Act:    2 Avg:    4 Max:      43 T: 3 (  920) P:50 I:2500 C: 274425 Min:      0 Act:    3 Avg:    5 Max:      58 T: 4 (  921) P:50 I:3000 C: 228682 Min:      0 Act:    2 Avg:    6 Max:      46   //Cobalt on 6dl with stress-ng --cpu 2 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 256M --metrics-brief policy: fifo: loadavg: 3.35 4.15 2.47 1/122 850 T: 0 (  729) P:50 I:1000 C: 608088 Min:      0 Act:    1 Avg:    3 Max:      34 T: 1 (  730) P:50 I:1500 C: 405389 Min:      0 Act:    0 Avg:    4 Max:      38 T: 2 (  731) P:50 I:2000 C: 304039 Min:      0 Act:    1 Avg:    4 Max:      45 T: 3 (  732) P:50 I:2500 C: 243225 Min:      0 Act:    0 Avg:    4 Max:      49 T: 4 (  733) P:50 I:3000 C: 202683 Min:      0 Act:    0 Avg:    5 Max:      38   //Cobalt on 6SX stress-ng --cpu 4 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 512M  --metrics-brief policy: fifo: loadavg: 7.51 7.19 6.66 8/123 670 T: 0 (  598) P:50 I:1000 C:2314339 Min:      0 Act:    3 Avg:    8 Max:      60 T: 1 (  599) P:50 I:1500 C:1542873 Min:      0 Act:   15 Avg:    8 Max:      72 T: 2 (  600) P:50 I:2000 C:1157152 Min:      0 Act:    4 Avg:    9 Max:      55 T: 3 (  601) P:50 I:2500 C: 925721 Min:      0 Act:    5 Avg:    9 Max:      57 T: 4 (  602) P:50 I:3000 C: 771434 Min:      0 Act:    6 Avg:    6 Max:      41   //Cobalt on 6Solo lite stress-ng --cpu 4 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 512M  --metrics-brief policy: fifo: loadavg: 7.01 7.04 6.93 8/104 598 T: 0 (  571) P:50 I:1000 C:3639967 Min:      0 Act:    9 Avg:    7 Max:      60 T: 1 (  572) P:50 I:1500 C:2426642 Min:      0 Act:    9 Avg:   11 Max:      66 T: 2 (  573) P:50 I:2000 C:1819980 Min:      0 Act:   11 Avg:   10 Max:      57 T: 3 (  574) P:50 I:2500 C:1455983 Min:      0 Act:   12 Avg:   10 Max:      56 T: 4 (  575) P:50 I:3000 C:1213316 Min:      0 Act:    7 Avg:    9 Max:      43   //Cobalt on 7d with stress-ng --cpu 2 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 256M --metrics-brief policy: fifo: loadavg: 5.03 5.11 5.15 6/107 683 T: 0 (  626) P:50 I:1000 C:6842938 Min:      0 Act:    1 Avg:    2 Max:      63 T: 1 (  627) P:50 I:1500 C:4561953 Min:      0 Act:    4 Avg:    2 Max:      66 T: 2 (  628) P:50 I:2000 C:3421461 Min:      0 Act:    0 Avg:    2 Max:      69 T: 3 (  629) P:50 I:2500 C:2737166 Min:      0 Act:    3 Avg:    2 Max:      71 T: 4 (  630) P:50 I:3000 C:2280969 Min:      0 Act:    2 Avg:    1 Max:      33   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.10.52 2.1.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.10.52 2.1.0. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm and git checkout xenomai-5.10.52-2.1.0. Updating: 1, Upgrade Xenomai to v3.2 2, Enable Dovetail instead of ipipe. Copy xenomai-arm to <Yocto folder>/sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/recipes-kernel, and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build Image with xenomai enable by command bitake imx-image-multimedia. XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" Notice: If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt", you can build dual kernel version. And If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury", it is single kernel with PREEMPT-RT patch. //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.15.71 2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.15.71 2.2.0. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm and git checkout xenomai-5.15.71-2.2.0. Updating: 1, Upgrade Xenomai to v3.2.2 Copy xenomai-arm to <Yocto folder>/sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/recipes-kernel, and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build Image with xenomai enable by command bitake imx-image-multimedia. XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt" IMAGE_INSTALL:append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" IMAGE_INSTALL:append += " xenomai" Notice: If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt", you can build dual kernel version. And If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury", it is single kernel with PREEMPT-RT patch.   ///////// Later update for Later Yocto release, please refer to the following community post //////////// 移植实时Linux方案Xenomai到i.MX ARM64平台 (Enable real-time Linux Xenomai on i.MX ARM64 Platform)   
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    Xenomai is real-time framework, which can run seamlessly side-by-side Linux as a co-kernel system, or natively over mainline Linux kernels (with or without PREEMPT-RT patch). The dual kernel nicknamed Cobalt, is a significant rework of the Xenomai 2.x system. Cobalt implements the RTDM specification for interfacing with real-time device drivers. The native linux version, an enhanced implementation of the experimental Xenomai/SOLO work, is called Mercury. In this environment, only a standalone implementation of the RTDM specification in a kernel module is required, for interfacing the RTDM-compliant device drivers with the native kernel. You can get more detailed information from Home · Wiki · xenomai / xenomai · GitLab       I have ported xenomai 3.1 to i.MX Yocto 4.19.35-1.1.0, and currently support ARM64 and test on i.MX8MQ EVK board. I did over night test( 5 real-time threads + GPU SDK test case) and stress test by tool stress-ng on i.MX8MQ EVK board. It looks lile pretty good. Current version (20200730) also support i.MX8MM EVK.     You need git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git, and git checkout xenomai-4.19.35-1.1.0-20200818 (which inlcudes all patches and bb file) and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build xenomai by command bitbake xenomai.  XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt"  PREFERRED_VERSION_linux-imx = "4.19-${XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE}" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" PREFERRED_VERSION_linux-imx = "4.19-${XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE}" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt", you can build dual kernel version. And If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury", it is single kernel with PREEMPT-RT patch. The following is test result by the command (/usr/xenomai/demo/cyclictest -p 99 -t 5 -m -n -i 1000  -l 100000😞 //Over normal Linux kernel without GPU SDK test case T: 0 ( 4220) P:99 I:1000 C: 100000 Min: 7 Act: 10 Avg: 9 Max: 23 T: 1 ( 4221) P:99 I:1500 C: 66672 Min: 7 Act: 10 Avg: 10 Max: 20 T: 2 ( 4222) P:99 I:2000 C: 50001 Min: 7 Act: 12 Avg: 10 Max: 81 T: 3 ( 4223) P:99 I:2500 C: 39998 Min: 7 Act: 11 Avg: 10 Max: 29 T: 4 ( 4224) P:99 I:3000 C: 33330 Min: 7 Act: 13 Avg: 10 Max: 26 //Over normal Linux kernel with GPU SDK test case T: 0 ( 4177) P:99 I:1000 C: 100000 Min: 7 Act: 10 Avg: 11 Max: 51 T: 1 ( 4178) P:99 I:1500 C: 66673 Min: 7 Act: 12 Avg: 10 Max: 35 T: 2 ( 4179) P:99 I:2000 C: 50002 Min: 7 Act: 12 Avg: 11 Max: 38 T: 3 ( 4180) P:99 I:2500 C: 39999 Min: 7 Act: 12 Avg: 11 Max: 42 T: 4 ( 4181) P:99 I:3000 C: 33330 Min: 7 Act: 12 Avg: 11 Max: 36   //Cobalt with stress-ng --cpu 4 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 512M --timeout 600s --metrics-brief T: 0 ( 4259) P:50 I:1000 C:3508590 Min:      0 Act:    0 Avg:    0 Max:      42 T: 1 ( 4260) P:50 I:1500 C:2338831 Min:      0 Act:    1 Avg:    0 Max:      36 T: 2 ( 4261) P:50 I:2000 C:1754123 Min:      0 Act:    1 Avg:    1 Max:      42 T: 3 ( 4262) P:50 I:2500 C:1403298 Min:      0 Act:    1 Avg:    1 Max:      45 T: 4 ( 4263) P:50 I:3000 C:1169415 Min:      0 Act:    1 Avg:    1 Max:      22   //Cobalt without GPU SDK test case T: 0 ( 4230) P:50 I:1000 C: 100000 Min: 0 Act: 0 Avg: 0 Max: 4 T: 1 ( 4231) P:50 I:1500 C:   66676 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 4 T: 2 ( 4232) P:50 I:2000 C:   50007 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 8 T: 3 ( 4233) P:50 I:2500 C:   40005 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 3 T: 4 ( 4234) P:50 I:3000 C:   33338 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 5 //Cobalt with GPU SDK test case T: 0 ( 4184) P:99 I:1000 C:37722968 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 24 T: 1 ( 4185) P:99 I:1500 C:25148645 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 33 T: 2 ( 4186) P:99 I:2000 C:18861483 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 22 T: 3 ( 4187) P:99 I:2500 C:15089187 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 23 T: 4 ( 4188) P:99 I:3000 C:12574322 Min: 0 Act: 1 Avg: 0 Max: 29 //Mercury without GPU SDK test case T: 0 ( 4287) P:99 I:1000 C:1000000 Min: 6 Act: 7 Avg: 7 Max: 20 T: 1 ( 4288) P:99 I:1500 C:  666667 Min: 6 Act: 9 Avg: 7 Max: 17 T: 2 ( 4289) P:99 I:2000 C:  499994 Min: 6 Act: 8 Avg: 7 Max: 24 T: 3 ( 4290) P:99 I:2500 C:  399991 Min: 6 Act: 9 Avg: 7 Max: 19 T: 4 ( 4291) P:99 I:3000 C:  333322 Min: 6 Act: 8 Avg: 7 Max: 21 //Mercury with GPU SDK test case T: 0 ( 4222) P:99 I:1000 C:1236790 Min: 6 Act: 7 Avg: 7 Max: 55 T: 1 ( 4223) P:99 I:1500 C:  824518 Min: 6 Act: 7 Avg: 7 Max: 44 T: 2 ( 4224) P:99 I:2000 C:  618382 Min: 6 Act: 8 Avg: 8 Max: 88 T: 3 ( 4225) P:99 I:2500 C:  494701 Min: 6 Act: 7 Avg: 8 Max: 49 T: 4 ( 4226) P:99 I:3000 C:  412247 Min: 6 Act: 7 Avg: 8 Max: 53 //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.4.47 2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.4.47 2.2.0 and it supports i.MX8M series (8MQ,8MM,8MN and 8MP). You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git,  and git checkout xenomai-5.4.47-2.2.0. You need to add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build xenomai by command bitbake imx-image-multimedia.  XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt"  PREFERRED_VERSION_linux-imx = "5-${XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE}" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" PREFERRED_VERSION_linux-imx = "5-${XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE}" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.4.70 2.3.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release  for Yocto release L5.4.70 2.3.0 and it supports i.MX8M series (8MQ,8MM,8MN and 8MP) and i.MX8QM/QXP. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git and git checkout xenomai-5.4.70-2.3.0. Updating: 1, Support i.MX8QM and i.MX8QXP 2, Fix altency's the issue which uses legacy API to get time   //////////////////////////////////////// update for Yocto L5.4.70 2.3.2  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.4.70 2.3.2. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git, and git checkout xenomai-5.4.70-2.3.2. Updating: 1, Enable Xenomai RTDM driver in Linux Kernel 2, Currently CAN, UART, GPIO,  SPI and Ethernet (in debug for RTNet)  are added in Xenomai. 3, Add KERNEL_DEVICETREE += " freescale/imx8mp-rt-evk.dtb " in sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/conf/machine/imx8mpevk.conf to enable relative device in Xenomai domain, for example rt-imx8mp-flexcan.   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.4.70 2.3.4  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.4.70 2.3.4. You need to git clone  https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git and git checkout xenomai-5.4.70-2.3.4. Updating: 1, Enable RTNet FEC driver 2, Currently CAN, UART, GPIO,  SPI and Ethernet ( FEC Controller)  are added in Xenomai. 3, Add KERNEL_DEVICETREE += " freescale/imx8mp-rt-evk.dtb " in sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/conf/machine/imx8mpevk.conf and KERNEL_DEVICETREE += " freescale/imx8mm-rt-ddr4-evk.dtb " in sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/conf/machine/imx8mmddr4evk.conf to enable rt_fec device in Xenomai domain. Verifying the network connection by RTnet Ping Between i.MX8M Mini EVK and i.MX8M Plus EVK a, Setup test environment 1, Connect ENET1 of  i.MX8M Plus EVK (used as a master) and  ENET of i.MX8M Mini EVK (used as a slave) of  to a switch or hub 2, Modify /usr/xenomai/etc/rtnet.conf in i.MX8M Plus EVK board as the following: @@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ MODULE_EXT=".ko" # RT-NIC driver -RT_DRIVER="rt_eepro100" +RT_DRIVER="rt_fec" RT_DRIVER_OPTIONS="" # PCI addresses of RT-NICs to claim (format: 0000:00:00.0) @@ -30,8 +30,8 @@ REBIND_RT_NICS="" # The TDMA_CONFIG file overrides these parameters for masters and backup # masters. Leave blank if you do not use IP addresses or if this station is # intended to retrieve its IP from the master based on its MAC address. -IPADDR="10.0.0.1" -NETMASK="" +IPADDR="192.168.100.101" +NETMASK="255.255.255.0" # Start realtime loopback device ("yes" or "no") RT_LOOPBACK="yes" @@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ TDMA_MODE="master" # Master parameters # Simple setup: List of TDMA slaves -TDMA_SLAVES="10.0.0.2 10.0.0.3 10.0.0.4" +TDMA_SLAVES="192.168.100.102" # Simple setup: Cycle time in microsecond TDMA_CYCLE="5000" 3, Modify /usr/xenomai/etc/rtnet.conf in i.MX8M Mini EVK board as the following: @@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ MODULE_EXT=".ko" # RT-NIC driver -RT_DRIVER="rt_eepro100" +RT_DRIVER="rt_fec" RT_DRIVER_OPTIONS="" # PCI addresses of RT-NICs to claim (format: 0000:00:00.0) @@ -30,8 +30,8 @@ REBIND_RT_NICS="" # The TDMA_CONFIG file overrides these parameters for masters and backup # masters. Leave blank if you do not use IP addresses or if this station is # intended to retrieve its IP from the master based on its MAC address. -IPADDR="10.0.0.1" -NETMASK="" +IPADDR="192.168.100.102" +NETMASK="255.255.255.0" # Start realtime loopback device ("yes" or "no") RT_LOOPBACK="yes" @@ -59,13 +59,13 @@ STAGE_2_CMDS="" # TDMA mode of the station ("master" or "slave") # Start backup masters in slave mode, it will then be switched to master # mode automatically during startup. -TDMA_MODE="master" +TDMA_MODE="slave" # Master parameters # Simple setup: List of TDMA slaves -TDMA_SLAVES="10.0.0.2 10.0.0.3 10.0.0.4" +TDMA_SLAVES="192.168.100.102" # Simple setup: Cycle time in microsecond TDMA_CYCLE="5000" 4, rename imx8mm-rt-ddr4-evk.dtb to imx8mm-ddr4-evk.dtb in /run/media/mmcblk1p1,  rename imx8mp-rt-evk.dtb to imx8mp-evk.dtb in /run/media/mmcblk1p1, and reboot board. 5, Run the below command on i.MX8M Mini EVK board. cd /usr/xenomai/sbin/ ./rtnet start & 5, Run the below command on i.MX8M Plus EVK board. cd /usr/xenomai/sbin/ ./rtnet start & When you see the log (rt_fec_main 30be0000.ethernet (unnamed net_device) (uninitialized): Link is Up - 100Mbps/Full - flow control rx/tx) and you can run command "./rtroute" to check route table if the slave IP (192.168.100.102) is in route.. b, Verify the network connection using the command below: ./rtping -s 1024 192.168.100.102 //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.10.52 2.1.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.10.52 2.1.0. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git and git checkout xenomai-5.10.52-2.1.0. Updating: 1, Upgrade Xenomai to v3.2 2, Enable Dovetail instead of ipipe. Copy xenomai-arm64 to <Yocto folder>/sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/recipes-kernel, and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build Image with xenomai enable by command bitbake imx-image-multimedia. XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" Notice: If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt", you can build dual kernel version. And If XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury", it is single kernel with PREEMPT-RT patch.  Latency testing of Xenomai3.2+Dovetail with isolating CPU 2,3 ( Xenomai 3.2 on 8MM DDR4 EVK with GPU test case (GLES2/S08_EnvironmentMappingRefraction_Wayland) + iperf3 + 2 ping 65000 size + stress-ng --cpu 2 --io 2 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 256M --metrics-brief )😞 The following is test result by the command (/usr/xenomai/demo/cyclictest -a 2,3 -p 50 -t 5 -m -n -i 1000) root@imx8mmddr4evk:~# /usr/xenomai/demo/cyclictest -a 2,3 -p 50 -t 5 -m -n -i 1000 # /dev/cpu_dma_latency set to 0us policy: fifo: loadavg: 5.96 6.04 6.03 7/155 1349 T: 0 ( 615) P:50 I:1000 C:63448632 Min: 0 Act: 0 Avg: 0 Max: 55 T: 1 ( 616) P:50 I:1500 C:42299087 Min: 0 Act: 0 Avg: 1 Max: 43 T: 2 ( 617) P:50 I:2000 C:31724315 Min: 0 Act: 0 Avg: 1 Max: 51 T: 3 ( 618) P:50 I:2500 C:25379452 Min: 0 Act: 0 Avg: 1 Max: 53 T: 4 ( 619) P:50 I:3000 C:21149543 Min: 0 Act: 0 Avg: 1 Max: 47 //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.10.72 2.2.2  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.10.72 2.2.2. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git and git checkout xenomai-5.10.72-2.2.2. Updating: 1, Upgrade Xenomai to v3.2.1 Copy xenomai-arm64 to <Yocto folder>/sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/recipes-kernel, and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build Image with xenomai enable by command bitbake imx-image-multimedia. XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" IMAGE_INSTALL_append += " xenomai" //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L5.15.71 2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L5.15.71 2.2.0. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git and git checkout xenomai-5.15.71-2.2.0. Updating: 1, Upgrade Xenomai to v3.2.2 Copy xenomai-arm64 to <Yocto folder>/sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/recipes-kernel, and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build Image with xenomai enable by command bitbake imx-image-multimedia. XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt" IMAGE_INSTALL:append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" IMAGE_INSTALL:append += " xenomai"   //////////////////////////////////////// Update for Yocto L6.1.55 2.2.0  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// New release for Yocto release L6.1.55 2.2.0. You need to git clone https://gitee.com/zxd2021-imx/xenomai-arm64.git recipes-rtlinux-xenomai -b Linux-6.1.x Updating: 1, Upgrade Xenomai to v3.2.4 and support i.MX93 2, Enable EVL (aka Xenomai 4) for i.MX93 and legacy i.MX(6/7D/8X/8M) Copy recipes-rtlinux-xenomai to <Yocto folder>/sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp/, and add the following variable in conf/local.conf before build Image with xenomai enable by command bitbake imx-image-multimedia. XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "cobalt" IMAGE_INSTALL:append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "mercury" IMAGE_INSTALL:append += " xenomai" or XENOMAI_KERNEL_MODE = "evl" IMAGE_INSTALL:append += " libevl"  
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  Environment i.MX8MP EVK, SDK2.15   The default rpmsg buffer size in SDK is 512Bytes(16 Bytes header + 496Bytes payload). This knowledge base will try to change the default buffer size in rpmsg framework. Steps:   1.Modify rpmsg payload size in SDK PATH: SDK\evkmimx8mp_rpmsg_lite_str_echo_rtos_imxcm7\rpmsg_config.h     //! RL_BUFFER_PAYLOAD_SIZE //! //! Size of the buffer payload, it must be equal to (240, 496, 1008, ...) //! [2^n - 16]. Ensure the same value is defined on both sides of rpmsg //! communication. The default value is 496U. #define RL_BUFFER_PAYLOAD_SIZE (1008)     2. Modify buffer size in rpmsg linux framework and buffer pool in dts. PATH: drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c            arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mp-evk-rpmsg.dts   Test steps:   Modify the send buffer in imx_rpmsg_tty.c     #define MSG "hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world! hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world! hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!"       Modify buffer limitation in SDK PATH: evkmimx8mp_rpmsg_lite_str_echo_rtos_imxcm7\main_remote.c     /* Globals */ static char app_buf[1024]; /* Each RPMSG buffer can carry less than 512 payload */       Terminal output We can see that the MAX buffer size received in SDK is not limited to 512Bytes     Nameservice sent, ready for incoming messages... Get Message From Master Side : "hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world! hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world! hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!hello world!" [len : 674]       If we use a larger buffer like 2022 Bytes, we will see error when driver load.     [ 2673.447384] imx_rpmsg_tty virtio0.rpmsg-virtual-tty-channel-1.-1.30: message is too big (2022) [ 2673.456271] imx_rpmsg_tty virtio0.rpmsg-virtual-tty-channel-1.-1.30: rpmsg_send failed: -90 [ 2673.465556] imx_rpmsg_tty virtio0.rpmsg-virtual-tty-channel-1.-1.30: rpmsg_dev_probe: failed: -90 [ 2673.474496] imx_rpmsg_tty: probe of virtio0.rpmsg-virtual-tty-channel-1.-1.30 failed with error -90          
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Information about the transition from the NXP Demo Experience to GoPoint for i.MX Application Processors.
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Board : i.MX93 EVK BSP: imx L6.1.1-1.0.0 Gui guider: 1.6.1   We have a GUI software tool called GUI Guider. It is a user-friendly graphical user interface development tool from NXP that enables the rapid development of high quality displays with the open-source LVGL graphics library. The GUI demo can run on the i.MX93EVK board. (https://www.nxp.com/design/software/development-software/gui-guider:GUI-GUIDER)   This document will show you an example how the buttons(gpio) on the EVK to interacting with the GUI. Basically, customer could use the same method to use the gpio pins to control everything.   On the i.MX93 EVK board, there are two buttons BTN1 and BTN2. They are connected to GPIO IO23 and GPIO IO24. Below is the schematic.    Buttons on the board.      SW1005 on the board   In the EVK's device tree file, need to change the pinmux for the two buttons like this: pinctrl_spdif: spdifgrp { fsl,pins = < // MX93_PAD_GPIO_IO22__SPDIF_IN 0x31e // MX93_PAD_GPIO_IO23__SPDIF_OUT 0x31e MX93_PAD_GPIO_IO23__GPIO2_IO23 0x31e MX93_PAD_GPIO_IO24__GPIO2_IO24 0x31e >; note: all the pins are defined in imx93-pinfunc.h.   For getting the input value of the buttons in user's space, I use the sysfs gpio. Build the imx-image-multimedia image first and then select the GPIO_SYSFS in kernel's menuconfig.   $ DISTRO=fsl-imx-xwayland MACHINE=imx93evk source imx-setup-release.sh -b build-xwayland $ bitbake imx-image-multimedia   After the build completed, go to the kernel's menuconfig to select the GPIO sysfs. $ bitbake linux-imx -c menuconfig [*] General setup-> Configure standard kernel features (expert users) [*] Device Drivers->GPIO Support-> /sys/class/gpio/... (sysfs interface)   Build the whole image again by "$ bitbake imx-image-multimedia".   Using the UUU to program the image to the EMMC on the EVK board. uuu -b emmc_all imx-image-multimedia-imx93evk.rootfs.wic.zst   Connect the LVDS to the board. Use the corresponding dtb to boot the board. In u-boot, set the dtb file. => setenv fdtfile imx93-11x11-evk-boe-wxga-lvds-panel.dtb => saveenv   Then restart the board. After the board boot up, it will look like below.     You need to calibrate the LVDS touch screen before it can normally use. Please use this command: $ weston-touch-calibrator LVDS-1     Now, build the GUI guider example. I use the Air Conditioner example. Download the GUI guider from the gui-guider web page: https://www.nxp.com/design/software/development-software/gui-guider:GUI-GUIDER   Follow the steps from the below web page to build the i.MX BSP and the gui example code. https://docs.nxp.com/bundle/GUIGUIDERUG-1.6.1/page/topics/yocto.html   After the gui-guider build completed, use the 'scp' command to transfer the gui_guider executable file to the board. Execute the command on your host PC like this: $ scp bld-imx93evk/tmp/work/armv8a-poky-linux/gui-guider/1.6.0-r0/image/usr/bin/gui_guider root@<Your Board IP address>:/ Note: You could use a router to connect your board and your host PC. They are on the same network so could use the 'scp' command to transfer the file to your board.   On your board, type the following commands to execute the gui. $ chmod 755 gui_guider $ ./gui_guider &   Then the GUI is running like this:   Now, let me explain how to find out the gpio number. Type the following command to show the mapping addresses of gpio. root@imx93evk:/# cat /sys/kernel/debug/gpio gpiochip3: GPIOs 0-31, parent: platform/47400080.gpio, 47400080.gpio: gpiochip0: GPIOs 32-63, parent: platform/43810080.gpio, 43810080.gpio: gpiochip1: GPIOs 64-95, parent: platform/43820080.gpio, 43820080.gpio: gpio-64 ( |cd ) in hi IRQ ACTIVE LOW gpio-71 ( |regulator-usdhc2 ) out lo gpiochip2: GPIOs 96-127, parent: platform/43830080.gpio, 43830080.gpio: gpiochip6: GPIOs 472-477, parent: i2c/0-001a, wm8962, can sleep: gpiochip5: GPIOs 478-487, parent: platform/adp5585-gpio.1.auto, adp5585-gpio, can sleep: gpio-479 ( |regulator-audio-pwr ) out hi gpio-483 ( |regulator-can2-stby ) out hi ACTIVE LOW gpio-486 ( |enable ) out hi gpiochip4: GPIOs 488-511, parent: i2c/1-0022, 1-0022, can sleep: gpio-492 ( |Headphone detection ) in lo IRQ gpio-501 ( |? ) out hi gpio-502 ( |regulator-vdd-12v ) out hi gpio-505 ( |reset ) out lo gpio-507 ( |? ) out hi gpio-508 ( |reset ) out lo ACTIVE LOW   The gpio pins of two buttons are GPIO2_IO23 and GPIO2_IO24. They are belongs to gpio2. In the imx93.dtsi, the gpio2's address is "gpio2: gpio@43810080". So, base on the information output from "/sys/kernel/debug/gpio", the gpio2 is mapping to "gpiochip0: GPIOs 32-63". So, the GPIO2_IO23 is 32+23=55, and the GPIO2_IO24 is 32+24=56.   To verify the gpio number is correct or not. We could do the following test. root@imx93evk:/# echo 55 > /sys/class/gpio/export root@imx93evk:/# echo in > /sys/class/gpio/gpio55/direction root@imx93evk:/# echo 56 > /sys/class/gpio/export root@imx93evk:/# echo in > /sys/class/gpio/gpio56/direction   Then, run these two commands to check the values. root@imx93evk:/# cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio55/value root@imx93evk:/# cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio55/value   When the button is not pressed, the value is 1. When press the button, the value is 0.  We could add the same in the GUI's custom.c. Open the GUI Guider software and add the code in the custom.c. /********************* * INCLUDES *********************/ #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <errno.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include "lvgl.h" #include "custom.h" #include "ui_Aircon.h" #include "guider_customer_fonts.h" /********************** * STATIC VARIABLES **********************/ int fdbtn1,fdbtn2,fdgpio; int btn1_pressed; int btn2_pressed; char btn1_value, btn2_value; void custom_func(void) { fdbtn1 = open("/sys/class/gpio/gpio55/value", O_RDWR); fdbtn2 = open("/sys/class/gpio/gpio56/value", O_RDWR); read(fdbtn1, &btn1_value, 1); read(fdbtn2, &btn2_value, 1); if(btn1_value=='0' && btn1_pressed) { btn1_pressed=0; ui_aircon_update_temp(0, kAIRCON_TempUp); } if(btn1_value=='1') btn1_pressed=1; if(btn2_value=='0' && btn2_pressed) { btn2_pressed=0; ui_aircon_update_temp(0, kAIRCON_TempDown); } if(btn2_value=='1') btn2_pressed=1; close(fdbtn1); close(fdbtn2); } void custom_init(lv_ui *ui) { fdbtn1 = open("/sys/class/gpio/gpio55/value", O_WRONLY); if (fdbtn1 == -1) { fdgpio = open("/sys/class/gpio/export", O_WRONLY); write(fdgpio,"55",3); write(fdgpio,"56",3); close(fdgpio); fdgpio = open("/sys/class/gpio/gpio55/direction", O_WRONLY); write(fdgpio,"in",3); close(fdgpio); fdgpio = open("/sys/class/gpio/gpio56/direction", O_WRONLY); write(fdgpio,"in",3); close(fdgpio); } else close(fdbtn1); ... ... ... ...   Add the custom_func() in the custom.h. #ifndef __CUSTOM_H_ #define __CUSTOM_H_ #ifdef __cplusplus extern "C" { #endif #include "gui_guider.h" void custom_init(lv_ui *ui); + void custom_func(void);   Also, need to add the custom function() into the dead loop in main.c.   To modify the code, bld-imx93evk$ vim tmp/work/armv8a-poky-linux/gui-guider/1.6.0-r0/gui-guider-1.6.0/ports/linux/main.c   while(1) { + custom_func(); // <--- Add the custom function here. /* Periodically call the lv_task handler. * It could be done in a timer interrupt or an OS task too.*/ time_till_next = lv_wayland_timer_handler(); #if LV_USE_VIDEO video_play(&guider_ui); #endif /* Run until the last window closes */ if (!lv_wayland_window_is_open(NULL)) { break; }   Re-build the code after modified. bld-imx93evk$ bitbake gui-guider -c compile -f   Build the whole image again. bld-imx93evk$ bitbake gui-guider Then use the 'scp' command to transfer the new gui-guider file to the board.   Finally, you can use the buttons on the EVK board to set the temperature up and down.                          
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How to use UART4 on iMX8M from Linux User Space   The UART4 on iMX8MM-EVK and iMX8MN-EVK are thinking of debugging the M core which is not usable on Linux user space by default on pre-compiled images.   To use the UART4 on Linux user space you have to do the next modifications on the device tree and atf to assign that peripheral to Linux User Space     https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-atf/blob/lf_v2.6/plat/imx/imx8m/imx8mm/imx8mm_bl31_setup.c     iMX8MN-EVK   imx8mn_bl31_setup.c   https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-atf/blob/lf_v2.6/plat/imx/imx8m/imx8mn/imx8mn_bl31_setup.c   /* Master domain assignment */ RDC_MDAn(RDC_MDA_M7, DID1), /* peripherals domain permission */ - RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART4, D1R | D1W), + RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART4, D0R | D0W), RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART2, D0R | D0W), RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_RDC, D0R | D0W | D1R),       Device tree configurations for iMX8MN-EVK   iMX8MN-EVK.dtsi   https://github.com/nxp-imx/linux-imx/blob/lf-6.1.y/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mn-evk.dtsi   &uart3 { pinctrl-names = "default"; pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_uart3>; assigned-clocks = <&clk IMX8MN_CLK_UART3>; assigned-clock-parents = <&clk IMX8MN_SYS_PLL1_80M>; uart-has-rtscts; status = "okay"; }; + &uart4 { + pinctrl-names = "default"; + pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_uart4>; + assigned-clocks = <&clk IMX8MN_CLK_UART4>; + assigned-clock-parents = <&clk IMX8MN_SYS_PLL1_80M>; + status = "okay"; + }; ********************** pinctrl_uart3: uart3grp { fsl,pins = < MX8MN_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SCLK_UART3_DCE_RX 0x140 MX8MN_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MOSI_UART3_DCE_TX 0x140 MX8MN_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SS0_UART3_DCE_RTS_B 0x140 MX8MN_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MISO_UART3_DCE_CTS_B 0x140 >; }; + pinctrl_uart4: uart4grp { + fsl,pins = < + MX8MN_IOMUXC_UART4_RXD_UART4_DCE_RX 0x140 + MX8MN_IOMUXC_UART4_TXD_UART4_DCE_TX 0x140 + >; + };   iMX8MM-EVK   https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-atf/blob/lf_v2.6/plat/imx/imx8m/imx8mm/imx8mm_bl31_setup.c   imx8mm_bl31_setup.c   /* Master domain assignment */ RDC_MDAn(RDC_MDA_M7, DID1), /* peripherals domain permission */ - RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART4, D1R | D1W), + RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART4, D0R | D0W), RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART2, D0R | D0W), RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_RDC, D0R | D0W | D1R),   Device tree configurations for iMX8MM-EVK   iMX8MM-EVK.dtsi   https://github.com/nxp-imx/linux-imx/blob/lf-6.1.y/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mm-evk.dtsi   &uart3 { pinctrl-names = "default"; pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_uart3>; assigned-clocks = <&clk IMX8MM_CLK_UART3>; assigned-clock-parents = <&clk IMX8MM_SYS_PLL1_80M>; uart-has-rtscts; status = "okay"; }; + &uart4 { + pinctrl-names = "default"; + pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_uart4>; + assigned-clocks = <&clk IMX8MM_CLK_UART4>; + assigned-clock-parents = <&clk IMX8MM_SYS_PLL1_80M>; + status = "okay"; + }; ********************** pinctrl_uart3: uart3grp { fsl,pins = < MX8MM_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SCLK_UART3_DCE_RX 0x140 MX8MM_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MOSI_UART3_DCE_TX 0x140 MX8MM_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SS0_UART3_DCE_RTS_B 0x140 MX8MM_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MISO_UART3_DCE_CTS_B 0x140 >; }; + pinctrl_uart4: uart4grp { + fsl,pins = < + MX8MM_IOMUXC_UART4_RXD_UART4_DCE_RX 0x140 + MX8MM_IOMUXC_UART4_TXD_UART4_DCE_TX 0x140 + >; + };   iMX8MP-EVK   https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-atf/blob/lf_v2.6/plat/imx/imx8m/imx8mp/imx8mp_bl31_setup.c   imx8mp_bl31_setup.c   RDC_MDAn(RDC_MDA_M7, DID1), RDC_MDAn(RDC_MDA_LCDIF, DID2), RDC_MDAn(RDC_MDA_LCDIF2, DID2), RDC_MDAn(RDC_MDA_HDMI_TX, DID2), /* peripherals domain permission */ + RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART4, D0R | D0W), RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_UART2, D0R | D0W), RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_WDOG1, D0R | D0W), RDC_PDAPn(RDC_PDAP_RDC, D0R | D0W | D1R),   Device tree configurations for iMX8MP-EVK   iMX8MP-EVK.dts   https://github.com/nxp-imx/linux-imx/blob/lf-6.1.y/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mp-evk.dts   &uart3 { pinctrl-names = "default"; pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_uart3>; assigned-clocks = <&clk IMX8MP_CLK_UART3>; assigned-clock-parents = <&clk IMX8MP_SYS_PLL1_80M>; fsl,uart-has-rtscts; status = "okay"; }; + &uart4 { + pinctrl-names = "default"; + pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_uart4>; + assigned-clocks = <&clk IMX8MP_CLK_UART4>; + assigned-clock-parents = <&clk IMX8MP_SYS_PLL1_80M>; + status = "okay"; + }; ************************************ pinctrl_uart3: uart3grp { fsl,pins = < MX8MP_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SCLK__UART3_DCE_RX 0x140 MX8MP_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MOSI__UART3_DCE_TX 0x140 MX8MP_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SS0__UART3_DCE_RTS 0x140 MX8MP_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MISO__UART3_DCE_CTS 0x140 >; }; + pinctrl_uart4: uart4grp { + fsl,pins = < + MX8MP_IOMUXC_UART4_RXD__UART4_DCE_RX 0x140 + MX8MP_IOMUXC_UART4_TXD__UART4_DCE_TX 0x140 + >; + };     After compiling the image with the changes previously shown, we obtained this result:      
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Usually, device tree source files are not a signal pure dts file. It could include dtsi, dts or C code heads .h files. Need C compiler finish the pre-compile to a pure dts file first. It is integrated inside the like Linux build system(Makefile, etc.). This document shows the original way to compile device tree. This document will show compile device tree under windows.    
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  Platform & BSP :i.MX8MPlus, L6.1.36   The attachments enable the i.MX8MPlus pci function in uboot. lspci in Linux root@imx8mpevk:~# lspci -nn 00:00.0 PCI bridge [0604]: Synopsys, Inc. DWC_usb3 / PCIe bridge [16c3:abcd] (rev 01) 01:00.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: Marvell Technology Group Ltd. Device [1b4b:2b42] (rev 11) pci test results in uboot:  u-boot=> pci BusDevFun VendorId DeviceId Device Class Sub-Class _____________________________________________________________ 00.00.00 0x16c3 0xabcd Bridge device 0x04 u-boot=> pci bar 00.00.00 ID Base Size Width Type ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 0x0000000018000000 0x0000000000100000 32 MEM u-boot=> pci regions 00 Buses 00-01 # Bus start Phys start Size Flags 0 0x0000000000000000 0x000000001ff80000 0x0000000000010000 io 1 0x0000000018000000 0x0000000018000000 0x0000000007f00000 mem 2 0x0000000040000000 0x0000000040000000 0x0000000016000000 mem sysmem 3 0x0000000058000000 0x0000000058000000 0x00000000a8000000 mem sysmem 4 0x0000000100000000 0x0000000100000000 0x00000000c0000000 mem sysmem u-boot=> pci header 00.00.00 vendor ID = 0x16c3 device ID = 0xabcd command register ID = 0x0007 status register = 0x0010 revision ID = 0x01 class code = 0x06 (Bridge device) sub class code = 0x04 programming interface = 0x00 cache line = 0x08 latency time = 0x00 header type = 0x01 BIST = 0x00 base address 0 = 0x18000000 base address 1 = 0x00000000 primary bus number = 0x00 secondary bus number = 0x01 subordinate bus number = 0x01 secondary latency timer = 0x00 IO base = 0x10 IO limit = 0x00 secondary status = 0x0000 memory base = 0x1820 memory limit = 0x1810 prefetch memory base = 0xfff0 prefetch memory limit = 0x0000 prefetch memory base upper = 0x00000000 prefetch memory limit upper = 0x00000000 IO base upper 16 bits = 0x0000 IO limit upper 16 bits = 0x0000 expansion ROM base address = 0x18100000 interrupt line = 0xff interrupt pin = 0x01 bridge control = 0x0000
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What is a device tree? The device tree is a data structure that is passed to the Linux kernel to describe the physical devices in a system. Before device trees came into use, the bootloader (for example, U-Boot) had to tell the kernel what machine type it was booting. Moreover, it had to pass other information such as memory size and location, kernel command line, etc. Sometimes, the device tree is confused with the Linux Kernel configuration, but the device tree specifies what devices are available and how they are accessed, not whether the hardware is used. The device tree is a structure composed of nodes and properties: Nodes: The node name is a label used to identify the node. Properties: A node may contain multiple properties arranged with a name and a value. Phandle: Property in one node that contains a pointer to another node. Aliases: The aliases node is an index of other nodes. A device tree is defined in a human-readable device tree syntax text file such as .dts or .dtsi. The machine has one or several .dts files that correspond to different hardware configurations. With these .dts files we can compile them into a device tree binary (.dtb) blobs that can either be attached to the kernel binary (for legacy compatibility) or, as is more commonly done, passed to the kernel by a bootloader like U-Boot. What is Devshell? The Devshell is a terminal shell that runs in the same context as the BitBake task engine. It is possible to run Devshell directly or it may spawn automatically. The advantage of this tool is that is automatically included when you configure and build a platform project so, you can start using it by installing the packages and following the setup of i.MX Yocto Project User's Guide on section 3 “Host Setup”. Steps: Now, let’s see how to compile your device tree files of i.MX devices using Devshell. On host machine. Modify or make your device tree on the next path: - 64 bits. ~/imx-yocto-bsp/<build directory>/tmp/work-shared/<machine>/kernel-source/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale - 32 bits. ~/imx-yocto-bsp/<build directory>/tmp/work-shared/<machine>/kernel-source/arch/arm/boot/dts To compile, it is needed to prepare the environment as is mentioned on i.MX Yocto Project User's Guide on section 5.1 “Build Configurations”. $ cd ~/imx-yocto-bsp $ DISTRO=fsl-imx-xwayland MACHINE=<machine> source imx-setup-release.sh -b <build directory> $ bitbake -c devshell virtual/kernel (it will open a new window) On Devshell window. $ make dtbs (after finished, close the Devshell window) On host machine. $ bitbake -c compile -f virtual/kernel $ bitbake -c deploy -f virtual/kernel This process will compile all the device tree files linked to the machine declared on setup environment and your device tree files will be deployed on the next path: ~/imx-yocto-bsp/<build directory>/tmp/deploy/images/<machine> I hope this article will be helpful. Best regards. Jorge.
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SoC: i.MX8MP LDP: Ubuntu22.04 and Ubuntu 20.04 Yocto: 6.1.22 mickledore   This doc includes two parts: 1)How to enable qt5 in LDP 2)How to enable qt5 in Yocto Linux 6.1.22     How to use qt5 in LDP(Linux Distribution Poc): The gcc and glibc is diffrent from Yocto Linux and Linux Distribution Poc. To cross compile the file between Linux and Ubuntu, we need to care about that.   To full enable the GPU usage of QT lib, please use "-gles" libs by apt-get command. Qt source code is not suggested, for it has not been tested. Building Qt5, for example: sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get -y install libqt5gui5-gles sudo apt-get -y install libqt5quick5-gles sudo apt-get -y install qtbase5-gles-dev   opengles test case glmark: sudo apt-get -y install glmark2-es2-wayland How to find the missing lib for apt-get: sudo apt-get install apt-file apt-file search xx   open wifi if needed NXP internal internet has limitation: sudo modprobe moal mod_para=nxp/wifi_mod_para.conf   and add "nameserver 8.8.8.8" in vi /etc/resolv.conf. You can also try:  echo "nameserver 8.8.8.8" | sudo tee /etc/resolv.conf > /dev/null   some times system time is not automatically update, and that cause apt-get update fail User and choose manually configure it by: sudo date -s "2023-08-31 14:00:00"   For Chinese support for ubuntu, please use: sudo apt-get install ttf-wqy-microhei ttf-wqy-zenhei xfonts-wqy   possible env path you need to export: XDG_RUNTIME_DIR="/run/user/1000" export QT_QPA_PLATFORM=wayland   User can choose root login by command like: user@imx8mpevk:~$ sudo passwd New password: Retype new password:   please use qmake to build qt project: 1)qmake -o Makefile HelloWorld.pro 2)make   some other qt libs: sudo apt-get install -y qtwayland5 sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qtquick-controls sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qtquick-controls2 sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qtcharts sudo apt-get install -y libqt5multimedia5 sudo apt-get install -y libqt5serialport5 sudo apt-get install -y libqt5script5 sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qt-labs-settings sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qt-labs-platform sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qtmultimedia sudo apt-get install -y libqt5webengine5 sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qtwebengine sudo apt-get install -y qml-module-qtquick-dialogs     How to enable qt5 in Yocto 6.1.22: 1.download meta-qt5 git clone https://github.com/meta-qt5/meta-qt5.git git checkout origin/mickledore   copy Yocto version 5.10.72_2.2.0 sources\meta-imx\meta-sdk\dynamic-layers\qt5-layer to the same path of Yocto 6.1.22   2.apply two patches qt5-1.patch: modify the path from qt6 to qt5 qt5-2.patch: modify the qt5 related in meta-imx, including: 1)Yocto grammer update,from "_" to ":";  2)NXP grammer,from mx8 to mx8-nxp-sdk;  3)remove gstreamer1.0-plugins-good-qt, for qt5 has been natively added into gst-plugin-good-1.22(which is not in 1.18)   3.after input command like "DISTRO=fsl-imx-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mp-lpddr4-evk source imx-setup-release.sh -b build-xwayland", comment the "meta-nxp-demo-experience"   # i.MX Yocto Project Release layers BBLAYERS += "${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-imx/meta-bsp" BBLAYERS += "${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-imx/meta-sdk" BBLAYERS += "${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-imx/meta-ml" BBLAYERS += "${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-imx/meta-v2x" #BBLAYERS += "${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-nxp-demo-experience"      
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Hello everyone! In this quick example its focused on how to customize uboot code to generate an uboot image with a silent console so its speed up the flash and boot time, this may provide helpful for customers who have a bigger images or just want to have a silent console. Note: this should not be enabled if the image is still being under test, since this will disable all communication with the debug terminal and there won't be boot messages. Requirements: I.MX 8M Nano DDR4 EVK i.MX 8M Nano EVK Prebuilt image (6.1.1-1.0.0) UUU tool First clone the code from the uboot repository: $ git clone https://github.com/nxp-imx/uboot-imx -b lf-6.1.1-1.0.0 $ cd uboot-imx After we get the code, then proceed to enable the silent console in the uboot defconfig: $ nano configs/imx8mn_ddr4_evk_defconfig CONFIG_SILENT_CONSOLE=y CONFIG_SILENT_U_BOOT_ONLY=y For this to actually work we need to create the silent environmental variable and give it a value different from "0": $ nano include/configs/imx8mn_evk.h "silent=1\0"      \ As specified in our Linux porting guide: Generate an SDK from the Yocto Project build environment with the following command. To set up the Yocto Project build environment, follow the steps in the i.MX Yocto Project User's Guide (IMXLXYOCTOUG). In the following command, set Target-Machine to the machine you are building for. See Section "Build configurations" in the i.MX Yocto Project User's Guide (IMXLXYOCTOUG) Set up the host terminal window toolchain environment: $ source/opt/fsl-imx-xwayland/6.1.1/environment-setup-aarch64-poky-linux $ export ARCH=arm64 Build uboot binary: $ make distclean $ make imx8mn_ddr4_evk_defconfig $ make Build ARM Trusted Firmware (ATF) $ cd .. $ git clone https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-atf -b lf-6.1.1-1.0.0 $ cd imx-atf/ $ make PLAT=imx8mn bl31 In case you get the error aarch64-poky-linux-ld.bfd: unrecognized option '-Wl,-O1' $ unset LDFLAGS Download the DDR training & HDMI binaries $ cd .. $ mkdir firmware-imx $ cd firmware-imx $ wget https://www.nxp.com/lgfiles/NMG/MAD/YOCTO/firmware-imx-8.19.bin $ chmod a+x firmware-imx-8.19.bin $ ./firmware-imx-8.19.bin Accept EULA and the firmware will be deployed. Download imx-mkimage and build the boot image $ cd .. $ git clone https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-mkimage -b lf-6.1.1-1.0.0 $ cd imx-mkimage $ cp ../uboot-imx/spl/u-boot-spl.bin iMX8M/ $ cp ../uboot-imx/u-boot-nodtb.bin iMX8M/ $ cp ../uboot-imx/arch/arm/dts/imx8mn-ddr4-evk.dtb iMX8M/ $ cp ../imx-atf/build/imx8mn/release/bl31.bin iMX8M/ $ cp ../firmware-imx/firmware-imx-8.19/firmware/ddr/synopsys/ddr4_* iMX8M/ $ cp ../uboot-imx/tools/mkimage iMX8M/mkimage_uboot $ make SOC=iMX8MN flash_ddr4_evk After this we can download our uboot image to our board, we can either use the uboot image for boot or for flashing purpose only. We can compare the time it takes using UUU with a standard pre-built image uuu -V -b emmc_all imx-boot-imx8mn-ddr4-evk-sd.bin-flash_ddr4_evk imx-image-full-imx8mnevk.wic It takes 485.5 seconds using normal uboot with debug console enabled. uuu -V -b emmc_all flash.bin imx-image-full-imx8mnevk.wic It takes 477.5 seconds using silent uboot console. Even if the speed is not greatly improved (~8 seconds), in larger files it could help to speed up flashing, even if wants to have the console silent is a good option. Hope everyone finds this useful! For any question regarding this document, please create a community thread and tag me if needed. Saludos/Regards, Aldo.
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GUI Guider version: 1.6.0 LVGL version: v8.3.5 Host software requirements: Ubuntu 20.04, Ubuntu 22.04 or Debian 12 Hardware requirements: Evaluation Kit for the i.MX 93 Applications Processor. (i.MX 93 Evaluation Kit | NXP Semiconductors) On this guide we will use the IMX-MIPI-HDMI accessory board to connect the iMX93 with a HDMI Monitor. (IMX-MIPI-HDMI Product Information|NXP) This board is usually provided with the iMX8M Mini and the iMX8M Nano.  Steps: 1. Copy your project from the folder GUI-Guider-Projects to your Linux PC.  2. Build an image for iMX93 using The Yocto Project.    a. Based on iMX Yocto Porject Users Guide set directories and download the repo $ mkdir imx-bsp-6.1.1-1.0.0 $ cd imx-bsp-6.1.1-1.0.0 $ repo init -u https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-manifest -b imx-linux-langdale -m imx-6.1.1-1.0.0.xml $ repo sync Use distro fsl-imx-xwayland and select machine imx93evk and use this commnad with a build folder name: $ MACHINE=imx93evk DISTRO=fsl-imx-xwayland source ./imx-setup-release.sh - b bld-imx93evk b. Use bitbake command to start the build process. Also, add the -c populate_sdk to get the toolchain. $ bitbake imx-image-multimedia -c populate_sdk  c. Install the Yocto toolchain located on <build-folder>/tmp/deploy/sdk/.  $ sudo sh ./fsl-imx-xwayland-glibc-x86_64-imx-image-multimedia-armv8a-imx93evk-toolchain-6.1-langdale.sh d. Install ninja utility on the build host $ sudo apt install ninja-build e. For Ubuntu 20.04 and Ubuntu 22.04, copy the lv_conf.h file from lvgl-simulator to lvgl $ cp lvgl-simulator/lv_conf.h lvgl/ f. Change the interpreter on build.sh from #!/bin/sh to #!/bin/bash. This is an important step! g. Then, enter to linux folder and use the following commands to make build.sh executable $ dos2unix build.sh $ chmod +x build.sh h. Execute the build.sh $ ./build.sh i. Copy the binary to the iMX93 using a USB or SCP.  2. On the target iMX93 follow these steps. a. On Uboot, use fatls interface device:partition fatls mmc 0:1 (Device 0 : Partition 1) With this command, we will be able to list device tree files. => fatls mmc 0:1 b. Select imx93-11x11-evk-rm67199.dtb and use the command editenv fdtfile  => editenv fdtfile Output example edit: imx93-11x11-evk-rm67199.dtb c. In edit command line put the selected device tree .dtb d. Use saveenv command to save environment and continue with the boot process. e. Finally, run the GUI Application $ ./gui_guider&   I hope this article will be helpful. Best regards, Brian.
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Hello everyone, We have recently migrated our Source code from CAF (Codeaurora) to Github, so i.MX NXP old recipes/manifest that point to Codeaurora eventually will be modified so it points correctly to Github to avoid any issues while fetching using Yocto. Also, all repo init commands for old releases should be changed from: $ repo init -u https://source.codeaurora.org/external/imx/imx-manifest -b <branch name> [ -m <release manifest>] To: $ repo init -u https://github.com/nxp-imx/imx-manifest -b <branch name> [ -m <release manifest>] This will also apply to all source code that was stored in Codeaurora, the new repository for all i.MX NXP source code is: https://github.com/nxp-imx For any issues regarding this, please create a community thread and/or a support ticket. Regards, Aldo.
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On behalf of Gopise Yuan. A collection of several GST debugging tips and known-how. When you need to play onto a DRM layer/plane directly without going through compositor, kmssink should be a good choice: // kmssink, with scale and adjust alpha property (opaque) and zpos (this requires kmssink>=1.16): gst-launch-1.0 filesrc location=/media/AVC-AAC-720P-3M_Alan.mov ! decodebin ! imxvideoconvert_g2d ! kmssink plane-id=37 render-rectangle="<100,100,720,480>" can-scale=false plane-properties=s,alpha=65535,zpos=2 When using playbin, you can still customize the pipeline besides the sink plugin, e.g. add a converter plugin: // Playbin with additional customization on converter before sink: gst-launch-1.0 playbin uri=file:///mnt/MP4_H264_AAC_1920x1080.mp4 video-sink="imxvideoconvert_g2d ! video/x-raw,format=BGRA,width=1920,height=1080 ! kmssink plane-id=44" GST can generate a pipeline graph for analyzing the pipeline in a intuitive manner: // Generate pipeline graph: 1. Export GST_DEBUG_DUMP_DOT_DIR=<dump-folder>, GST_DEBUG=4 2. Run pipeline with gst-launch or others. 3. Copy all dump files (.dot) from <dump-folder>. Note: one dump file will be created for each state transaction. Normally, what we need will be PAUSE_READY or READY_PAUSE, after which pipeline has been setup. 4. Convert the .dot file to PDF with Graphviz: dot -Tpdf 0.00.03.685443250-gst-launch.PAUSED_READY.dot > pipeline_PAUSED_READY.pdf  
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  Anyone who want to use this solution should get reference design and firmware from Lontium. Hardware Here is the block diagram of LT9611UXC Demo Board. As the MIPI port of our EVK can provide 5V, 3V3 and 1V8.We can remove useless DC-DC chips from reference design. Below is the LT9611UXC Demo Board. Software Download the firmware into LT9611UXC. In Linux side, we need to drive the MIPI to output signals with standard timings of 1080P. Panel type diff --git a/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mp-evk.dts b/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mp-evk.dts index 1732b5c72380..c6a829be541f 100644 --- a/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mp-evk.dts +++ b/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8mp-evk.dts @@ -696,13 +716,17 @@ &ldb_phy { &mipi_dsi { status = "okay"; + panel@0{ + compatible = "nxp,lt9611uxc"; + reg = <0>; + status = "okay"; }; }; &snvs_pwrkey { diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c index 4f78bbf63f33..90d99f12515b 100644 --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/panel/panel-simple.c @@ -4997,6 +4997,34 @@ struct panel_desc_dsi { unsigned int lanes; }; +static const struct drm_display_mode lt9611_panel_mode = { + .clock = 148500, + .hdisplay = 1920, + .hsync_start = 1920 + 88, + .hsync_end = 1920 + 88 + 44, + .htotal = 1920 + 88 + 44 + 148, + .vdisplay = 1080, + .vsync_start = 1080 + 4, + .vsync_end = 1080 + 4 + 5, + .vtotal = 1080 + 4 + 5 + 36, +}; + +static const struct panel_desc_dsi lt9611_panel = { + .desc = { + .modes = &lt9611_panel_mode, + .num_modes = 1, + .bpc = 8, + .size = { + .width = 62, + .height = 110, + }, + .connector_type = DRM_MODE_CONNECTOR_DSI, + }, + .flags = MIPI_DSI_MODE_VIDEO_HSE | MIPI_DSI_MODE_VIDEO | MIPI_DSI_MODE_NO_EOT_PACKET | MIPI_DSI_MODE_VIDEO_SYNC_PULSE, + .format = MIPI_DSI_FMT_RGB888, + .lanes = 4, +}; + static const struct drm_display_mode auo_b080uan01_mode = { .clock = 154500, .hdisplay = 1200, @@ -5201,6 +5229,9 @@ static const struct panel_desc_dsi osd101t2045_53ts = { static const struct of_device_id dsi_of_match[] = { { + .compatible = "nxp,lt9611uxc", + .data = &lt9611_panel, + },{ .compatible = "auo,b080uan01", .data = &auo_b080uan01 }, {
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BSP: L5.15.5_1.0.0 Platform: i.MX8MPlus EVK Background   The function lpddr4_mr_read in BSP always return zero and this casue the customer can't use it to read MR registers in DRAM. This is a simple demo for reading MR registers. Patch Code   diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/arch-imx8m/ddr.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/arch-imx8m/ddr.h index 0f1e832c03..fd68996a23 100644 --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/arch-imx8m/ddr.h +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/arch-imx8m/ddr.h @@ -721,6 +721,8 @@ int wait_ddrphy_training_complete(void); void ddrphy_init_set_dfi_clk(unsigned int drate); void ddrphy_init_read_msg_block(enum fw_type type); +unsigned int lpddr4_mr_read(unsigned int mr_rank, unsigned int mr_addr); + void update_umctl2_rank_space_setting(unsigned int pstat_num); void get_trained_CDD(unsigned int fsp); diff --git a/board/freescale/imx8mp_evk/spl.c b/board/freescale/imx8mp_evk/spl.c index 33bbbc09ac..85e40ffbbe 100644 --- a/board/freescale/imx8mp_evk/spl.c +++ b/board/freescale/imx8mp_evk/spl.c @@ -150,6 +150,40 @@ int board_fit_config_name_match(const char *name) return 0; } #endif +void lpddr4_get_info() +{ + int i = 0, attempts = 5; + + unsigned int ddr_info = 0; + unsigned int regs[] = { 5, 6, 7, 8 }; + + for(i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(regs); i++){ + unsigned int data = 0; + data = lpddr4_mr_read(0xF,regs[i]); + ddr_info <<= 8; + ddr_info += (data & 0xFF); + switch (i) + { + case 0: + printf("DRAM INFO : Manufacturer ID = 0x%x",ddr_info); + if(ddr_info & 0Xff) + printf(", Micron\n"); + break; + case 1: + printf("DRAM INFO : Revision ID1 = 0x%x\n",ddr_info); + break; + case 2: + printf("DRAM INFO : Revision ID2 = 0x%x\n",ddr_info); + break; + case 3: + printf("DRAM INFO : I/O Width and Density = 0x%x\n",ddr_info); + break; + default: + break; + } + } + +} void board_init_f(ulong dummy) { @@ -187,6 +221,8 @@ void board_init_f(ulong dummy) /* DDR initialization */ spl_dram_init(); + + lpddr4_get_info(); board_init_r(NULL, 0); } diff --git a/drivers/ddr/imx/imx8m/ddrphy_utils.c b/drivers/ddr/imx/imx8m/ddrphy_utils.c index 326b92d784..f45eeaf552 100644 --- a/drivers/ddr/imx/imx8m/ddrphy_utils.c +++ b/drivers/ddr/imx/imx8m/ddrphy_utils.c @@ -194,8 +194,15 @@ unsigned int lpddr4_mr_read(unsigned int mr_rank, unsigned int mr_addr) tmp = reg32_read(DRC_PERF_MON_MRR0_DAT(0)); } while ((tmp & 0x8) == 0); tmp = reg32_read(DRC_PERF_MON_MRR1_DAT(0)); - tmp = tmp & 0xff; reg32_write(DRC_PERF_MON_MRR0_DAT(0), 0x4); + + while (tmp) { //try to find a significant byte in the word + if (tmp & 0xff) { + tmp &= 0xff; + break; + } + tmp >>= 8; + } return tmp; }     Test Result  
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