i.MX Processors Knowledge Base

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i.MX Processors Knowledge Base

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In case you missed our recent webinar, you can check out the slides and comment below with any questions.
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   Recently, some customers encountered the problem that compilation failed when compiling l4.14.98-2.0.0 fsl-imx-waylan + fsl-image-qt5-validation-imx in Ubuntu 18.04 environment. In fact, compiling QT image is a very time-consuming process, especially in the process of compiling, errors need to be handled, which will be more time-consuming. The following compilation took four days to complete. 1. Environment Linux Host : ubuntu 18.04 LTS Virtual Machine: VMware workstatin Player 12 images: fsl-imx-waylan + fsl-image-qt5-validation-imx Hardware: imx8mqevk Linux BSP verison: L4.14.98-2.0.0 2. Steps (1) Installation of Ubuntu 18.04 2. Update software 3. Installing software package for compiling BSP # sudo apt-get install flex # sudo apt-get install bison # sudo apt-get install gperf # sudo apt-get install build-essential # sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev # sudo apt-get install lib32ncurses5-dev # sudo apt-get install x11proto-core-dev # sudo apt-get install libx11-dev # sudo apt-get install lib32z1-dev # sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev # sudo apt-get install tofrodos # sudo apt-get install python-markdown # sudo apt-get install libxml2-utils # sudo apt-get install xsltproc          # sudo apt-get install uuid-dev:i386 liblzo2-dev:i386 # sudo apt-get install gcc-multilib g++-multilib # sudo apt-get install subversion # sudo apt-get install openssh-server openssh-client # sudo apt-get install uuid uuid-dev # sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev liblz-dev # sudo apt-get install liblzo2-2 liblzo2-dev # sudo apt-get install lzop # sudo apt-get install git-core curl # sudo apt-get install u-boot-tools # sudo apt-get install mtd-utils # sudo apt-get install android-tools-fsutils # sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk # sudo apt-get install device-tree-compiler # sudo apt-get install aptitude # sudo aptitude install libcurl4-openssl-dev nss-updatedb   From i.MX_Yocto_Project_User's_Guide.pdf : # sudo apt-get install gawk wget git-core diffstat unzip texinfo gcc-multilib \ build-essential chrpath socat libsdl1.2-dev   4. Downloading Yocto BSP according to steps in i.MX_Yocto_Project_User's_Guide.pdf 5 . Compiling L4.14.98-2.0.0 BSP # cd ~/imx-yocto-bsp # DISTRO=fsl-imx-wayland MACHINE=imx8mqevk source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-wayland # bitbake fsl-image-qt5-validation-imx In the process of compilation, there have been many "fetch errors", which are caused by disconnection or timeout of network connection. We just need to run the bitmake command again in the build Wayland subdirectory to continue the compilation. # bitbake fsl-image-qt5-validation-imx          Fetching errors below were what I encountered:          The following picture is to re-run “ bitbake fsl-image-qt5-validation-imx ” after fetch errors occurred.          In order to improve the speed of compilation , I re-configured vmware player, assigning 6 CPU cores for Ubuntu.          Compilation is a long and arduous process. It took 4 days to compile normally with error handling. Finally, the compilation was completed. NXP TIC Team Weidong Sun 2019-11-02
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Hello everyone, this document will explain on how to use the UUU (Universal Update Utility) tool to flash Linux to an i.MX device (i.MX 8MM).   Requirements:   MX 8M Mini EVK UUU tool documentation, available here Linux Binary Demo Files - i.MX 8MMini EVK UUU 1.2.135 binary Serial console emulator (tera term or putty)   UUU auto script For this example is used the L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga demo image for the i.MX 8MM, inside the demo image we will find the auto script, which by default flash the eMMC of the board, the structure of the script is as following   /***********************************************************************************/ uuu_version 1.2.39   # This command will be run when i.MX6/7 i.MX8MM, i.MX8MQ SDP: boot -f imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk   # This command will be run when ROM support stream mode # i.MX8QXP, i.MX8QM SDPS: boot -f imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk   # These commands will be run when use SPL and will be skipped if no spl # SDPU will be deprecated. please use SDPV instead of SDPU # { SDPU: delay 1000 SDPU: write -f imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk -offset 0x57c00 SDPU: jump # }   # These commands will be run when use SPL and will be skipped if no spl # if (SPL support SDPV) # { SDPV: delay 1000 SDPV: write -f imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk -skipspl SDPV: jump # }   FB: ucmd setenv fastboot_dev mmc FB: ucmd setenv mmcdev ${emmc_dev} FB: ucmd mmc dev ${emmc_dev} FB: flash -raw2sparse all fsl-image-validation-imx-imx8mmevk.sdcard FB: flash bootloader imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk FB: ucmd if env exists emmc_ack; then ; else setenv emmc_ack 0; fi; FB: ucmd mmc partconf ${emmc_dev} ${emmc_ack} 1 0 FB: done /***********************************************************************************/    In short, when the board goes into serial downloader mode UUU downloads the bootloader to internal RAM, once done and uboot is running, through fastboot utility it will flash .sdcard file and uboot to the eMMC on the board.   More information about the protocol UUU use please refer to the UUU documentation (UUU.pdf) section 5 Supported protocol.   Running the tool In order to run the tool the binary of uuu needs to be downloaded, the binary files can be downloaded from the link above, uuu.exe is for Windows and uuu is for Linux. Once downloaded it can be placed inside the same file as the demo image, this so it is easy to run and cleaner on the shell commands.   Windows In windows OS the tool should be run using the Windows PowerShell in administrator mode, once open we will run the next commands: > .\uuu.exe uuu.auto   Linux >$ sudo ./uuu uuu.auto   The tool will start running and should be waiting for any i.MX device to be detected by host pc   Preparing the board For the board to be flashed it is needed to be in download mode, the switch configuration (i.MX 8MM EVK) is as following: SW1101  -  1010XXXXXX SW1102  -  XXXXXXXXX0   Connect a USB cable from the host pc which will run the tool to the USB OTG/TYPE C port, usually specified as download, on the board.   Connect a USB cable from the host to the OTG-to-UART for console output, usually specified as debug, on the board.   Open terminal emulator program with the following settings: Bits per second - 115200 Data bits - 8 Parity - None Stop bits - 1 Flow control - None   Power on the board, the download will start and the serial prompt will show the progress in uboot, wait until the tool show success.   Finally power off the board and change the switch configuration to boot from the eMMC, power on the board again and it should boot successfully!   Built in scripts One can use the built in scripts using the -b option to burn the bootloader  and the rootfs to the target flash, just type the command accordingly to the target flash device.    SD Write bootloader only: Windows: > .\uuu.exe -b sd <bootloader> Linux: $ sudo ./uuu -b sd <bootloader>   Replace <bootloader> for your .imx/.bin file, example using the i.MX 8MM for Windows and Linux respectively below. > .\uur.exe -b sd imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk $ sudo ./uuu -b sd imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk    Write whole Linux image Windows: > .\uuu.exe -b sd_all <bootloader> <rootfs>.sdcard Linux: $ sudo ./uuu -b sd_all <bootloader> <rootfs>.sdcard   Replace <bootloader> and <rootfs> for the name of your .imx/.bin and .sdcard files respectively, example using the i.MX 8MM below. > .\uuu.exe -b sd_all  imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk fsl-image-validation-imx-imx8mmevk.sdcard $ sudo ./uuu -b sd_all  imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk fsl-image-validation-imx-imx8mmevk.sdcard   eMMC Write bootloader only Windows: > .\uuu.exe -b emmc <bootloader> Linux: $ sudo ./uuu -b emmc <bootloader>   Example using i.MX 8MM > .\uuu.exe -b emmc imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk $ sudo ./uuu -b emmc imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk   Write whole Linux image Windows: > .\uuu.exe -b emmc_all <bootloader> <rootfs>.sdcard Linux: $ sudo ./uuu -b emmc_all <bootloader> <rootfs>.sdcard   Example using i.MX 8MM > .\uuu.exe -b emmc_all imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk fsl-image-validation-imx-imx8mmevk.sdcard $ sudo ./uuu -b emmc_all imx-boot-imx8mmevk-sd.bin-flash_evk fsl-image-validation-imx-imx8mmevk.sdcard   Hope this will helpful for everyone who is starting to use this flashing tool.
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For the board imx8M Quad EVK running the Linux 4.14.78-1.0.0_ga version BSP, the resolutions 3840x2160,1920x1080, 1280x720, 720x480 are support in our default BSP. For the other resolutions how to make it work? This patch used to do support for a non-default resolution on i.MX 8MQ EVK. Basically, the customer needs to change the clocks accordingly to the display requirements,  it to be used as a base to the display support.
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Summary: The i.MX 8M-Mini can boot from QSPI flash using a dedicated boot image. The boot config settings are not correctly documented in the EVK Board Hardware User's Guide Rev 0 from 02/2019. In the document i.MX_Linux_User's_Guide.pdf  in the BSP documentation 4.14.98 the settings are correctly given in Table 38 Details: To generate a bootable file for the QSPI with Yocto, you need to include the following setting into local.conf: UBOOT_CONFIG = "fspi" If you don't want/need to make a complete build, just rebuild u-boot: bitbake -c deploy u-boot-imx Alternatively the file imx-boot-imx8mmevk-fspi.bin-flash_evk_flexspi included already in the BSP demo packages will work as well Program the image into QSPI: With UUU:   uuu -b qspi imx-boot-imx8mmevk-fspi.bin-flash_evk_flexspi With u-boot: u-boot=> fatls mmc 0:1 14557696   Image    …   1446848   imx-boot-imx8mmevk-fspi.bin-flash_evk_flexspi 11 file(s), 0 dir(s) u-boot=> sf probe SF: Detected n25q256a with page size 256 Bytes, erase size 4 KiB, total 32 MiB u-boot=> fatload mmc 0:1 0x40480000 imx-boot-imx8mmevk-fspi.bin-flash_evk_flexspi 1446848 bytes read in 79 ms (17.5 MiB/s) u-boot=> sf erase 0x0 0x200000 SF: 2097152 bytes @ 0x0 Erased: OK u-boot=> sf write 0x40480000 0x0 0x200000 device 0 offset 0x0, size 0x200000 SF: 2097152 bytes @ 0x0 Written: OK u-boot=> sf read 0x50000000 0x0 0x200000 device 0 offset 0x0, size 0x200000 SF: 2097152 bytes @ 0x0 Read: OK u-boot=> cmp.b 0x40480000 0x50000000 0x200000 Total of 2097152 byte(s) were the same u-boot=> Set boot config jumpers correctly and power on the board (no SD-card in the slot) 8M-Mini Rev A and Rev B boards:  01xxxxx0 0000x001 8M-Mini Rev C boards: 0110xxxxxx 00100x0010
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Instrumenting A Board To instrument a board, the connection between the power supply and the target device needs to be broken, usually via a series resistor that's placed on the board. Sometimes the inductor needs to be lifted if no series resistor was included on the rail by the board's designer. In the ideal case, through-hole connections were also provided on the board for the connection of these off-board sensors. Here are three close-up photos that show several boards that have been instrumented: In all three cases, the sensors stand in place via the two outer current carrying wires. The middle and right used insulated wires where as the one on the left used bare wires. In all three cases, the sensor's   +   connection needs to go towards the power supply and the   - connection goes to the target device. The outer wires here are 24-26 gauge. (The relatively heavy gauge wire is used to keep the series resistance of inserting a smart sensor to a minimum.) The ground connection is the middle hole of the smart sensor. In the left and middle photos, a 30 gauge wire connects to the middle hole ground connection on the  board. In the right photo, the ground wire was more conveniently added to a big cap just below the bottom of edge of the photo. Here are wider angle view photos of two of the boards above: The sensors on the left are free-standing since the current carrying wires are stiff enough to hold them upright. Care must be taken since too much flexing will cause a wire to break. Too much bending can also cause a short to the board (and that's why insulated wires were used on these boards). The board on the right has the sensors laying parallel to the board. They are not affixed to the board, but a wire is wrapped around the bundle of ribbon cables out of view past the right edge of the photo. For boards without the through hole connections, the smart sensors need to be immobilized to keep from pulling the SMT pads off the board. If there is room on the board or sides of connectors or large components, the sensors may be attached down with foam double-sticky tape (see photo below, sensor affixed on top i.MX7ULP): For boards where there are no convenient unpopulated areas or there are too many sensors, some other means needs to be devised to immoblize the smart sensors. In the left photo below, two inductors per sensor have been flipped and the two sensors inserted to instrument the two rails. The solder pads on the inductors would easily be broken off by any movement of the smart sensors, so a cage with clamps to hold the ribbon cables was 3D printed. On the back side, there is room for the aggregator to be zip tied to the bottom plate, so the instrumented board can be moved as a single unit with minimal flexing of the ribbon cables.
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UPDATE: Note that this document describes eIQ Machine Learning Software for the NXP L4.14 BSP release. Beginning with the L4.19 BSP, eIQ Software is pre-integrated in the BSP release and this document is no longer necessary or being maintained. For more information on eIQ Software in these releases (L4.19, L5.4, etc), please refer to the "NXP eIQ Machine Learning" chapter in the Linux User Guide for that specific release.  Original Post: eIQ Machine Learning Software for iMX Linux 4.14.y kernel series is available now. The NXP eIQ™ Machine Learning Software Development Environment enables the use of ML algorithms on NXP MCUs, i.MX RT crossover processors, and i.MX family SoCs. eIQ software includes inference engines, neural network compilers, and optimized libraries and leverages open source technologies. eIQ is fully integrated into our MCUXpresso SDK and Yocto development environments, allowing you to develop complete system-level applications with ease. Source download, build and installation Please refer to document NXP eIQ(TM) Machine Learning Enablement (UM11226.pdf) for detailed instructions on how to download, build and install eIQ software on your platform. Sample applications To help get you started right away we've posted numerous howtos and sample applications right here in the community. Please refer to eIQ Sample Apps - Overview. Supported platforms eIQ Machine learning software for i.MX Linux 4.14.y supports the L4.14.78-1.0.0 and L4.14.98-2.0.0 GA releases running on i.MX 8 Series Applications Processors. For more information on artificial intelligence, machine learning and eIQ Software please visit AI & Machine Learning | NXP.
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After rework the board, enable two OTG controllers in Linux DTB file and disable VBUS valid comparator when in suspend mode by clear USB_OTGx_PHY_CTL2 bit 16.  Then we get the following power data on suspend mode  Suspend Mode     ****  The page is under internal check ****
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When you do long test (days or weeks) test on i.MX board and your test fails, you often wants to know what has happen with a JTAG probe. The problem is when you have 50 boards running in parallel, you don't have the budget to have 50 JTAG debug probe. If you do a "hot plug" of your JTAG probe, you have roughly one chance out 2 to reset your board... so you'll have to wait another couple of hour to resee the problem. Anyway to have a reliable JTAG plug with no reset, it is really simple... cut the RESET line on your cable! then you'll still be able to "attach" to your i.MX. On the MEK board, with a 10-pin JTAG connector, you have the cut the cable line 10 of the ribbon cable: On the cable, cut the reset line like this: With my Lauterbach JTAG  probe, when I do a "hot plug" I never have a reset of my i.MX. BR Vincent
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The Android P9.0.0_2.0.0 GA (4.14.98 kernel) is now available on IMX software landing page. Overview -> i.MX BSP Updates and Releases -> Android -> Android P9.0.0_2.0.0 (4.14.98 kernel)    Files available:   # Name Description 1 android_p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga_docs.zip Android P9.0.0_2.0.0 Documentation 2 imx-p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga.tar.gz i.MX Android proprietary surce code for Android P9.0.0_2.0.0 3 android_p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga_image_8mmevk.tar.gz Prebuilt images with NXP extended features for the i.MX 8M Mini EVK 4 android_p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga_image_8mqevk.tar.gz Prebuilt images with NXP extended features for the i.MX 8M Quad EVK 5 android_p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga_image_8qmek.tar.gz Prebuilt images with NXP extended features for the i.MX8QMax and 8QXPlus MEK 6 fsl_aacp_dec_p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga.tar.gz AAC Plus Codec for P9.0.0_2.0.0_GA   Supported boards: i.MX 8MMini MEK Board i.MX 8MQuad EVK Board i.MX 8QuadMax MEK i.MX 8QuadXPlus MEK   Features and Known issues For features and known issues, please consult the Release Notes in detail.  ======================================================================================= The Android P9.0.0_2. 1 .0 _AUTO  GA (4.14.98 kernel) is now available on IMX software landing page. Overview -> i.MX BSP Updates and Releases -> Android AUTO-> Android P9.0.0_2.1.0_AUTO   Files available:   # Name Description 1 android_p9.0.0_2.1.0-auto-ga_docs.zip Android P9.0.0_2.1.0_AUTO  Documentation 2 imx-p9.0.0_2.1.0-auto-ga.tar.gz i.MX Android Automotive proprietary source code for Android P9.0.0_2.1.0_AUTO 3 android_p9.0.0_2.1.0-auto-ga_image_8qmek.tar.gz Prebuilt images with NXP extended features with the EVS function enabled in the Cortex-M4 CPU core for the i.MX 8QuadMax/8QuadXPlus MEK 4 android_p9.0.0_2.1.0-auto-ga_image_8qmek2.tar.gz Prebuilt images with NXP extended features for the i.MX8QMax and 8QXPlus MEK, without the EVS in M4 Core.   Supported boards: i.MX 8QuadMax MEK i.MX 8QuadXPlus MEK   Features and Known issues For features and known issues, please consult the Release Notes in detail.
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The Linux L4.14.98_1.0.0_GA; and SDK2.5 for 8QM/8QXP Post GA, SDK2.5.1 for 7ULP GA3 release are now available. Linux on IMX_SW web page, Overview -> BSP Updates and Releases -> Linux L4.14.98_2.0.0 SDK on https://mcuxpresso.nxp.com Files available: Linux:  # Name Description 1 imx-yocto-L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga.zip L4.14.98_2.0.0 for Linux BSP Documentation. Includes Release Notes, User Guide. 2 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX6QPDLSOLOX.zip i.MX 6QuadPlus, i.MX 6Quad, i.MX 6DualPlus, i.MX 6Dual, i.MX 6DualLite, i.MX 6Solo, i.MX 6Solox Linux Binary Demo Files 3 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX6SLLEVK.zip i.MX 6SLL EVK Linux Binary Demo Files 4 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX6UL7D.zip i.MX 6UltraLite EVK, 7Dual SABRESD, 6ULL EVK Linux Binary Demo Files 5 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX7DSABRESD.zip i.MX 7Dual SABRESD Linux Binary Demo Files  6 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX7ULPEVK.zip i.MX 7ULP EVK Linux Binary Demo Files  7 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8MMEVK.zip i.MX 8MMini EVK Linux Binary Demo Files  8 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8MQEVK.zip i.MX 8MQuad EVK Linux Binary Demo files 9 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8QMMEK.zip i.MX 8QMax MEK Linux Binary Demo files 10 L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga_images_MX8QXPMEK.zip i.MX 8QXPlus MEK Linux Binary Demo files 11 imx-scfw-porting-kit-1.2.tar.gz System Controller Firmware (SCFW) porting kit of L4.14.98_2.0.0 12 imx-aacpcodec-4.4.5.tar.gz Linux AAC Plus Codec v4.4.5 13 VivanteVTK-v6.2.4.p4.1.7.8.tgz Vivante Tool Kit v6.2.4.p4.1.7.8   SDK: On https://mcuxpresso.nxp.com/, c lick the Select Development Board , EVK-MCIMX7ULP//MEK-MIMX8QM/MEK-MIMX-8QX to customize the SDK based on your configuration then download the SDK package.  Target board: MX 8 Series MX 8QuadXPlus MEK Board MX 8QuadMax MEK Board MX 8M Quad EVK Board MX 8M Mini EVK Board MX 7 Series MX 7Dual SABRE-SD Board MX 7ULP EVK Board MX 6 Series MX 6QuadPlus SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6Quad SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6DualLite SDP SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6SoloX SABRE-SD and SABRE-AI Boards MX 6UltraLite EVK Board MX 6ULL EVK Board MX 6ULZ EVK Board MX 6SLL EVK Board What’s New/Features: Please consult the Release Notes.   Known issues For known issues and more details please consult the Release Notes.   More information on changes of Yocto, see: README: https://source.codeaurora.org/external/imx/imx-manifest/tree/README?h=imx-linux-sumo ChangeLog: https://source.codeaurora.org/external/imx/imx-manifest/tree/ChangeLog?h=imx-linux-sumo#
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Some of Chinese customer couldn’t normally download android source code from google site, here give a way to download android source from Mirror site of Tsinghua University. Preparations 1. Installing Ubuntu16.04.2 LTS Customer can download ubuntu-16.04.2-desktop-amd64.iso from https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop Then install it to VMware workstation player v12 or PC, after finishing installation, use “Software Update” to update system. In order to compile android9.0.0-2.0.0 BSP, necessary packages should also be installed on Ubuntu 16.04. $ sudo apt-get install gnupg $ sudo apt-get install flex $ sudo apt-get install bison $ sudo apt-get install gperf $ sudo apt-get install build-essential $ sudo apt-get install zip $ sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev $ sudo apt-get install libc6-dev $ sudo apt-get install lib32ncurses5-dev $ sudo apt-get install x11proto-core-dev $ sudo apt-get install libx11-dev $ sudo apt-get install lib32z1-dev $ sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev $ sudo apt-get install tofrodos $ sudo apt-get install python-markdown $ sudo apt-get install libxml2-utils $ sudo apt-get install xsltproc $ sudo apt-get install uuid-dev:i386 liblzo2-dev:i386 $ sudo apt-get install gcc-multilib g++-multilib $ sudo apt-get install subversion $ sudo apt-get install openssh-server openssh-client $ sudo apt-get install uuid uuid-dev $ sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev liblz-dev $ sudo apt-get install liblzo2-2 liblzo2-dev $ sudo apt-get install lzop $ sudo apt-get install git-core curl $ sudo apt-get install u-boot-tools $ sudo apt-get install mtd-utils $ sudo apt-get install android-tools-fsutils $ sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk $ sudo apt-get install device-tree-compiler $ sudo apt-get install gdisk $ sudo apt-get install liblz4-tool $ sudo apt-get install m4 $ sudo apt-get install libz-dev More detail, see Android_User’s_Guide.pdf ( android 9.0.0-2.0.0 BSP documents) 2. Downloading and unpacking Android release package [ For android 9.0.0_2.2.0, see commemts, please !] https://www.nxp.com/support/developer-resources/evaluation-and-developmentboards/ sabre-development-system/android-os-for-i.mx-applicationsprocessors: IMXANDROID?tab=Design_Tools_Tab -- P9.0.0_2.0.0_GA_ANDROID_SOURCE File name is imx-p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga.tar.gz # cd ~ # tar xzvf imx-p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga.tar.gz Downloading Android 9.0.0-2.0.0 source code 1. Getting repo # cd ~ # mkdir bin # cd bin # curl https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/git/git-repo > ~/bin/repo # chmod a+x ~/bin/repo # export PATH=${PATH}:~/bin 2. Modifying repo File Open ~/bin/repo file with 'gedit' and Change google address From REPO_URL = 'https://gerrit.googlesource.com/git-repo' To REPO_URL = ' https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/git/git-repo/ ' 3、Setting email address # git config --global user.email "xxxx@nxp.com" # git config --global user.name "xxxx" [ Email & Name should be yours] 4、Modifying android setup script and Running it Open ~/imx-p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga/imx_android_setup.sh and add a line like below: ... ... if [ "$rc" != 0 ]; then echo "---------------------------------------------------" echo "-----Repo Init failure" echo "---------------------------------------------------" return 1 fi find -name 'aosp-p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga.xml'| \ xargs perl -pi -e 's|https://android.googlesource.com/|https://aosp.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/|g' fi ... ... Then save it and exit. # cd ~/ # source ~/imx-p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga/imx_android_setup.sh Then android_build directory is created at ~/ If fetching errors occur, like below, run “repo sync” again. # repo sync # export MY_ANDROID=~/android_build [Note] imx_android_setup.sh will be in charge of downloading all android source code. 5.Begin to compile android 9.0.0-2.0.0 BSP $ export ARCH=arm64 $ export CROSS_COMPILE=${MY_ANDROID}/prebuilts/gcc/linuxx86/aarch64/aarch64-linuxandroid-4.9/bin/aarch64-linux-android- $ cd ~/android_build/vendor $ cp -r ~/imx-p9.0.0_2.0.0-ga/vendor/* ./ $ cd ~/android_build $ source build/envsetup.sh $ lunch evk_8mm-userdebug $ make –j4 NXP TIC team Weidong sun 2019-05-05
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The following document contains a list of document, questions and discussions that are relevant in the community based on amount of views. If you are having a problem, doubt or getting started in i.MX processors, you should check the following links to see if your doubt is in there. Yocto Project Freescale Yocto Project main page‌ Yocto Training - HOME‌ i.MX Yocto Project: Frequently Asked Questions‌ Useful bitbake commands‌ Yocto Project Package Management - smart  How to add a new layer and a new recipe in Yocto  Setting up the Eclipse IDE for Yocto Application Development Guide to the .sdcard format  Yocto NFS &amp; TFTP boot  YOCTO project clean  Yocto with a package manager (ex: apt-get)  Yocto Setting the Default Ethernet address and disable DHCP on boot.  i.MX x Building QT for i.MX6  i.MX6/7 DDR Stress Test Tool V3.00  i.MX6DQSDL DDR3 Script Aid  Installing Ubuntu Rootfs on NXP i.MX6 boards  iMX6DQ MAX9286 MIPI CSI2 720P camera surround view solution for Linux BSP i.MX Design&amp;Tool Lists  Simple GPIO Example - quandry  i.MX6 GStreamer-imx Plugins - Tutorial &amp; Example Pipelines  Streaming USB Webcam over Network  Step-by-step: How to setup TI Wilink (WL18xx) with iMX6 Linux 3.10.53  Linux / Kernel Copying Files Between Windows and Linux using PuTTY  Building Linux Kernel  Patch to support uboot logo keep from uboot to kernel for NXP Linux and Android BSP (HDMI, LCD and LVDS)  load kernel from SD card in U-boot  Changing the Kernel configuration for i.MX6 SABRE  Android  The Android Booting process  What is inside the init.rc and what is it used for.  Others How to use qtmultimedia(QML) with Gstreamer 1.0
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Host Environment: ubuntu 16.04 LTS Linux BSP For i.MX : version 4.9.88 The document has 5 main contents: 1. Compiling  core-image-base in Yocto BSP --Copy u-boot source code to a new directory --Copy linux kernel source code to a new directory 2. Exporting 4.9.88 toolchain from Freescale Yocto BSP (1) Using MACHINE= imx7dsabresd to export the toolchain (2) Using MACHINE= imx6qsabresd to export the toolchain. Actually above 2 are the same toolchain after exporting. Here , only show any one of boards(not ARM64) can be used for MACHINE. So users only need to export it for one time, select (1) or (2) to export toolchain. (3) Using MACHINE=imx8mqevk to export ARM64 toolchain 3. Compling u-boot & linux kernel under Stanalone iMX7DSabreSD --Compiling  u-boot for imx7dsabresd --Compiling kernel and dtb for imx7dsabresd iMX8MQEVK --Compiling u-boot for imx8mqevk --Compiling kernel and dtb for imx8mqevk 4. Compiling OS Firmware for i.MX7DSabreSD board --u-boot for mfg tools --kernel and dtb for mfg tools 5. Copy OS Firmware to the related path of MFG tools --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [Content of Document] 1. Compiling core-image-base in Yocto BSP          After repo syn is done according to “i.MX_Yocto_Project_User's_Guide.pdf”, Use the command to compile linux BSP, u-boot & kernel source code will be released. # DISTRO=fsl-imx-fb MACHINE=imx7dsabresd source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-fb # bitbake core-image-base          After compiling is done, u-boot & linux kernel source code is in the path below: u-boot : ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-fb/tmp/work/imx7dsabresd-poky-linux-gnueabi/u-boot-imx/2017.03-r0/git linux : ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-fb/tmp/work/imx7dsabresd-poky-linux-gnueabi/linux-imx/4.9.88-r0/git          We can create a new directory for uboot and linux kernel source code. Here I created a directory named disk2. # cd ~/ # mkdir disk2 # cd disk2 # mkdir u-boot-2017-03 # mkdir linux-imx-4.9.88 --Copy u-boot source code to a new directory # cd ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-fb/tmp/work/imx7dsabresd-poky-linux-gnueabi/u-boot-imx/2017.03-r0/git # cp –r ./* ~/disk2/u-boot-2017-03 --Copy linux kernel source code to a new directory # cd ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-fb/tmp/work/imx7dsabresd-poky-linux-gnueabi/linux-imx/4.9.88-r0/git # cp –r ./* ~/disk2/ linux-imx-4.9.88 2. Exporting 4.9.88 toolchain from Freescale Yocto BSP (1) Using MACHINE= imx7dsabresd to export the toolchain Step1: # cd ~/imx-yocto-bsp/ # DISTRO=fsl-imx-fb MACHINE=imx7dsabresd source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-minimal … … Do you accept the EULA you just read? (y/n)  y EULA has been accepted. Welcome to Freescale Community BSP The Yocto Project has extensive documentation about OE including a reference manual which can be found at:     http://yoctoproject.org/documentation For more information about OpenEmbedded see their website:     http://www.openembedded.org/ You can now run 'bitbake <target>' Common targets are:     core-image-minimal     meta-toolchain     meta-toolchain-sdk     adt-installer     meta-ide-support Your build environment has been configured with:     MACHINE=imx7dsabresd     SDKMACHINE=i686     DISTRO=fsl-imx-fb     EULA= BSPDIR= BUILD_DIR=. meta-freescale directory found Here “build-minimal” is a directory for compiling source code, users can also set it other name. In ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-minimal, Begin to export toolchain with the command. Step2: # DISTRO=fsl-imx-fb MACHINE=imx7dsabresd bitbake core-image-minimal -c populate_sdk [Comment-1] About DISTRO and MACHINE on above 2 commands MACHINE can be set the values below. imx6qpsabreauto imx6qpsabresd imx6ulevk imx6ull14x14evk imx6ull9x9evk imx6dlsabreauto imx6dlsabresd imx6qsabreauto imx6qsabresd imx6slevk imx6solosabreauto imx6solosabresd imx6sxsabresd imx6sxsabreauto imx6sllevk imx7dsabresd imx7ulpevk imx8mqevk   So MACHINE’s value is the name each Evaluation Borad. DISTRO can be set the values below: fsl-imx-x11 - X11 graphics are not supported on i.MX 8. fsl-imx-wayland - Wayland weston graphics. fsl-imx-xwayland - Wayland graphics and X11. X11 applications using EGL are not supported. fsl-imx-fb - Frame Buffer graphics - no X11 or Wayland. Frame Buffer is not supported on i.MX 8 bitbake rootfs type       core-image-minimal       core-image-base       core-image-sato       fsl-image-machine-test       fsl-image-validation-imx       fsl-image-qt5-validation-imx Below is the detailed description for above rootfs type : [Comment-2] Descriptions on difference of toolchain between i.MX6/7 and i.MX8MQ          i.MX6 and i.MX7 are both 32bit ARM processor, they use the same toolchain.          i.MX8MQ is 64bit ARM processor, so it’s toolchain is different from that of i.MX6/7. Setp 3:          After above compiling is done, enter into ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-minimal/tmp/deploy/sdk # cd ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-minimal/tmp/deploy/sdk # ls Run .sh file: Then continue operations according to guidance: Done: OK, Let us check /opt/fsl-imx-fb/ directory: # ls /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88-2.0.0/          Because we used MACHINE=imx7dsabresd, environment was named “cortex-A7”, compiler’s version is still 4.9.88. (2) Using MACHINE= imx6qsabresd to export the toolchain.          We can change “ MACHINE= imx6qsabresd ” and repeat above 3 steps, environment will be named “cortex-A9”.          Close the current terminal, and open a new one. # cd ~/ imx-yocto-bsp # DISTRO=fsl-imx-fb MACHINE= imx6qsabresd source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-A9-min            Then automatically enter “~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-A9-min”, run command below. # DISTRO=fsl-imx-fb MACHINE= imx6qsabresd bitbake core-image-minimal -c populate_sdk # ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-A9-min/tmp/deploy/sdk # ls # ./ fsl-imx-fb-glibc-x86_64-core-image-minimal-cortexa9hf-neon-toolchain-4.9.88-2.0.0.sh   Set it up in another directory: /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88 (3) Using MACHINE=imx8mqevk to export ARM64 toolchain          Export Toolchain for i.MX8MQ, create a new terminal, then run these 2 commands below. # ~/imx-yocto-bsp # DISTRO=fsl-imx-xwayland MACHINE=imx8mqevk source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-xwayland # DISTRO=fsl-imx-fb MACHINE=imx8mqevk bitbake core-image-minimal -c populate_sdk Done.          Copy the toolchain to /opt/fsl-imx-fb directory # cd ~/imx-yocto-bsp/build-xwayland/tmp/deploy/sdk # ls #./fsl-imx-fb-glibc-x86_64-core-image-minimal-aarch64-toolchain-4.9.88-2.0.0.sh          I installed it to a new directory: /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88-arm64 #ls ls /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88-arm64/  OK, 64bit toolchain for i.MX8MQ has been exported to the directory. 3. Compling u-boot & linux kernel under Stanalone iMX7DSabreSD --Compiling  u-boot for imx7dsabresd # cd ~/disk2/u-boot-2017-03 # source /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88-2.0.0/environment-setup-cortexa7hf-neon-poky-linux-gnueabi # export ARCH=arm # make clean # make mx7dsabresd_defconfig # make u-boot.imx Done. --Compiling kernel and dtb for imx7dsabresd # cd ~/disk2/linux-imx-4.9.88/ [comment] If environment has been configured, that is, these 2 commands have been run on the current terminal, don’t need to run them again. “source /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88-2.0.0/environment-setup-cortexa7hf-neon-poky-linux-gnueabi” and “export ARCH=arm” # make clean # make imx_v7_defconfig # make            zImage is in “~/disk2/linux-imx-4.9.88/arch/arm/boot”          dtb is in “~/disk2/linux-imx-4.9.88/arch/arm/boot/dts”            Probably users want to run “make menuconfig”, and meet the errors like below. # sudo apt-get install libncurses*  ( To solve the problem below ) # make menuconfig [Comment-3]  Users can also use " environment-setup-cortexa9hf-neon-poky-linux-gnueabi " to compile u-boot and kernel. iMX8MQEVK --Compiling u-boot for imx8mqevk # cd ~/disk2/u-boot-2017-03 # source /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88-arm64/environment-setup-aarch64-poky-linux # export ARCH=arm64 # make clean # make imx8mq_evk_defconfig # make u-boot.imx Done. --Compiling kernel and dtb for imx8mqevk # cd ~/disk2/linux-imx-4.9.88/ [comment] If environment has been configured, that is, these 2 commands have been run on the current terminal, don’t need to run them again. “source /opt/fsl-imx-fb/4.9.88-arm64/environment-setup-aarch64-poky-linux” and “export ARCH=arm64” # make clean # make defconfig # make          Run the command to unset LDFLAGS: # unset LDFLAGS # make Done. 4. Compiling OS Firmware for i.MX7DSabreSD board --u-boot for mfg tools # make mx7dsabresd_config # make u-boot.imx          Then rename u-boot.imx to be “u-boot-mx7dsabresd-mfg.imx”. --kernel and dtb for mfg tools          Copy imx_v7_mfg_defconfig file to “arch/arm/configs”, then run commands below. # make imx_v7_mfg_defconfig # make          zImage will be generated at path arch/arm/boot.          dtb file will be generated at path arch/arm/boot/dts            Then rename zImage to be zImage-mx7dsabre-mfg,          Rename imx7d-sdb.dtb to be zImage-imx7d-sdb-mfg.dtb 5. Copy OS Firmware to the related path of MFG tools          Up to now, 3 files for OS Firmware has been generated, then copy these 3 files to mfgtools\Profiles\Linux\OS Firmware\firmware            When MFG Tools begins to run, these 3 files and ramdisk will be downloaded to SDRAM on board, then run them, and download images(u-boot\kernel\rootfs\)  which have been ready in  “mfgtools\Profiles\Linux\OS Firmware\files”.            Above steps and commands will be performed according to list in ucl2.xml. So customer will add a new list for her downloading or change an existing list according to image’s name. NXP TIC team Weidong Sun 04-25-2019
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In i.MX8MQ and i.MX8M Mini, the codec used is WM8524, which only supports audio playback. Although 8M Mini does have PDM microphone interface (MICFIL), there is no support for audio record via I2S. This guide will show you how to add audio recording driver in i.MX8MQ/8MM step by step.   Hardware: i.MX8MQ/8MM Evk, I2S output digital microphone OS: Android/Linux Kernel version: 4.14.78 For detailed steps, please see attachment.
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The document descript how to use the win32diskimager to create bootable sdcard.  How to resize sdcard mirror rootfs partition. Ex: fsl-image-validation-imx-imx6qpdlsolox.sdcard
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