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Hi All, The new Android JB4.2.2_1.0.0-GA release is now available on www.freescale.com ·          Files available Name Description IMX6_JB422_100_ANDROID_DOCS i.MX 6Quad, i.MX 6Dual, and   i.MX 6DualLite Android jb4.2.2_1.0.0 BSP Documentation. Includes Release   Notes, User's Guide, QSG and FAQ Sheet. IMX6_JB422_100_ANDROID_SOURCE i.MX 6Quad, i.MX 6Dual, and   i.MX 6DualLite Android jb4.2.2_1.0.0 BSP, Documentation and Source Code for   BSP and Codecs. IMX6_JB422_100_ANDROID_DEMO i.MX 6Quad, i.MX 6Dual, and   i.MX 6DualLite Android jb4.2.2_1.0.0 BSP Binary Demo Files ·          Target HW boards o    i.MX6DL  SABRE SD board o    i.MX6Q  SABRE SD board o    i.MX6DQ SABRE AI board o    i.MX6DL SABRE AI board ·          Release Description i.MX Android jb4.2.2_1.0.0-ga is GA release for Android 4.2.2 Jelly Bean(JB) on i.MX6Q SABRE SD, i.MX6DL SABRE SD and i.MX6Q/DL SABRE AI platform with key features integrated. i.MX Android jb4.2.2_1.0.0-ga release includes all necessary codes, documents and tools to assist users in building and running Android 4.2.2 on i.MX6Q and i.MX6DL hardware board from the scratch. The prebuilt images are also included for a quick trial on Freescale i.MX6Q, i.MX6DL SABRE SD and i.MX6Q/DL SABRE AI boards. Most of deliveries in this release are provided in source code with the exception of some proprietary modules/libraries from third parties. ·          Features Feature i.MX6Q   SABRE SD i.MX6DL   SABRE SD i.MX6   SABRE AI Comments Linux 3.0.35  kernel Y Y Y Based on Linux BSP   L3.0.35_4.0.0 GA release Google JellyBean   4.2.2 release Y Y Y Based on   android-4.2.2_r1 release Bootup with Android Y Y Y Boot source eMMC& External SD eMMC& External SD SD&Nand Default Nand chip   been support is Micron MT29F8G08ABABAWP Splash Screen for   LVDS Y Y N UI (input) Multi-touch on LVDS   panel Multi-touch on LVDS panel Multi-touch on LVDS   panel UI (display) LVDS panel, HDMI   display LVDS panel, HDMI   display LVDS panel, HDMI   display UI (dual display,   LVDS+HDMI, UI mirror displayed on second device) Y Y Y UI (brightness   control) Y Y Y UI (LiveWallpaper) Y Y Y Storage - External   Media Y Y Y SD, External SD and   UDisk Storage - MTP   (Media Transfer Protocol) Y Y Y Connectivity -   Ethernet Y Y Y Connectivity - BT     Y Y     N Hardware: ·            Atheros AR3001 ·            Atheros AR3002 Profiles: ·            A2DP ·            HID ·            OPP ·            PBAP Connectivity - WiFi Y Y     Y Hardware: ·            Atheros AR6103 SDIO card Features: ·            AP mode ·            Wake on Wireless Connectivity -   3G Y Y   N Hardware: ·            HUAWEI EM770W modem ·            Infinion Amazon 1 modem ·            ZTE FM210 modem Connectivity -   GPS Y Y N Connectivity - USB Tethering Y Y Y Support WIFI and   Ethernet as upstream Internet - SIP   voice call N N N Internet - VPN Y Y Y Power - Battery   status report Y Y N/A Known limitations   about the accuracy in some use cases Power - CPU Freq Y Y Y Power - Bus Freq Y Y Y Media - Music Play Y Y Y Media - Sound Record Y Y Y Media - Video Play Y Y Y Media - Camera Y Y N Media - TVIN N/A N/A Y PAL/NTSC Media - Dual Camera Y Y Y Hardware for SABRE SD: ·            Front Camera: OV5642 CSI camera ·            Rear Camera: OV5640 MIPI camera Hardware   for SABRE AI: ·            Front Camera: UVC camera ·            Rear Camera: TV IN Media - Camcorder Y Y N Media - USB Camera Y Y Y Logitech: ·            C250 ·            E3500 Media - USB Micro Y Y Y Media - Movie   Studio Y Y Y Media - HDMI audio output Y Y Y Graphic - HW 3D   acceleration Y Y Y OpenGLES 1.1/2.0   via GC2000 or GC800 3D core Graphic - HW   accelerated UI surface composition Y Y Y Misc - ADB over USB Y Y Y Misc - Fastboot   utility Y Y Y Misc - SW update   and factory reset Y Y Y Sensor - Magmatic Y Y N Sensor -   Accelerometer Y Y N Sensor - Light Y Y N NTFS-3G File System Y Y Y For external   Storage NAND N N Y Tested NAND chip: - Micro 29F8G08ABABA ·          Change List The below section lists the big changes in JellyBean which need the user’s attention when comparing to Freescale ICS version: o    Default Android multiple display implementation in JellyBean o    Display resolution change in Setting is not been supported o    New camera hal implementation based on JellyBean libcamera2 o    Add NTFS file system support for external storage ·          Known issues For known issues and limitations please consult the release notes
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The refine to TV mode of R10.3.1 causes dual video function fail. The attached patch recovers dual video function. Attached dual_video.patch only work for RGB output (HDMI support). For legacy TVout (YUV output), the extra patch is necessary, see the attached "legacy_tvout.zip". Refer to Dual video with single UI on i.MX53 SMD with Android R10.4  for setup.
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This is the prototype solution to enable second display showing different things on JB4.2.2 SabreSD. Make use of Class Presentation provided by android to be embedded into Status bar. When unlock the screen, the Presentation will show on second display. Now, the solution requires one .mp4 video placed in root sdcard. Of course, you may change it to show anything. The attached Files are a layout xml file, a patch and a recorded video. The layout file should be put into android/frameworks/base/packages/SystemUI/res/layout/ folder. The patch should be applied to frameworks/base.git. The recorded video shows the dual display demo as a reference.
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The i.MX 6 Android 13.4.1.03 patch release is now available on www.freescale.com IMX6_R13.4103_ANDROID_LDO_PATCH This patch release is based on the i.MX6 Android R13.4.1 release. The purpose of this patch release is to manage the LDO and PMIC ramp-up time correctly.
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Linphone is an internet phone or Voice Over IP phone (VoIP). With Linphone you can communicate freely with people over the internet, with voice, video, and text instant messaging. Linphone makes use of the SIP protocol, an open standard for internet telephony. You can use Linphone with any SIP VoIP operator, including our free SIP audio/video service. Linphone is free software (or open-source), you can download and redistribute it freely. Linphone is available for desktop computers: Linux, Windows, Mac OSX, and for mobile phones: Android, iPhone, Blackberry. Linphone-android is a good example to show the integration of Java code based on Android SDK with native CODEC, network protocols. Not like XBMC-Android that is almost total c++/c project. Perform the following steps to build a linphone-android project: 1. git clone git://git.linphone.org/linphone-android.git --recursive 2. sudo apt-get install autoconf automake libtool pkg-config 3. "cd" to the root of "git clone" : cd /home/user/linphne-android // wherver git'ed linphone-android is 4. export PATH=/home/user/android-ndk:$PATH //wherever your android-ndk, android-sdk tools, and platform-tools, and ANT are stored in.             For example on my PC.      export PATH=/home/alanz/android-ndk-r8d:/home/alanz/android-sdk-linux/tools:/home/alanz/android-sdk-linux/platform-     tools:/home/alanz/bin/apache-ant-1.8.4/bin:$PATH             Note: PATH contains the ndk, sdk, and ant. 5. Make sure the network is working, then execute "./prepare_sources.sh" at the linphone-android root 6. Then, execute "/home/alanz/android-ndk-r8d/ndk-build", it will take a while to be finished 7. Modify Makefile as following example, modify it accordingly.      NDK_PATH=/home/alanz/android-ndk-r8d      SDK_PATH=/home/alanz/android-sdk-linux/tools      SDK_PLATFORM_TOOLS_PATH=/home/alanz/android-sdk-linux/platform-tools      .....................      generate-libs:           $(NDK_PATH)/ndk-build ....... (remove -j$(NUMCPUS) by the end of this command line) 8. execute "make", after finish, the apk file can be found under bin/ subdirectory.
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Make boot SD Card for imx-android-r13.4-20121128 1. Extract imx-android-r13.4-20121128 2. Check mount device  @Disk Util     My case SD Card : /dev/sdb 3. Insert the uSD Card    Use 16GByte SD Card Cat10 4. Android/imx-android-r13.4-20121128$./device/boundary/mksdcard.sh /dev/sdb 5. W ait about 5 minutes. Finish!
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Overview: This document is written for Freescale customers who have Freescale AC3 release packages (excluded package). (If you did not have the AC3 release package, you can disregard this document.) Freescale OMX Player in Android release supports audio track selection when playing files with multiple audio tracks. However, most customers don't use this enhanced API to select the audio track even if current audio codec is not supported. To avoid a soundless output when partial audio track can be played, this document provides the method to select the available audio track automatically to play. The patch in this document is not included in our current release because it did not match with our track selection rule - play the first track. If you have any idea with this issue, feel free to add comments into this document. Issue description: Software: R13.4-GA or R13.4.1 Android releases Hardware: MX6Dual/Quad SabreSD board Test source: 1.mkv Test Step: 1. Lunch Gallery from main menu. 2. Play the video And you can see the watch the video without any sound Root Reason: The file has 2 audio track DTS & AC3: audio track 1 is DTS and track 2 is AC3. OMX Player will choose the first audio track to play as default audio track, which is DTS audio. However, the software only supports the AC3 audio codec, so it could not set up audio decoder for DTS track. If we choose to play the AC3 track, sounds could be heard. How to fix: The audio track index is set in GMPlayer::LoadParser(). You can get audio format to check whether it is supported by decoder. Please see the patch audio_track_slection.diff
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Overview The purpose of this doument is to introduce how to enable PCIe WiFi into i.MX6 Android release. Environment Setup Hardware: i.MX6 SABRE-SD board Software: Android Jelly Bean 4.2 Software Configurations The source codes of Intel PCIe WiFi have been integrated for i.MX6 SABRE-SD board into i.MX6 Android release. However it's disabled by default. To enable it for i.MX6 SABRE-SD board, you can do the following: Change BOARD_WLAN_VENDOR to INTEL in device/fsl board configuration files. For example, diff --git a/sabresd_6dq/BoardConfig.mk b/sabresd_6dq/BoardConfig.mk index 9c8a32d..912e752 100755 --- a/sabresd_6dq/BoardConfig.mk +++ b/sabresd_6dq/BoardConfig.mk @@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ TARGET_BOOTLOADER_BOARD_NAME := SABRESD PRODUCT_MODEL := SABRESD-MX6DQ # Wifi -BOARD_WLAN_VENDOR                       := ATHEROS +BOARD_WLAN_VENDOR                       := INTEL # for atheros vendor ifeq ($(BOARD_WLAN_VENDOR),ATHEROS) BOARD_WLAN_DEVICE                       := ar6003 @@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ WIFI_COMPAT_MODULE_ARG                         := "" endif #for intel vendor ifeq ($(BOARD_WLAN_VENDOR),INTEL) +BOARD_WLAN_DEVICE                       := INTEL BOARD_HOSTAPD_PRIVATE_LIB               ?= private_lib_driver_cmd BOARD_WPA_SUPPLICANT_PRIVATE_LIB        ?= private_lib_driver_cmd WPA_SUPPLICANT_VERSION                  := VER_0_8_X After changing BOARD_WLAN_VENDOR as "INTEL", the following files will be compiled for intel WiFi: device/fsl-proprietary/pcie-wifi/ external/wpa_supplicant_8 hardware/imx/wlan/intel/ hardware/libhardware_legacy/wifi/wifi_intel.c Enable PCIe WiFi driver in kernel_imx by running "make menuconfig" command: Select "System Type -> Freescale MXC Implementations -> PCI Express support" as "*" Select "Networking support -> Wireless ->  cfg80211 - wireless configuration API" as "*". Then select "Networking support -> Wireless -> Generic IEEE 802.11 Networking Stack (mac80211)" as "*" Select "Device Drivers ->  Network device support -> Wireless LAN -> Intel Wireless WiFi 4965AGN (iwl4965)" as "*" Then run "make" command to build kernel. The followings are the dependencies files to enable above configuration: Kernel configuration: * -> System Type -> Freescale MXC Implementations Select the PCI Express support. Then config intel WIFI driver: Generic IEEE 802.11 Networking Stack (mac80211) used by WIFI devices Symbol: MAC80211 [=y] Type : tristate Prompt: Generic IEEE 802.11 Networking Stack (mac80211) Defined at net/mac80211/Kconfig:1 Depends on: NET [=y] && WIRELESS [=y] && CFG80211 [=y] Location: -> Networking support (NET [=y]) -> Wireless (WIRELESS [=y]) Intel iwl4965 or iwl6300 card driver Symbol: IWL4965 [=y] Type : tristate Prompt: Intel Wireless WiFi 4965AGN (iwl4965) Defined at drivers/net/wireless/iwlegacy/Kconfig:65 Depends on: NETDEVICES [=y] && WLAN [=y] && PCI [=y] && MAC80211 [=y] Location: -> Device Drivers -> Network device support (NETDEVICES [=y]) Then you can follow up the instructions into Android User guide to build Android image. Known Limitation PCIe low power mode is not supported according to BSP release note. So when building in PCIe, the system suspend/resume should be disabled now.
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Here are two patches to support BT656 and BT1120 output for i.MX6 ipuv3. With this patch, the i.MX6 can support the CVBS output on TV encoder. It is useful for a TV box. "L3.0.35_1.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch.zip" is the patch for Freescale L3.0.35_1.1.0_GA_iMX6DQ BSP. "r13.4.1_bt656_output_patch.zip" is the patch for Freescale Android R13.4.1 BSP. 1. Features supported:     1) Support BT656(8 bits) and BT1120 (16 bits)interlaced output on display port.     2) Support both RGB and YUV frame buffer for BT656/BT1120 output.     3) Support PAL and NTSC mode.     4) Support on the fly switch between PAL and NTSC mode.     5) Support CVBS output based on adv7391 TV encoder. 2. Hardware link between iMX6 and adv7391 TV encoder chip.     IPU1_DI0_DISP_CLK connected to adv7391 CLKIN pin.     IPU1_DISP0_DAT_23~DISP0_DAT_16 connected to adv7391 P7~P0 pins.     IPU1_DI0_PIN2 connected to adv7391 HSYNC pin. (option)     IPU1_DI0_PIN4 connected to adv7391 VSYNC pin. (option)   - Android R13.4.1 kernel. 3. How to use -- Copy the two patch files to kernel folder.     $ git apply ./0001-Support-BT656-and-BT1120-output-for-iMX6-ipuv3.patch     $ git apply ./0002-Support-adv739x-TV-encoder-for-BT656-output.patch -- Select them in kernel config and build the new kernel image:                     Device Drivers  --->                       Graphics support  --->                           [*]   MXC BT656 and BT1120 output                           [*]   ADV7390/7391 TV Output Encoder -- Uboot parameters for video mode    Output BT656 NTSC data to display port with UVYV frame buffer mode:       "video=mxcfb0:dev=bt656,BT656-NTSC,if=BT656,fbpix=UYVY16"    Output BT656 NTSC data to display port with RGB565 frame buffer mode:       "video=mxcfb0:dev=bt656,BT656-NTSC,if=BT656,fbpix=RGB565"    Output BT656 PAL data to display port with RGB24 frame buffer mode:       "video=mxcfb0:dev=bt656,BT656-PAL,if=BT656,fbpix=RGB24"    Output CVBS NTSC signal on adv7391 with UYVY frame buffer mode:       "video=mxcfb0:dev=adv739x,BT656-NTSC,if=BT656,fbpix=UYVY16"    Output CVBS PAL signal on adv7391 with RGB565 frame buffer mode:       "video=mxcfb0:dev=adv739x,BT656-PAL,if=BT656,fbpix=RGB565" -- Switch between PAL and NTSC    $ echo D:720x480i-60 > /sys/class/graphics/fb0/mode    $ echo D:720x576i-50 > /sys/class/graphics/fb0/mode 4. Note     1) For 8 bits BT656 interface, the default data pins are "DISP0_DAT_23~DISP0_DAT_16", it can also        be any other continued display data pins, for example if "DISP0_DAT_7~DISP0_DAT_0" are used, the        macro "BT656_IF_DI_MSB" in "kernel_imx/drivers/mxc/ipu3/ipu_disp.c" should be changed from "23"        to "7".     2) For 16 bits BT1120 interface, the default data pins are "DISP0_DAT_23~DISP0_DAT_8", it can also        be any other continued display data pins, the macro "BT656_IF_DI_MSB" should be modified if the        hardware pins are changed.     3) When bt656 interface is the second display for each IPU,1-layer-fb (it can be checked with command        "$ cat /sys/class/graphics/fbx/fsl_disp_propperty"), the frame buffer can only be YUV format. In this        case, the IPU DC channel was used for BT656 display, it has no CSC function, so RGB frame buffer was        not supported. 2013-08-09 updated: The new release package "L3.0.35_1.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_2013-08-09.zip" had fixed the BT656 dual display issue on iMX6S/DL. Removed the old release package. 2013-09-04 updated: The new release package "r13.4.1_bt656_output_patch_2013-09-04.zip" had fixed the BT656 dual display issue on iMX6S/DL. For default, the dual display was tested with HDMI + CVBS, HDMI is the main display and adv739x CVBS output is the second display. For iMX6DQ which has two IPUs, please assign dual display to two IPUs, for example adv739x is on IPU1 DI0, it is fixed, because hardware pins used for it is fixed. Then we can assign HDMI or LVDS to another IPU (IPU2). For iMX6S/DL which has only one IPU, since adv739x had used IPU1 DI0, another display should be IPU1 DI1. 2013-09-30 updated: Added patch for L3.0.35_4.1.0_GA BSP, the file is "L3.0.35_4.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_2013-09-30.zip". 2014-07-21 updated: Added patch for L3.10.17_1.0.0_GA BSP, the file is "L3.10.17_1.0.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_2014-07-21.zip". 2015-01-26 updated: Updated the IPU microcode for 1080i50 and 1080i60 BT1120 output, the parameters "N" for command BMA is a 8 bits parameters, so its max value is 255, but for 1080i50 and 1080i60 output, it needs more blank data in each line, the "N" will be bigger than 255, the updated IPU microcode can fix this limitation. The updated file is "IPU_Microcode_Update_for_BT1120_1080i_20150126.zip". You can update the macro "DC_MCODE_BT656_xxx"  and function _ipu_dc_setup_bt656_interlaced() to the old patch if you used BT1120 mode to support 1080i display. The verified 1080i display mode is: {    /* 1080I60 Interlaced output */   "BT1120-1080I60", 30, 1920, 1080, 13468,   20, 3,   20, 2,   280, 1,   FB_SYNC_HOR_HIGH_ACT | FB_SYNC_VERT_HIGH_ACT,   FB_VMODE_INTERLACED,   FB_MODE_IS_DETAILED,}, {   /* 1080I50 Interlaced output */   "BT1120-1080I50", 25, 1920, 1080, 13468,   20, 3,   20, 2,   720, 1,   FB_SYNC_HOR_HIGH_ACT | FB_SYNC_VERT_HIGH_ACT,   FB_VMODE_INTERLACED,   FB_MODE_IS_DETAILED,}, 2016-01-28 updated: Updated IPU microcode to align with BT656.4 specification for NTSC output. For other BSP version with NTSC format support, please reference to ipu_disp_update.c for the final microcode. File "L3.0.35_4.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_20160128.zip"., Details, please reference to the readme.txt file in the package. 2016-06-24 update: Added BT656 and BT1120 progressive mode support. File "L3.0.35_4.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_20160624.zip". Details, please reference to the readme.txt file in the package. The patch for 3.14.52 GA1.1.0 BSP will be released in next week. 2016-06-27 update: Add BT656 and BT1120 display patch for 3.14.52 BSP. File "L3.14.52_1.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_2016-06-27.zip", details, please reference to the readme.txt in the package. 2017-03-10 update: Fixed a hard coding DC macro issue for progressive mode. Added patch "0008-Fixed-a-hard-coding-DC-macro-issue-for-progressive-m.patch" in L3.0.35_4.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_2017-03-10.zip. The code in patch "L3.14.52_1.1.0_GA_bt656_output_patch_2016-06-27" is correct.
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After upgrading Ubuntu 11.04 to 11.10, I encountered several building failures such as the following: error:"_FORTIFY_SOURCE" redefined [-Werror] To fix this building issue: 1. Following guides in Initializing a Build Environment | Android Open Source, to get build env ready for Ubuntu 11.10; 2. Edit build/core/combo/HOST_linux-x86.mk and replace:     "HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0"     with     "HOST_GLOBAL_CFLAGS += -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=0" Based on further Internet research, I found a Google Groups that summarizes all modifications to fix the building failure encountering in Ubuntu 11.10.
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Overview The purpose of this document is to provide the patches to fix display mess issue in TextView based on MX6 Android R13.4-GA and R13.4.1 ICS release. Please note these patches are only validated basically for dedicated issues. If you find any side effect with these patches, please add the comments into this document. Issue Description Software: R13.4-GA or R13.4.1 Android releases Hardware: i.MX6Dual/Quad SabreSD board or i.MX6DualLite SabreSD board. Test steps: Install testviewtest.apk Run this APK and key in the text, you will see the text display mess after key in more texts. You can also get the issue descriptions from https://community.freescale.com/thread/303194 Patches You can get the patches from attached textview_fix.zip. For R13.4-GA, please apply the following patches: kernel_imx, unzip Kernel/r13.4-ga/kernel-patch-r13.4-ga-gpu4.6.9p10.tar.gz and apply the patches. device/fsl-proprietary/gpu-viv: unzip gpu_lib/gpu-viv-lib-4.6.9p10-font-libGAL-crash-fix.tar.gz and replace lib folder. For R13.4.1, please apply the following patches: kernel_imx, Apply the patch Kernel/r13.4.1/0001-upgrade-gpu-4.6.9p10-kernel-driver_r13.4.1.patc device/fsl-proprietary/gpu-viv: unzip gpu_lib/gpu-viv-lib-4.6.9p10-font-libGAL-crash-fix.tar.gz and replace lib folder.
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Overview The purpose of this document is to demonstrate how to enable USB Bluetooth Dongle based on i.MX6 Android ICS. Hardware i.MX6Dual/Quad or i.MX6DualLite SabreSD board USB Bluetooth Dongle Software i.MX6DQ/MX6DL Android ICS R13.4 or R13.4.1 Release Changes 0001-enable-usb-dongle-BT.patch: Update bluedroid to disable RFKILL and enable HCIATTACH property for USB Bluetooth Dongle. diff --git a/bluedroid/Android.mk b/bluedroid/Android.mk index 17df49b..569be44 100644 --- a/bluedroid/Android.mk +++ b/bluedroid/Android.mk @@ -5,6 +5,13 @@ LOCAL_PATH:= $(call my-dir) include $(CLEAR_VARS) +ifeq ($(BOARD_BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL),true) +  LOCAL_CFLAGS := $(LOCAL_CFLAGS) -DBLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL +endif + +ifeq ($(BOARD_BLUETOOTH_USES_HCIATTACH_PROPERTY),true) +  LOCAL_CFLAGS := $(LOCAL_CFLAGS) -DBLUETOOTH_HCIATTACH_USING_PROPERTY +endif LOCAL_SRC_FILES := \   bluetooth.c diff --git a/bluedroid/bluetooth.c b/bluedroid/bluetooth.c index 4cc9204..2636942 100644 --- a/bluedroid/bluetooth.c +++ b/bluedroid/bluetooth.c @@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ static int rfkill_id = -1; static char *rfkill_state_path = NULL; - +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL static int init_rfkill() {      char path[64];      char buf[16]; @@ -135,6 +135,7 @@ out:      if (fd >= 0) close(fd);      return ret; } +#endif static inline int create_hci_sock() {      int sk = socket(AF_BLUETOOTH, SOCK_RAW, BTPROTO_HCI); @@ -151,13 +152,20 @@ int bt_enable() {      int ret = -1;      int hci_sock = -1;      int attempt; - +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL      if (set_bluetooth_power(1) < 0) goto out; - +#endif +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_HCIATTACH_USING_PROPERTY      LOGI("Starting hciattach daemon"); -    if (property_set("ctl.start", "hciattach") < 0) { +    if (property_set("ctl.start", "hciattach") < 0) +#else +    if (property_set("bluetooth.hciattach", "true") < 0) +#endif +    {          LOGE("Failed to start hciattach"); +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL          set_bluetooth_power(0); +#endif          goto out;      } @@ -186,14 +194,18 @@ int bt_enable() {          if (property_set("ctl.stop", "hciattach") < 0) {              LOGE("Error stopping hciattach");          } +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL          set_bluetooth_power(0); +#endif          goto out;      }      LOGI("Starting bluetoothd deamon");      if (property_set("ctl.start", "bluetoothd") < 0) {          LOGE("Failed to start bluetoothd"); +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL          set_bluetooth_power(0); +#endif          goto out;      } @@ -222,14 +234,20 @@ int bt_disable() {      ioctl(hci_sock, HCIDEVDOWN, HCI_DEV_ID);      LOGI("Stopping hciattach deamon"); -    if (property_set("ctl.stop", "hciattach") < 0) { +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_HCIATTACH_USING_PROPERTY +    if (property_set("ctl.stop", "hciattach") < 0) +#else +   if (property_set("bluetooth.hciattach", "false") < 0) +#endif +   {          LOGE("Error stopping hciattach");          goto out;      } - +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL      if (set_bluetooth_power(0) < 0) {          goto out;      } +#endif      ret = 0; out: @@ -246,9 +264,10 @@ int bt_is_enabled() {      // Check power first +#ifndef BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL      ret = check_bluetooth_power();      if (ret == -1 || ret == 0) goto out; - +#endif      ret = -1;      // Power is on, now check if the HCI interface is up 0002-usb_dongle-on-SabreSD.patch: Update MX6 board configuration files to enable USB Bluetooth dongle feature. diff --git a/imx6/imx6.mk b/imx6/imx6.mk @@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ PRODUCT_PACKAGES += \ PRODUCT_PACKAGES += \   audio.tinyalsa.freescale   \   audio.legacy.freescale    \ +        audio.a2dp.default                      \   alsa_aplay                \   alsa_arecord    \   alsa_amixer        \ diff --git a/imx6/sabresd/SabreSDBoardConfigComm.mk b/imx6/sabresd/SabreSDBoardConfigComm.mk index 03d8ce5..1a8a6bd 100755 --- a/imx6/sabresd/SabreSDBoardConfigComm.mk +++ b/imx6/sabresd/SabreSDBoardConfigComm.mk -# atheros 3k BT -BOARD_USE_AR3K_BLUETOOTH := true +# Default use USB BT dongle for imx6, so should enable below +BOARD_BLUETOOTH_DOES_NOT_USE_RFKILL := true +BOARD_BLUETOOTH_USES_HCIATTACH_PROPERTY := true + USE_ION_ALLOCATOR := false USE_GPU_ALLOCATOR := true diff --git a/imx6/sabresd/init.rc b/imx6/sabresd/init.rc index ff9f0ff..f127177 100755 --- a/imx6/sabresd/init.rc +++ b/imx6/sabresd/init.rc @@ -84,9 +84,12 @@ on boot      # No bluetooth hardware present      setprop hw.bluetooth 0      setprop wlan.interface wlan0 +    setprop hw.bluetooth 1 diff --git a/imx6/sabresd/required_hardware.xml b/imx6/sabresd/required_hardware.xml index c9a2271..f7db37b 100644 --- a/imx6/sabresd/required_hardware.xml +++ b/imx6/sabresd/required_hardware.xml @@ -22,6 +22,7 @@      <feature name="android.hardware.camera.flash" />      <feature name="android.hardware.camera.front" />      <feature name="android.hardware.location" /> +    <feature name="android.hardware.bluetooth" />      <feature name="android.hardware.location.network" />      <feature name="android.hardware.location.gps" />      <feature name="android.hardware.telephony" />
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Overview This purpose of this document is to introduce how to support recovery mode for POR reboot event based on MX6 Android R13.4.1. Background If you boot Android R13.4.1 on MX6 SabreSD board, the reboot reason is Watchdog. But if the reboot reason is changed from Watchdog to POR, the recovery mode is failed to enter after factory reset. In R13.4.1, the bit 8 of SRC_GPR10 is used as the persistent bit of recovery mode. This bit is expected to be kept after reboot so that U-boot can use this bit to distinguish what mode should enter. However all SRC registers will be reset on POR sequence according to i.MX6DQRM Section 59.4.1.2.3 IPP_RESET_B (POR). So when the reboot reason is POR, the persistent bit of recovery mode is cleared even if the software set it before reboot. It causes the bootloader won't enter recovery mode after reboot. Software Changes According to i.MX6DQRM, the SNVS_LP General Purpose Register provides a 32 bit read write register, which can be used by any application for retaining 32 bit data during a power-down mode. So to support recovery mode for POR event, the SNVS_LP register can be used to store the persistent bit of recovery mode. The following changes are reqiured to apply (See patches.tar.gz) Apply for Uboot patch bootable/bootloader/uboot-imx/0001-ENGR00235817-mx6-use-SNVS-LPGPR-register-to-store-bo.patch. diff --git a/cpu/arm_cortexa8/mx6/generic.c b/cpu/arm_cortexa8/mx6/generic.c index 257c930..bd47130 100644 --- a/cpu/arm_cortexa8/mx6/generic.c +++ b/cpu/arm_cortexa8/mx6/generic.c @@ -1146,14 +1146,14 @@ int check_and_clean_recovery_flag(void) {   int flag_set = 0;   u32 reg; - reg = readl(SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); + reg = readl(SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR);   flag_set = !!(reg & ANDROID_RECOVERY_BOOT);   /* clean it in case looping infinite here.... */   if (flag_set) {    reg &= ~ANDROID_RECOVERY_BOOT; -  writel(reg, SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); +  writel(reg, SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR);   }   return flag_set; @@ -1168,14 +1168,15 @@ int fastboot_check_and_clean_flag(void) {   int flag_set = 0;   u32 reg; - reg = readl(SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); + + reg = readl(SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR);   flag_set = !!(reg & ANDROID_FASTBOOT_BOOT);   /* clean it in case looping infinite here.... */   if (flag_set) {    reg &= ~ANDROID_FASTBOOT_BOOT; -  writel(reg, SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); +  writel(reg, SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR);   }   return flag_set; diff --git a/include/asm-arm/arch-mx6/mx6.h b/include/asm-arm/arch-mx6/mx6.h index efb90c2..45381e2 100644 --- a/include/asm-arm/arch-mx6/mx6.h +++ b/include/asm-arm/arch-mx6/mx6.h @@ -732,6 +732,8 @@ #define SRC_GPR9  0x40 #define SRC_GPR10  0x44 +#define SNVS_LPGPR              0x68 + /* Get Board ID */ #define board_is_rev(system_rev, rev) (((system_rev & 0x0F00) == rev) ? 1 : 0) #define chip_is_type(system_rev, rev) \ Apply for kernel patch kernel_imx/0001-ENGR00235817-mx6-use-SNVS-LPGPR-register-to-store-bo.patch diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-mx6/system.c b/arch/arm/mach-mx6/system.c index 6d24f22..61649c5 100644 --- a/arch/arm/mach-mx6/system.c +++ b/arch/arm/mach-mx6/system.c @@ -563,7 +563,7 @@ void mxc_clear_mfgmode(void) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MXC_REBOOT_ANDROID_CMD -/* This function will set a bit on SRC_GPR10[7-8] bits to enter +/* This function will set a bit on SNVS_LPGPR[7-8] bits to enter   * special boot mode.  These bits will not clear by watchdog reset, so   * it can be checked by bootloader to choose enter different mode.*/ @@ -574,18 +574,18 @@ void do_switch_recovery(void) {   u32 reg; - reg = __raw_readl(SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); + reg = __raw_readl(MX6Q_SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR);   reg |= ANDROID_RECOVERY_BOOT; - __raw_writel(reg, SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); + __raw_writel(reg, MX6Q_SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR); } void do_switch_fastboot(void) {   u32 reg; - reg = __raw_readl(SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); + reg = __raw_readl(MX6Q_SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR);   reg |= ANDROID_FASTBOOT_BOOT; - __raw_writel(reg, SRC_BASE_ADDR + SRC_GPR10); + __raw_writel(reg, MX6Q_SNVS_BASE_ADDR + SNVS_LPGPR); } #endif diff --git a/arch/arm/plat-mxc/include/mach/mx6.h b/arch/arm/plat-mxc/include/mach/mx6.h index 48b04b1..bb22de0 100644 --- a/arch/arm/plat-mxc/include/mach/mx6.h +++ b/arch/arm/plat-mxc/include/mach/mx6.h @@ -302,6 +302,8 @@ #define SRC_GPR9   0x40 #define SRC_GPR10   0x44 +#define SNVS_LPGPR   0x68 + /* GPC offsets */ #define MXC_GPC_CNTR_OFFSET  0x0
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Starting from $52, the VAR-SOM-MX6 sets the bar for unparalleled design flexibility. The VAR-SOM-MX6 ensures scalable and simplified development, while also extending the product lifecycle. Thanks to four CPU core assembly options, customers can apply a single System on Module in a broad range of applications to achieve short time-to-market for their current innovations, while still accommodating potential R&D directions and marketing opportunities.     VAR-SOM-MX6 CPU: Freescale iMX6 Key features include: Freescale i.MX6 1.2GHz Quad / Dual / Single core Cortex-A9       2GB DDR3, 1GB SLC NAND Flash       Full HD 1080p video encoding/decoding capability       Vivante GPU providing 2D/3D acceleration       Simultaneous multiple display support       Gigabit Ethernet       TI WiLink™ 6.0 single-chip connectivity solution (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth®)       PCI-Express 2.0, S-ATA 3.0       Camera interface       USB 2.0: Host, OTG       Audio In/Out       Dual CAN Bus This versatile solution's -40 to 85°C temperature range and Dual CAN support is ideal for industrial applications, while 1080p video and graphics accelerations make it equally suitable for intensive multimedia applications. The impressive scalability of the VAR-SOM-MX6 satisfies the needs of the most demanding future application requirements whether faster processing power, enhanced algorithms or improved graphics and video performance to name just a few. The VAR-SOM-MX6 is an all-round solution with broad connectivity and sophisticated video and acceleration graphic capabilities, delivering a range of middle to high end assembly options all from the same product. For more details, please see VAR-SOM-MX6 CPU: Freescale iMX6
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Introduction Disk encryption on Android is based on dm-crypt, which is a kernel feature that works at the block device layer. Therefore, it is not usable with YAFFS, which talks directly to a raw nand flash chip, but does work with emmc and similar flash devices which present themselves to the kernel as a block device. The current preferred filesystem to use on these devices is ext4, though that is independent of whether encryption is used or not. [1] Let's encrypt! I will show the whole process first, and then point out the issue I noticed on i.MX6. To use this feature, go to settings and security as below: Encrypted phones need to set the numeric PIN, so click Screen lock to set password: Choose PIN: After setting up PIN code, the Screen lock is showed "Secured with PIN" as below: We can then click Encrypt phone to start: Note the words on this page, it needs start with a charged battery and the charger needs to be on. Click Encrypt phone button and it will ask PIN code setup before: Enter the PIN code and then has the confirmed page: Click Encrypt phone, it will reset framework and starting to encrypt: After running 100%: It then reset the device. When it boots, it will ask you enter the PIN to enter system. Check Setting -> Security again: The status showed Encrypted under Encrypt phone. Errors While Doing Encryption on i.MX6 In the following, I list the error I met and the way to fix. Orig filesystem overlaps crypto footer region.  Cannot encrypt in place It needs to make sure the filesystem doesn't extend into the last 16 Kbytes of the partition where the crypto footer is kept. The encryption in place and get_fs_size() in system/vold/cryptfs.c will check it, so needs to re-make data partition. sudo mke2fs -t ext4 /dev/sde7 1034000 -Ldata The original size is larger than 103400, so I used this value to reserved 16 Kbytes for crypto footer. device-mapper: table: 254:0: crypt: Error creating IV E/Cryptfs ( 2221): Cannot load dm-crypt mapping table. The actual encryption used for the filesystem for first release is 128 AES with CBC and ESSIV:SHA256. The master key is encrypted with 128 bit AES via calls to the openssl library. This is done by enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_SHA256 in kernel. Enable post_fs_data_done Vold sets the property vold.post_fs_data_done to "0", and then sets vold.decrypt to "trigger_post_fs_dat". This causes init.rc to run the post-fs-data commands in init.rc and init..rc. They will create any necessary directories, links, et al, and then set vold.post_fs_data_done to "1". Vold waits until it sees the "1" in that property. Finally, vold sets the property vold.decrypt to "trigger_restart_framework" which causes init.rc to start services in class main again, and also start services in class late_start for the first time since boot. This is done by: diff --git a/imx6/etc/init.rc b/imx6/etc/init.rc index 17cbd4c..f2823f2 100644 --- a/imx6/etc/init.rc +++ b/imx6/etc/init.rc @@ -203,7 +203,7 @@ on post-fs-data      # must uncomment this line, otherwise encrypted filesystems      # won't work.      # Set indication (checked by vold) that we have finished this action -    #setprop vold.post_fs_data_done 1 +    setprop vold.post_fs_data_done 1 Don't unmount data partition when cryptfs_restart After the steps above, it can finish encryption. But I found Android will crash after encryption and reboot. When data partition is encrypted, Android's init to mount /data will fail. The cryptfs.c here to try unmount will fail since the data partition isn't mounted before. diff --git a/cryptfs.c b/cryptfs.c index 052c033..fd05259 100644 --- a/cryptfs.c +++ b/cryptfs.c @@ -694,7 +694,7 @@ int cryptfs_restart(void)      if (! get_orig_mount_parms(DATA_MNT_POINT, fs_type, real_blkdev, &mnt_flags, fs_options)) {          SLOGD("Just got orig mount parms\n"); -        if (! (rc = wait_and_unmount(DATA_MNT_POINT)) ) { +        //if (! (rc = wait_and_unmount(DATA_MNT_POINT)) ) {              /* If that succeeded, then mount the decrypted filesystem */              mount(crypto_blkdev, DATA_MNT_POINT, fs_type, mnt_flags, fs_options); @@ -710,7 +710,7 @@ int cryptfs_restart(void)              /* Give it a few moments to get started */              sleep(1); -        } +        //}      } References: [1]: Notes on the implementation of encryption in Android 3.0 | Android Open Source
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To use Android GDB for native code, take mediaserver as an example. Setup on board. adb push prebuilt/android-arm/gdbserver/gdbserver system/bin/ adb shell ps adb shell /system/bin/gdbserver :5039 --attach <PID> & Setup on host. source build/env.sh adb forward tcp:5039 tcp:5039 gdbclient mediaserver b createPlayer c
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Procrank can be used to check if a process has memory leakage. Procrank will list four types of memory usage. For details refer to: http://elinux.org/Android_Memory_Usage Vss = virtual set size Rss = resident set size Pss = proportional set size Uss = unique set size Uss can be used to check if a process has memory leakage. If the Uss increases when some operations start and stop, this means there could be memory leakage. Procrank can get from: <myandroid>/out/target/product/<product_name>/system/xbin/procrank and also needs to push to the library you target: <myandroid>/out/target/product/< product_name >/system/lib/libpagemap.so
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What is HTML5 Video? HTML5 video is an element for the purpose of playing videos or movies in HTML5 specification. HTML5 video is intended by its creators to become the new standard way to show video on the web without plugins. Video will be shown inside the web page, like flash. HTML5 Video Web Page <video> element example <video src="movie.mp4" poster="movie.jpg" controls> </video> HTML5 video page source example <html>           <head>           </head>            <body>                      <video src=" http://10.192.225.226/movie.mp4 " width="640" height="480"  controls="true">                      </video>            </body> </html> HTML5 Video Rendering Path Performance Data in i.MX6Q with Android ICS With LVDS display, H264@1080p@20Mbps Can reach 30 fps With HDMI 1080p display, H264@1080p@10Mbps Can reach 25 fps HTML5 Video Website Some HTML5 Video website when accessing with android platform www.youtube.com www.iqiyi.com HTML5 reference document SPEC         http://dev.w3.org/html5/spec/single-page.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=feed Wikipedia page        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTML5
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Android Power Debug and Optimization Introduction Android Power Management on i.MX Overview How to do power optimization for Android on i.MX How to check high power consumption on i.MX How to debug suspend/resume problems on i.MX Introduction This document describes i.MX Android power issues debug and power consumption optimization. Android Power Management on i.MX Overview What Power Manager introduced by Android • Early Suspend    It is allow drivers like LCD, keypad backlight, touch-screen, gsensor , to be notified when user-space writes to /sys/power/ request_state to indicate that the user visible sleep state should change. These drivers will act as like Linux stand suspend() to let these devices entry in suspend for better battery life. • Late Resume    Late resume is matching with early suspend. It will resume the devices suspended during early suspend after the Stand Linux resume finished • Wake Locks     Wake locks are used by applications, services, kernel drivers to request CPU resources. A locked wakelock , depending on its type, prevents the system from entering suspend or other low-power states. It as a core member in android power management architecture from framework to kernel What introduced by i.MX to enhance the power framework BusFreq Support High bus, Low power audio bus and Low bus totally 3 system bus working points. Switching between these 3 bus mode according clock flags automatically. DDR running frequency will change according bus mode changing (highest 528/400MHz and lowest at 24MHz for MX6DQ/DL). CPUFreq The CPU frequency scaling device driver allows the clock speed of the CPUs to be changed on the fly. Once the CPU frequency is changed, the GP voltage will be changed to the voltage value. Enhance the default interactive governor for better performance on SDHC/GPU etc. System Power Profile Service and App (just for MX6DQ/DL) Support 3 profiles currently: Normal mode, Power Saving Mode and Performance Mode to get much better balance between performance and power consumption. Profiles can be customized according customers’ HW /MD design, including: CPU running max freq, trigger temperature, CPU running minimal freq, running cpu LDO bypass mode           i.MX6X has built-in LDO module, but also allows you to use external LDO suppliers. SW will provide the configuration using external LDO or internal LDO. How to do power optimization for Android on i.MX Suspend Mode All devices enter in suspend or low power Config GPIO PADs as High Z or input mode (depending on HW design,FSL provide Ref code) Cut off LDOs which no modules need (depending on HW design, FSL provide Ref code) DDR enter in self-refresh mode (FSL done) Config DDR IO Float pin to reduce the DDR IO consumption (FSL done) ARM core entry stop mode (WFI) (FSL done) All PLLs will cut off, just 32KHZ sleep clock living (FSL done) Notify the PMIC entry in standby to save some power (FSL done) User Idle Mode Optimization on device driver for WiFi, 3G, BT, screen brightness modules, etc., to save some power Let some device/GPIOs entry in suspend mode/low power mode Active power saving profile to reduce some system power loading. GPU 2D/3D auto entry in Stop/Standby mode if no activity needs update. (FSL done) Enable CPUFreq reduce ARM CORE power consumption (FSL done) Busfreq scanning to let system work at lower Freq to save power (FSL done) Audio/Video Playback Mode Optimization on device driver for WiFi, 3G, BT, screen brightness modules, etc., to save some power Let some device/GPIOs entry in suspend mode/low power mode Disable HW 3D acceleration for some Apps such as System UI, Music Player, etc., to save some power when System in IDLE or music playing mode. Enable CPUFreq and SOC WAIT mode, decrease CPU Freq/Voltage to save power for ARM CORE when no there is no task need cpu to handle(FSL done) Busfreq scanning will set bus work at low power audio bus mode to save some power (FSL done for audio case) DDR enter in self-refresh mode (FSL done for audio case) Reduce the screen brightness will save some power (for video case) VPU clock auto-gating to save power on SOC domain (for video case, FSL done) GPU 2D/3D auto-gating to save some power on SOC domain (FSL done) Try VDOA+IPU to bypass GPU in video playback(not comment for Android platform, pure Linux environment using this method, for it has some limitation such as the input/output size limit), this can save some power on DDR domain. How to check high power consumption on i.MX Idle Audio/Video Playback high power consumption Check the CPUFreq and  Bus_freq is enabled           cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_governor           cat /sys/devices/platform/imx_busfreq.0/enable Check whether the system bus working poing   For MX6Q:           cat /sys/kernel/debug/clock/osc_clk/pll2_528_bus_main_clk/periph_clk/mmdc_ch0_axi_clk/rate   For MX6DL/SL:           cat /sys/kernel/debug/clock/osc_clk/pll2_528_bus_main_clk/pll2_pfd_400M/periph_clk/mmdc_ch0_axi_clk/rate Check CPU Loading and Interrupt(cat /proc/interrupts) Check clock tree carefully to see which clocks arenot gated off  but no any modules need them.            powerdebug –d  -c SUSPEND MODE high power consumption Make sure all device entries are in suspend mode Make sure the system entry in DSM(measure the voltage &current of VDDARM_CAP, VDDSOC_CAP,DDR_1V5, VDD_HIGH…)      Some tips help to locate the problems Add debug message in device drivers which may lead high power consumption Enable PM debug in kernel Catch the waveform from these modules which may impact the high power consumption Remove devices from the board or do H/W rework to exclude some H/W problems How to debug suspend/resume problems on i.MX System could not entry in suspend mode Check below settings has been disabled: GPS has been disabled Don't connect USB cable to the board (adb will hold a wake lock) RIL will hold a wake lock if RIL failed to initialize (logcat -b radio) Setting->Application->Developer options->stay awake (stay awake not set) Check all wake locks which holed by kernel have been released          echo 15 > /sys/module/wakelock/parameters/debug_mask Check all user wake locks have been releaed          echo 15 > /sys/module/userwakelock/parameters/debug_mask System hang when resume or suspend Enable PM debug system to get more info about PM in kernel     make menuconfig  enable the PM debug sys [*] Power Management support                                                           [*]   Power Management Debug Support                                                           [*]     Verbose Power Management debugging Add no_console_suspend to the boot option for kernel         This makes the system print more useful info before entry in suspend Check the PMIC_STBY_REQ signal. Measure the VDDARM_IN Using Trace32 or ICE to locate the problem. Using RAMCONSOLE to dump the kernel log after reboot. Kernel resume back from suspend  but Android not    This is usually because of the wrong key layout file Use tool to get power key scan code        getevent  Correct the Keylayout         system/usr/keylayout/****.kl Correct the scandcode with your power key report value to Match the POWE key
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Print caller stack may help you to analyze the program and find out the caller stack more easily. You can write your code like this: Java:      Exception e = new Exception();      Log.e(TAG,"xxx",e); C++ file:       #include <utils/Callstack.h>      android::CallStack stack;      stack.update(1,30);      stacn.dump("xxx"); Then you can see the function's caller stack in Android main log file. C file: #include <corkscrew/backtrace.h> #define MAX_DEPTH 31 #define MAX_BACKTRACE_LINE_LENGTH 800 static backtrace_frame_t mStack[MAX_DEPTH]; static size_t mCount; void csupdate(int32_t ignoreDepth, int32_t maxDepth) {     if (maxDepth > MAX_DEPTH) {         maxDepth = MAX_DEPTH;     }     ssize_t count = unwind_backtrace(mStack, ignoreDepth + 1, maxDepth);     mCount = count > 0 ? count : 0; } void csdump(const char* prefix)\ { size_t i = 0;     backtrace_symbol_t symbols[MAX_DEPTH];     get_backtrace_symbols(mStack, mCount, symbols);     for (i = 0; i < mCount; i++) {         char line[MAX_BACKTRACE_LINE_LENGTH];         format_backtrace_line(i, &mStack[i], &symbols[i],                 line, MAX_BACKTRACE_LINE_LENGTH);         ALOGE("%s%s", prefix, line);     }     free_backtrace_symbols(symbols, mCount); } void myFunc() {      csupdate(1, 30);      csdump("myprefix"); } In Android.mk, add libcorkscrew, as below LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := libxxx libyyy libcorkscrew
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