How to change duty cycle using TPM?

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How to change duty cycle using TPM?

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nícolasludwig
Contributor II

Hello everybody.

My board is FRDM-KL27Z and I use Kinetis Design Studio. I'm using the accelerometer (bubble_level_tpm example on KSDK 1.3.0 folder) and the TPM driver example, at the same folder. In short, my project consists to equilibrate a bar using two brushless motors, simulating a drone. This video explains what I'm trying to do: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AN3yxIBAxTA

I get the accelerometer data, calculate the PID control, and then the result of PID is used to send PWM signal to the ESCs, which controls the motors. I'm also using LPTMR to make a sampling time of 5ms.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
// SDK Included Files
#include "board.h"
#include "fsl_lptmr_driver.h"
#include "fsl_tpm_driver.h"
#include "fsl_debug_console.h"
#include "accel.h"
#include "fsl_clock_manager.h"

#define LPTMR_INSTANCE 0U

short int tempoInterrupt = 0;
void lptmr_isr_callback(void)
{
tempoInterrupt = 1;
}

void delay (uint32_t d)
{
uint32_t t;
for (t=0; t < d; t++);
}

int main (void)
{
// ********** VARIÁVEIS PID **********
/* Variáveis de controle do cálculo do PID.*/
float erro = 0; // Variável que recebe o erro.
float erroAnterior = 0; // Variável para a realmientação do erro.
float proporcional = 0;
float integral = 0; // Variável para controle do integrador.
float derivativo = 0; // Variável para controle do derivador.

/* Variáveis de controle para o motor.*/
int PID = 0; // Sentido do Giro do Motor
unsigned int PWM = 0; // Valor do PWM para ser enviado ao motor.

/* Variáveis de controle da posição.*/
int SetPoint = 0; // Valor do SetPoint.
//int posAtual = 0; // Recebera o valor de posicao atual.

/* Valores do controlador e tempo de amostragem.*/
short int tAmost = 5; // Tempo de amostragem que queremos para o nosso sistema em milisegundos.
float KP = 1; // Ganho Porporcional.
float KI = 0; // Ganho Integral.
float KD = 0; // Ganho Derivativo.
float p = 100; // Frequencia de 100 rad/s. Somente passará os 100.


short int ehnegativo = 0;

lptmr_state_t lptmrState;
// Configure LPTMR.
lptmr_user_config_t lptmrUserConfig =
{
.timerMode = kLptmrTimerModeTimeCounter, /*! Use LPTMR in Time Counter mode */
.freeRunningEnable = false, /*! When hit compare value, set counter back to zero */
.prescalerEnable = false, /*! bypass prescaler */
.prescalerClockSource = kClockLptmrSrcLpoClk, /*! use 1kHz Low Power Clock */
.isInterruptEnabled = true
};

// Initialize LPTMR
LPTMR_DRV_Init(LPTMR_INSTANCE, &lptmrState, &lptmrUserConfig);

// Set the timer period for 5 milliseconds
LPTMR_DRV_SetTimerPeriodUs(LPTMR_INSTANCE, 5000);

// Specify the callback function when a LPTMR interrupt occurs
LPTMR_DRV_InstallCallback(LPTMR_INSTANCE, lptmr_isr_callback);


tpm_general_config_t driverInfo;

//*************************************************************
//******************** VARIÁVEIS PARA PWM *********************
tpm_pwm_param_t motor1 = {
.mode = kTpmEdgeAlignedPWM,
.edgeMode = kTpmHighTrue,
.uFrequencyHZ = 50u,
.uDutyCyclePercent = 6.5
};

tpm_pwm_param_t motor2 = {
.mode = kTpmEdgeAlignedPWM,
.edgeMode = kTpmHighTrue,
.uFrequencyHZ = 50u,
.uDutyCyclePercent = 6.5
};

//*************************************************************
//**************** VARIÁVEIS PARA ACELERÔMETRO ****************
accel_dev_t accDev;
accel_dev_interface_t accDevice;
accel_sensor_data_t accelData;
accel_i2c_interface_t i2cInterface;
tpm_pwm_param_t yAxisParams;
tpm_pwm_param_t xAxisParams;
int16_t xData, yData;
int16_t xAngle, yAngle;

// Register callback func for I2C
i2cInterface.i2c_init = I2C_DRV_MasterInit;
i2cInterface.i2c_read = I2C_DRV_MasterReceiveDataBlocking;
i2cInterface.i2c_write = I2C_DRV_MasterSendDataBlocking;

accDev.i2c = &i2cInterface;
accDev.accel = &accDevice;

accDev.slave.baudRate_kbps = BOARD_ACCEL_BAUDRATE;
accDev.slave.address = BOARD_ACCEL_ADDR;
accDev.bus = BOARD_ACCEL_I2C_INSTANCE;


// Enable clock for PORTs, setup board clock source
hardware_init();

//*************************************************************
//************** CONFIGURAÇÕES PARA ACELERÔMETRO **************

// Accel device driver utilizes the OSA, so initialize it.
OSA_Init();

// Initialize the Accel.
accel_init(&accDev);

// Prepare memory for initialization.
memset(&driverInfo, 0, sizeof(driverInfo));

// Init TPM.
TPM_DRV_Init(0, &driverInfo);

// Set clock for TPM.
TPM_DRV_SetClock(0, kTpmClockSourceModuleClk, kTpmDividedBy128);

// Starts PWM.
TPM_DRV_PwmStart(0, &motor1, 0); //pino PTE24
TPM_DRV_PwmStart(0, &motor2, 2); //pino PTA5

// Start counting LPTMR
LPTMR_DRV_Start(LPTMR_INSTANCE);


while(1)
{
if (tempoInterrupt == 1)
{
tempoInterrupt = 0;
// Wait 5 ms in between samples (accelerometer updates at 200Hz).
//OSA_TimeDelay(5);

// Get new accelerometer data.
accDev.accel->accel_read_sensor_data(&accDev, &accelData);

// Get the X and Y data from the sensor data structure.fxos_data
xData = (int16_t) ((accelData.data.accelXMSB << 8) | accelData.data.accelXLSB);
yData = (int16_t) ((accelData.data.accelYMSB << 8) | accelData.data.accelYLSB);

// Convert raw data to angle (normalize to 0-90 degrees). No negative angles.
//xAngle = abs((int16_t)(xData * 0.011));
//yAngle = abs((int16_t)(yData * 0.011));
//xAngle = (int16_t) (xData * 0.011);
//yAngle = (int16_t) (yData * 0.011);

xAngle = (int16_t) (xData * 0.0055);
yAngle = (int16_t) (yData * 0.0055);

//Cálculos PID
erro = yAngle - SetPoint;

if (erro < 0)
ehnegativo = 1;
if ((erro < 0.5) && (erro > -0.5))
erro = 0;

proporcional = KP * erro;
integral = integral + ((KI * (erro + erroAnterior) * (tAmost / 1000)) / 2);
derivativo = (((2 - (p * (tAmost / 1000))) * (derivativo)) + (2 * p * (tAmost / 1000) * KD * erro) - (2 * p * (tAmost / 1000) * KD * erroAnterior) / (2 + (p * (tAmost / 1000))));

PID = proporcional + integral + derivativo;

if (PID < 0)
PID = PID * (-1);

PWM = (5 * PID) / 100;

if (PWM > 10) // 10% = 2ms
PWM = 10;
else if (PWM < 5) // 5% = 1ms
PWM = 5;

if (ehnegativo == 1)
{
motor1.uDutyCyclePercent = 6.5 + PWM;
motor2.uDutyCyclePercent = 6.5 - PWM;
}
else
{
motor1.uDutyCyclePercent = 6.5 - PWM;
motor2.uDutyCyclePercent = 6.5 + PWM; 
}

erroAnterior = erro;
}
}
}

I attached the main.c file to help you.

My problem is, I can't change the duty cycle of the TPM. I start the PWM signal in "TPM_DRV_PwmStart(0, &motor1, 0)" outside the loop (while) and then, inside the loop, I tried to change de duty cycle with "motor1.uDutyCyclePercent = some value" but not worked. I tried also to stop the PWM and start again inside the loop, but still didn't work.

I tried everything, but the duty cycle of the PWM don't change. I tried to create a simple code, without PID calculations, but happened the same issue. The only way to change it is putting a value outside the loop, at the beginning of the code.

How can I change it INSIDE the loop, constantly?

Thanks in advance.

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kerryzhou
NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi Nícolas Ludwig,

   Your SDK code is really very old, please refer to our newest SDK code for FRDM-KL27, you can download it from this link:

   Welcome | MCUXpresso SDK Builder 

   Choose the board as FRDM-KL27, generate the code and download it.

   You can refer to this project:

SDK_2.5.0_FRDM-KL27Z\boards\frdmkl27z\driver_examples\tpm\simple_pwm

  About the TPM duty change, please also refer to the RM:

pastedImage_4.png

Wish it helps you!

If you still have question about it after you use the newest SDK code, please kindly let me know.

Please don't use the old SDK code again

Have a great day,
Kerry

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nícolasludwig
Contributor II

Hello kerryzhou. Thanks for answering!

I updated the SDK and opened the simple pwm project. It works, the duty cycle changes, but under some circumstances.

When I write in every cycle of the loop (while) to change the duty cycle for a SAME duty cycle (my test was always change to 10%), it screw up all the signal. But, when I write the same thing with a delay, like near 1 second, it stays stable, always changing to 10%. With a few noises, but despicables. When I decrease the delay, the signal starts to be bad. It seems that in high frequencies of update, the PWM signal goes very bad.

I attached three images, one the result of the signal updating with delay (the perfect PWM signal), other with some "lines" (that's the one with delay decreased) and other without any delay. Both codes were exactly the same, it only differs from the delay.

So, there's some explanation about this problem? It's normal? There's other way to keep the PWM signal perfect without delays?

Thank you!

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kerryzhou
NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi Nicolas Ludwig,

    Do you mean, you delete the getchar code, then just modify the updatedDutycycle ?

pastedImage_1.png

  Is it right?

  If yes, you can't change it very quickly in the while(1), just as I told you in the previous reply:

pastedImage_4.png

 As you know, the while(1) runs very quickly, If you update the duty cycle in one PWM cycle, your output will have problems, it's totally caused by your code.

I don't know how you want to change the duty, when you want to change the duty, anyway, I think you won't change the duty a lot of time just in one PWM cycle.

You need to give an event to trigger the duty change things, instead of just always changes it in the while(1) directly.

take an example:

while(1)

(

  if(change duty flag==1)

    change the duty;

)

Now, you need to design your app, when you want to set change duty flag, and make sure it won't set just in one PWM cycle.

Wish it helps you!

If you still have question about it after you use the newest SDK code, please kindly let me know.

Please don't use the old SDK code again

Have a great day,
Kerry

 

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nícolasludwig
Contributor II

I think I understood what you said. My PWM frequency is 50Hz, so the PWM period is 20ms. My sample time must be greater than 20ms, right? Seems obvious, but I didn't realize it earlier.

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kerryzhou
NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi Nícolas Ludwig,

   Clever!

   Yes, that's what I want to say, it should be larger than 20ms, if you ware using the PWM period is 20ms.

   Please try it on your side.

Wish it helps you!

If you still have question about it, please kindly let me know.

Have a great day,
Kerry

 

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nícolasludwig
Contributor II

Hi kerryzhou.

It worked. But it works properly without the accelerometer code. When I comment the lines, and sampling the code in a period of 20ms~100ms, it works very well, without noises at the signal. But with all the code working together, the signal gets some noises, including sometimes changing the frequency. It just works well with a sampling time >300ms.

Do you know if have something to do in this case?

Thank you for helping me until now.

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kerryzhou
NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi Nícolas Ludwig,

   Thank you for your updated information.

    From your description, after you combine with the accelerometer code, then your PWM signal get some noises, so the problem still in the code structure side, how did you add your accelerometer code? Whether the accelermometer code will cause the TPM duty change time point smaller than one PWM period?


Have a great day,
Kerry

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nícolasludwig
Contributor II

Hi kerryzhou. Yes, that's what I did, just to test. I know that while(1) runs very quickly, but also I'll need to update duty cycle between 5~10ms, because I'll implement PID control on my project, and I need some sampling time. With this sample time I'm getting problems. The only way to prevent the signal issues is increasing the sampling time?

Thanks for helping me.

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