Instrumenting A Board To instrument a board, the connection between the power supply and the target device needs to be broken, usually via a series resistor that's placed on the board. Sometimes the inductor needs to be lifted if no series resistor was included on the rail by the board's designer. In the ideal case, through-hole connections were also provided on the board for the connection of these off-board sensors. Here are three close-up photos that show several boards that have been instrumented: In all three cases, the sensors stand in place via the two outer current carrying wires. The middle and right used insulated wires where as the one on the left used bare wires. In all three cases, the sensor's + connection needs to go towards the power supply and the - connection goes to the target device. The outer wires here are 24-26 gauge. (The relatively heavy gauge wire is used to keep the series resistance of inserting a smart sensor to a minimum.) The ground connection is the middle hole of the smart sensor. In the left and middle photos, a 30 gauge wire connects to the middle hole ground connection on the board. In the right photo, the ground wire was more conveniently added to a big cap just below the bottom of edge of the photo. Here are wider angle view photos of two of the boards above: The sensors on the left are free-standing since the current carrying wires are stiff enough to hold them upright. Care must be taken since too much flexing will cause a wire to break. Too much bending can also cause a short to the board (and that's why insulated wires were used on these boards). The board on the right has the sensors laying parallel to the board. They are not affixed to the board, but a wire is wrapped around the bundle of ribbon cables out of view past the right edge of the photo. For boards without the through hole connections, the smart sensors need to be immobilized to keep from pulling the SMT pads off the board. If there is room on the board or sides of connectors or large components, the sensors may be attached down with foam double-sticky tape (see photo below, sensor affixed on top i.MX7ULP): For boards where there are no convenient unpopulated areas or there are too many sensors, some other means needs to be devised to immoblize the smart sensors. In the left photo below, two inductors per sensor have been flipped and the two sensors inserted to instrument the two rails. The solder pads on the inductors would easily be broken off by any movement of the smart sensors, so a cage with clamps to hold the ribbon cables was 3D printed. On the back side, there is room for the aggregator to be zip tied to the bottom plate, so the instrumented board can be moved as a single unit with minimal flexing of the ribbon cables.
When you do long test (days or weeks) test on i.MX board and your test fails, you often wants to know what has happen with a JTAG probe. The problem is when you have 50 boards running in parallel, you don't have the budget to have 50 JTAG debug probe. If you do a "hot plug" of your JTAG probe, you have roughly one chance out 2 to reset your board... so you'll have to wait another couple of hour to resee the problem. Anyway to have a reliable JTAG plug with no reset, it is really simple... cut the RESET line on your cable! then you'll still be able to "attach" to your i.MX. On the MEK board, with a 10-pin JTAG connector, you have the cut the cable line 10 of the ribbon cable: On the cable, cut the reset line like this: With my Lauterbach JTAG probe, when I do a "hot plug" I never have a reset of my i.MX. BR Vincent
The Linux L4.14.98_1.0.0_GA; and SDK2.5 for 8QM/8QXP Post GA, SDK2.5.1 for 7ULP GA3 release are now available. Linux on IMX_SW web page, Overview -> BSP Updates and Releases -> Linux L4.14.98_2.0.0 SDK on https://mcuxpresso.nxp.com Files available: Linux: # Name Description 1 imx-yocto-L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga.zip L4.14.98_2.0.0 for Linux BSP Documentation. Includes Release Notes, User Guide. 2 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX6QPDLSOLOX.zip i.MX 6QuadPlus, i.MX 6Quad, i.MX 6DualPlus, i.MX 6Dual, i.MX 6DualLite, i.MX 6Solo, i.MX 6Solox Linux Binary Demo Files 3 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX6SLLEVK.zip i.MX 6SLL EVK Linux Binary Demo Files 4 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX6UL7D.zip i.MX 6UltraLite EVK, 7Dual SABRESD, 6ULL EVK Linux Binary Demo Files 5 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX7DSABRESD.zip i.MX 7Dual SABRESD Linux Binary Demo Files 6 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX7ULPEVK.zip i.MX 7ULP EVK Linux Binary Demo Files 7 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8MMEVK.zip i.MX 8MMini EVK Linux Binary Demo Files 8 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8MQEVK.zip i.MX 8MQuad EVK Linux Binary Demo files 9 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8QMMEK.zip i.MX 8QMax MEK Linux Binary Demo files 10 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8QXPMEK.zip i.MX 8QXPlus MEK Linux Binary Demo files 11 imx-scfw-porting-kit-1.2.tar.gz System Controller Firmware (SCFW) porting kit of L4.14.98_2.0.0 12 imx-aacpcodec-4.4.5.tar.gz Linux AAC Plus Codec v4.4.5 13 VivanteVTK-v6.2.4.p220.127.116.11.tgz Vivante Tool Kit v6.2.4.p18.104.22.168 SDK: On https://mcuxpresso.nxp.com/, c lick the Select Development Board , EVK-MCIMX7ULP//MEK-MIMX8QM/MEK-MIMX-8QX to customize the SDK based on your configuration then download the SDK package. Target board: MX 8 Series MX 8QuadXPlus MEK Board MX 8QuadMax MEK Board MX 8M Quad EVK Board MX 8M Mini EVK Board MX 7 Series MX 7Dual SABRE-SD Board MX 7ULP EVK Board MX 6 Series MX 6QuadPlus SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6Quad SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6DualLite SDP SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6SoloX SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6UltraLite EVK Board MX 6ULL EVK Board MX 6ULZ EVK Board MX 6SLL EVK Board What’s New/Features: Please consult the Release Notes. Known issues For known issues and more details please consult the Release Notes. More information on changes of Yocto, see: README: https://source.codeaurora.org/external/imx/imx-manifest/tree/README?h=imx-linux-sumo ChangeLog: https://source.codeaurora.org/external/imx/imx-manifest/tree/ChangeLog?h=imx-linux-sumo#
The following document contains a list of document, questions and discussions that are relevant in the community based on amount of views. If you are having a problem, doubt or getting started in i.MX processors, you should check the following links to see if your doubt is in there. Yocto Project Freescale Yocto Project main page Yocto Training - HOME i.MX Yocto Project: Frequently Asked Questions Useful bitbake commands Yocto Project Package Management - smart How to add a new layer and a new recipe in Yocto Setting up the Eclipse IDE for Yocto Application Development Guide to the .sdcard format Yocto NFS & TFTP boot YOCTO project clean Yocto with a package manager (ex: apt-get) Yocto Setting the Default Ethernet address and disable DHCP on boot. i.MX x Building QT for i.MX6 i.MX6/7 DDR Stress Test Tool V3.00 i.MX6DQSDL DDR3 Script Aid Installing Ubuntu Rootfs on NXP i.MX6 boards iMX6DQ MAX9286 MIPI CSI2 720P camera surround view solution for Linux BSP i.MX Design&Tool Lists Simple GPIO Example - quandry i.MX6 GStreamer-imx Plugins - Tutorial & Example Pipelines Streaming USB Webcam over Network Step-by-step: How to setup TI Wilink (WL18xx) with iMX6 Linux 3.10.53 Linux / Kernel Copying Files Between Windows and Linux using PuTTY Building Linux Kernel Patch to support uboot logo keep from uboot to kernel for NXP Linux and Android BSP (HDMI, LCD and LVDS) load kernel from SD card in U-boot Changing the Kernel configuration for i.MX6 SABRE Android The Android Booting process What is inside the init.rc and what is it used for. Others How to use qtmultimedia(QML) with Gstreamer 1.0
This document shows the steps for the creation of Archlinux and kernel 4.18.5 on the UDOO board. Required material: UDOO board, Ubuntu 16.04 and SD card. Firts we need u-boot (universal bootloader), for that reason we need update the host. $ sudo apt-get update Then we need the file *.img and SPL for the file system $ wget http://os.archlinuxarm.org/os/imx6/boot/udoo/SPL $ wget http://os.archlinuxarm.org/os/imx6/boot/udoo/u-boot.img Kernel 4.18.5 and file system: $ sudo mkdir archlinux $ wget http ://os.archlinuxarm.org/os/ArchLinuxARM-armv7-latest.tar.gz $ sudo tar -xzvf ArchLinuxARM-armv7-latest.tar.gz $ sudo rm -rf *.tar.gz You must have the following files Now We are going to burn the memory, we need a 16Gb of space: We need to make sure it is empty Then partitions: $ sudo fdisk /dev/sdc O, P, N, P, 1 space, 8192 default, W At the end the sdc is partition, then create the filesystem partition $ sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdc1 The working directory $ sudo mkdir mnt mount the partition 1 $ sudo mount /devsdc1 mtn/ Now we where the kernel and filesystem are and copy all the file in mnt: $ sudo cp -vr * ~/mnt/ Once it finish we execute $ sync then unmount the partition of sdc1: $ sudo umount mnt/ Now is moment to load the SPL and u-boot: and $ sync we retire the sd and turn on the board. Now you are on ArchLinux. user: alarm root: Root Pass: alarm pass: root Now the firts thing we must do it is upgrade the keys: $ pacman -key --init $ pacman -key --populate archlinuxarm $ pacman -Syyuu We can add another user: $ useradd - m -g user -s /bin/bash user_name $ passwd user_name $ paman -S sudo $ visudo Root ALL= (ALL) ALL user_name ALL=(ALL) ALL $ exit For the graphic we are going to install the xorg: $ sudo pacman -S xorg-server $ sudo pacman -S xorg-apps Now we can execute startx and observe the windows of xorg $ startx To have a windows gestor: $ sudo pacman -S sddm $ sudo pacman -S plasma kde-applications $ sudo systemctl enable sddm Reboot and you are ArchLinux graphics windows
meta-avs-demos Yocto layer meta-avs-demos is a Yocto meta layer (complementary to the NXP BSP release for i.MX) published on CodeAurora that includes the additional required packages to support Amazon's Alexa Voice Services SDK (AVS_SDK) applications. The build procedure is the described on the README.md of the corresponding branch. We have 2 fuctional branches now: imx-alexa-sdk: Support for Morty based i.mx releases imx7d-pico-avs-sdk_4.1.15-1.0.0: legacy support for Jethro releases The master branch is only used to collect manifest files, that used with repo init/sync commands will fetch the whole environment for the 2 special supported boards: i.MX7D Pico Pi and i.MX8M EVK. However the meta-avs-demos can be used with any i.MX board either. Recipes to include Amazon's Alexa Voice Services in your applications. The meta-avs-demos provides the required recipes to build an i.MX image with the support for running Alexa SDK. The imx-alexa-sdk branch is based on Morty and kernel 4.9.X and it supports the next builds: i.MX7D Pico P i i.MX8M EVK Generic i.MX board For the i.MX7D Pico Pi and i.MX8M EVK there is an extended support for additional (external) Sound Cards like: TechNexion VoiceHat: 2Mic Array board with DSPConcepts SW support Synaptics Card: 2 Mic with Sensory WakeWord support The Generic i.MX is for any other regular i.MX board supported on the official NXP BSP releases. Only the default soundcard (embedded) on the board is supported. Sensory wakeword is currently only enabled for those with ARMV7 architecture. To support any external board like the VoiceHat or Synaptics is up to the user to include the additional patches/changes required. Build Instructions Follow the corresponding README file to follow the steps to build an image with Alexa SDK support README-IMX7D-PICOPI.md README-IMX8M-EVK.md README-IMX-GENERIC.md
NOTE: Always de-power the target board and the aggregator when plugging or unplugging smart sensors from the aggregator. The aggregator portion of the i.MX Power Profiling System sits between the "smart" current sensor boards and the host computer. It provides power and signal connections to each connected sensor board. The communication is done over I2C, where three I2C bus extenders (PCA9518) effectively provide a dedicated bus to each I2C device, to better allow for cabling. More information will follow... A photo, layout images and schematic attached below. MBED source for the FRDM-KL25Z is available here: 30848-KL25Z-AGGREGATOR Smart Sensor Connections At each smart sensor header JP0-JP13, these are the connections provided: 5V: powers the 3.3V regulator on each sensor board 12V: all the gates of all the switching FETs are pulled pulled up to 12V GND: ground connection SCL/TX0: I2C clock line SDA/RX0: I2C data line SWD_CLK: global line for triggering smart sensors to make measurements RESET_B: global line for resetting all smart sensor boards SWD_IO_n: individual select line for each smart sensor I2C Bus Connection Three I2C bus extenders (PCA9518) provide buffered connections between the FRDM board and all the connected smart sensors. The bus extenders were added to allow for longer cables between the aggregator and the smart sensor boards. Each bus extender has five ports and along with connections that allow extending the bus to more bus extenders. Gate Supply The aggregator contains a boost regulator that boost the 5V input from the FRDM board to 12V. The boosted voltage is fed to each of the smart sensor headers. It's used by the smart sensor board to pull up the gates of the switching FETs above any of the rails under test by at least 4.5V in order to benefit from a lower Rds(on). Caution must be exercised with some older FRDM boards since the 5V from the USB connection passes through diodes with a maximum current of 200mA. The boost regulator and the load presented by the smart sensor boards may exceed the diode's limit and damage it. (Yes, it's happened... two older FRDM-KL25Z boards were used during development. One of them failed with the diode shorted (~0.05 Ohms), so everything kept working. The other failed with a short of ~45 Ohms, so it kind of worked but not really...) Application Code for Aggregator To date, application code has only been developed for the FRDM-KL25Z board. The latest application code resides at: https://os.mbed.com/users/r14793/code/30848-KL25Z-AGGREGATOR/, with the latest binary attached below. SWD Programming of Smart Sensors Connectors J5 and JP15 are provided as an adapter for programming the smart sensor boards via SWD. JP15 provides power to the smart sensor board, since they have no direct 3.3V input for the KL05Z. An SWD programmer (or suitably modified FRDM-KL05Z board) connects to J5. Both connections use 10-pin 0.05"-spaced ribbon cables. Additionally, when a smart sensor is connected to JP15, J6 provides access to the UART pins of the smart sensor (the I2C pins on the smart sensor also mux out the UART of the KL05Z). No hardware changes are necessary at all; changing the code running on the smart sensor is all that's required. In fact, during the initial prototyping of the smart sensors, the serial UART connection was used instead of I2C. Modify Aggregator To Use SWD Dongle To Program Smart Sensor: Add a wire as shown on the bottom side of the aggregator board as shown below. This ties 3.3V on the aggregator to the debug header, enabling the voltage level translators on the dongle to communicate with the KL05Z on the smart sensor board.
NOTE: Always de-power the target board and the aggregator when plugging or unplugging smart sensors from the aggregator. NOTE: See this link to instrument a board with a Smart Sensor. Overview The i.MX Power Profiler system consists of one to fourteen "smart" current sensors, an aggregator shield, and a Kinetis FRDM board (the FRDM-KL25 has been used in prototyping but the FRDM-K64F and FRDM-K66F should also be fully compatible). One of the biggest improvements of this system over its preceeding dual-range measurement system is that the microcontroller on each sensor board allows near-simultaneous measurement of all instrumented rails on a board. The dual range profiler has only a single MCU for all sensors, so only one measurement can be made at a time. It is intended to be used to instrument one to fourteen rails of a target i.MX appliation board. Ideally, the target board will have been designed with a matching/mating power sense footprint for each rail to be measured. Each smart sensor can sense current in three ranges with three current sense amplifiers. They are "smart" because each sensor board has a Kinetis KL05Z on it to control the switching FETs and to digitize the analog signals (the sense amplifier outputs and the target's power supply rail voltage). A 1% voltage regulator on each smart sensor provides a good voltage reference right next to the KL05Z to ensure better ADC accuracy. Each smart sensor board communicates via I2C. The aggregator shield has three I2C bus extenders (PCA9518) which essentially provide a dedicated I2C bus for each of the connected smart sensors. The FRDM board's I2C is also connected to one of the bus extenders ports. Individual GPIO lines are routed to each smart sensor's connected along with a ganged reset and trigger line for all of the connected smart sensors. A boost regulator generates almost 12V from the FRDM board's 5V supply, which is used for all the switching FETs on the smart sensor boards. The FRDM board's 5V rail is also routed to each smart sensor, which is regulated down to 3.3V locally on each connected smart sensor. Here is a photo of the very first prototypes after moving to 10-pin 0.05" spaced headers and ribbon cables instead of FFC: The smart sensor is intended to mate with through-hole current sense tap points on the target i.MX application board. Three holes spaced at 0.05" each. When not instrumented with sensor, a short needs to be placed across the outer two pins so that the board will function normally. The through hole connections provide physical protection to the target board, keeping traces from getting ripped off. The ground connection in the center provides a reference for meauring the rail voltage on the target board. A partial layout example of the implementation of the current sense footprint is below, where two 0805 shorting resistors in parallel are placed on each side of the holes. The top trace connects to the regulator output and the bottom to the load, usually an i.MX power supply rail. To include the current sense footprint into a board during the design phase, it should be configured as in the following partial schematic: Every effort should be made to place the feedback on the i.MX side of the sense points so that the regulator compensates for the additional series resistance of the smart sensor, which effectively eliminates the additional series resistance the smart sensor adds. The Feedback should be before the smart sensor if the switching supply won't tolerate the additional series resistance (i.e., output becomes unstable).