DMA Destination Offset Confusion

cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 

DMA Destination Offset Confusion

Jump to solution
1,016 Views
eduardoumana
Contributor III

I am trying to implement DMA for receiving I2S channel 0 on a FRDM K22F. I got the I2S working and the I2S0_RDR0 register is updating with data; FIFO Request DMA is enabled. I am trying to store the data in an array 1024 long, each bin with 32 bits. That should be 4096 bytes. Here is my code

     SIM_SCGC6 |= 0x2;                      //DMAMUX Module Turn On   

    SIM_SCGC7 |= 0x2;                       //DMA Module Turn On

    DMAMUX_CHCFG0 = 0x8C;           //I2S Source: Slot 12 & Activate  

  

    DMA_TCD0_CSR &= 0xBF;            //Inactive

    NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA0_IRQn);      //Enable IRQ DMA Channel 0

    DMA_CR = 0x80;                         //Enable Minor Looping 

      

    DMA_TCD0_SADDR = (uint32_t)&I2S0_RDR0;    //Data Source

    DMA_TCD0_DADDR = (uint32_t) BUFFER_A;      //Destination

  

    DMA_TCD0_SOFF = 0;                      //No Source Offset

    DMA_TCD0_SLAST = 0;                    //Nothing Added to Source Address after Major Loop

    DMA_TCD0_DLASTSGA = -4096;     //Value Added to Destination Address after Major Loop

    DMA_TCD0_DOFF = 4;                     //4 Byte Destination Offset

     

    //DMA_TCD0_NBYTES_MLOFFYES = 0x40001004; //DMLOE Set, MLOFF = 4 bytes, NBYTES = 4

  

    DMA_TCD0_NBYTES_MLNO = 4;         //4 Bytes Transfered in each Minor Loop

    DMA_TCD0_BITER_ELINKNO = 1024;   //1024 Bins 

    DMA_TCD0_CITER_ELINKNO = 1024;  //1024 Bins

    DMA_TCD0_ATTR = 0x202;                //32-Bit Transfer Size

    DMA_TCD0_CSR = 0x2;                      //Interrupt Major Iteration

  

    DMA_SERQ = 0x0;                              //Channel 0 Enable

    DMA_TCD0_CSR |= 0x41;                   //Enable!


Right now my code is crashing, I am not sure why but I do think it has to do with the minor loop offset. What is the difference between DOFF and using the NBYTES_MLOFFYES offset?

Tags (3)
1 Solution
558 Views
eduardoumana
Contributor III

The reason why the code crashes is that the compiler can't see the interrupt handler. I added a extern "c" void and now the code runs

extern "C" void DMA0_IRQHandler(){

    pc.printf("something\r\n");

    DMA_CINT = 0;

    //RX_CALL();

    //DMA_TCD0_DADDR = (uint32_t)BUFFER_A; 

    return;

}

View solution in original post

0 Kudos
9 Replies
559 Views
eduardoumana
Contributor III

The reason why the code crashes is that the compiler can't see the interrupt handler. I added a extern "c" void and now the code runs

extern "C" void DMA0_IRQHandler(){

    pc.printf("something\r\n");

    DMA_CINT = 0;

    //RX_CALL();

    //DMA_TCD0_DADDR = (uint32_t)BUFFER_A; 

    return;

}

0 Kudos
558 Views
eduardoumana
Contributor III

Unfortunately no. I have a while(1) loop in main which just reads the DADDR register to make sure it is updating correctly. Right now it seems to be going out of range which makes my code crash. If I use DOFF < 4 the register doesn't update.

40009010 --> 1fff0230

40009010 --> 1fff04dc

40009010 --> 1fff0788

40009010 --> 1fff0a38

40009010 --> 1fff0ce4

40009010 --> 1fff0f90

...CODE CRASHES

    SIM_SCGC6 |= 0x2;               //DMAMUX Module Turn On

    SIM_SCGC7 |= 0x2;               //DMA Module Turn On

    DMAMUX_CHCFG0 = 0x8C;           //I2S Source: Slot 12 & Activate   

   

    DMA_TCD0_CSR &= 0xBF;           //Inactive

    NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA0_IRQn);      //Enable IRQ DMA Channel 0

    //DMA_CR = 0x80;                  //Enable Minor Looping  

       

    DMA_TCD0_SADDR = (uint32_t)&I2S0_RDR0;    //Data Source

    DMA_TCD0_DADDR = (uint32_t) BUFFER_A;     //Destination

   

    DMA_TCD0_SOFF = 0;              //No Source Offset

    DMA_TCD0_SLAST = 0;             //Nothing Added to Source Address after Major Loop

    DMA_TCD0_DLASTSGA = -4096;      //Value Added to Destination Address after Major Loop

    DMA_TCD0_DOFF = 4;              //4 Byte Destination Offset

    DMA_TCD0_NBYTES_MLNO = 4;       //4096 Bytes Transfered in Minor Loop

    DMA_TCD0_BITER_ELINKNO = 1024;  //1024 Bins  

    DMA_TCD0_CITER_ELINKNO = 1024;  //1024 Bins

    DMA_TCD0_ATTR = 0x202;          //32-Bit Transfer Size

    DMA_TCD0_CSR = 0x2;             //Interrupt Major Iteration

   

    DMA_SERQ = 0x0;                 //Channel 0 Enable

    DMA_TCD0_CSR |= 0x41;           //Enable!

0 Kudos
558 Views
egoodii
Senior Contributor III

I think your 'SGA' address-adjustment (at the end-of-loop) needs to be 'one transfer' (4 bytes) less than the total, as the LAST transfer won't increment the value, or 4092.

558 Views
MinkerF
Contributor I

Indeed, There  are some mistakes

  1. the value in the register TCD Minor Byte Count (Minor Loop Disabled) (DMA_TCDn_NBYTES_MLNO) is Minor Byte Transfer Count,not the bytes Transfered in Major Loop

     graph1.png

sorry, just now, i upload the wrong picture!!

0 Kudos
558 Views
eduardoumana
Contributor III

I am aware of that. See my code.

However, MLNO is minor loop disabled, but it is indeed enabled in DMA_CR. NBYTES_MLOFFYES doesn't work either, I tried the commented out code but the MLOFF offset doesn't add to the DADDR register.

0 Kudos
558 Views
Kan_Li
NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi Eduardo,

Is this issue solved? Please kindly let me know if you have any issue.


Have a great day,
Kan

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: If this post answers your question, please click the Correct Answer button. Thank you!
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0 Kudos
558 Views
MinkerF
Contributor I

AS to the difference  between DOFF and using the NBYTES_MLOFFYES offset?

DOFF means the offset added to DADDR after every write to DADDR. But NBYTES_MLOFFYES offset means the offset added to DADDR after every minor loop if enabled.And one minor loop may include many times write.

you can see the example in the RMhttp://cache.freescale.com/files/microcontrollers/doc/ref_manual/K22P121M120SF7RM.pdf?fromsite=zh-Ha... P505

and you will get it.

0 Kudos
558 Views
MinkerF
Contributor I

oh, i get it

if you diable the minor loop remapping,the you shoud config DMA_TCD0_DOFF=4.

Or if you enable the minor loop remapping,then you should config the NBYTES_MLOFFYES

as showed the flowing two:

     SIM_SCGC6 |= 0x2;                      //DMAMUX Module Turn On  

    SIM_SCGC7 |= 0x2;                       //DMA Module Turn On

    DMAMUX_CHCFG0 = 0x8C;           //I2S Source: Slot 12 & Activate 

    DMA_TCD0_CSR &= 0xBF;            //Inactive

    NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA0_IRQn);      //Enable IRQ DMA Channel 0

    //DMA_CR = 0x80;                         //Enable Minor Looping

  

    DMA_TCD0_SADDR = (uint32_t)&I2S0_RDR0;    //Data Source

    DMA_TCD0_DADDR = (uint32_t) BUFFER_A;      //Destination

    DMA_TCD0_SOFF = 0;                      //No Source Offset

    DMA_TCD0_SLAST = 0;                    //Nothing Added to Source Address after Major Loop

    DMA_TCD0_DLASTSGA = -4096;     //Value Added to Destination Address after Major Loop

    DMA_TCD0_DOFF = 4;                     //4 Byte Destination Offset

 

    //DMA_TCD0_NBYTES_MLOFFYES = 0x40001004; //DMLOE Set, MLOFF = 4 bytes, NBYTES = 4

    DMA_TCD0_NBYTES_MLNO = 4;         //4 Bytes Transfered in each Minor Loop

    DMA_TCD0_BITER_ELINKNO = 1024;   //1024 Bins

    DMA_TCD0_CITER_ELINKNO = 1024;  //1024 Bins

    DMA_TCD0_ATTR = 0x202;                //32-Bit Transfer Size

    DMA_TCD0_CSR = 0x2;                      //Interrupt Major Iteration

    DMA_SERQ = 0x0;                              //Channel 0 Enable

    DMA_TCD0_CSR |= 0x41;                   //Enable!

     SIM_SCGC6 |= 0x2;                      //DMAMUX Module Turn On

    SIM_SCGC7 |= 0x2;                       //DMA Module Turn On

    DMAMUX_CHCFG0 = 0x8C;           //I2S Source: Slot 12 & Activate

    DMA_TCD0_CSR &= 0xBF;            //Inactive

    NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA0_IRQn);      //Enable IRQ DMA Channel 0

    DMA_CR = 0x80;                         //Enable Minor Looping

  

    DMA_TCD0_SADDR = (uint32_t)&I2S0_RDR0;    //Data Source

    DMA_TCD0_DADDR = (uint32_t) BUFFER_A;      //Destination

    DMA_TCD0_SOFF = 0;                      //No Source Offset

    DMA_TCD0_SLAST = 0;                    //Nothing Added to Source Address after Major Loop

    DMA_TCD0_DLASTSGA = -4096;     //Value Added to Destination Address after Major Loop

    //DMA_TCD0_DOFF = 4;                     //4 Byte Destination Offset

 

    DMA_TCD0_NBYTES_MLOFFYES = 0x40001004; //DMLOE Set, MLOFF = 4 bytes, NBYTES = 4

    //DMA_TCD0_NBYTES_MLNO = 4;         //4 Bytes Transfered in each Minor Loop

    DMA_TCD0_BITER_ELINKNO = 1024;   //1024 Bins

    DMA_TCD0_CITER_ELINKNO = 1024;  //1024 Bins

    DMA_TCD0_ATTR = 0x202;                //32-Bit Transfer Size

    DMA_TCD0_CSR = 0x2;                      //Interrupt Major Iteration

    DMA_SERQ = 0x0;                              //Channel 0 Enable

    DMA_TCD0_CSR |= 0x41;                   //Enable!

0 Kudos
558 Views
MinkerF
Contributor I

no,MLNO is dosn't mean minor loop disabled!!  it means the remapping upon the minor loop completion!  just like the remapping upon the major loop completion!

gra2.png

as to but the MLOFF offset doesn't add to the DADDR register.this is because,you enable the ninor loop remapping,but you don't set the MLOFF in value.

gra3.png

0 Kudos