AES key session authentication

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AES key session authentication

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Contributor II

I am using msp430f5994 and se050. I want to create a AES key on the smart card.

I first created an AESKey using WriteSymmKey command from se050 APDU specification document. But for session authentication I have to follow global platform authentication steps.

1. Initialize Update command

2. External authenticate command

In initialize update command, I have to send host challenge to the smartcard and the card will create its own card challenge, internal session keys and card cryptogram, and send it back to microcontroller. Now, I have to generate also the same session keys on the microcontroller for comparison.

According to the global platform SCP document, I have to do 3DES encryption technique in ECB mode to generate those keys. I don't know how to implement this.

 

If anyone of you  has some experience in this, I would be really thankful for your help.

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3 Replies

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Contributor II

https://github.com/martinpaljak/GlobalPlatformPro

Martin Paljak has written a pretty good Global Platform library that includes (in the source) the various key expansion/derivation steps necessary to derive a session key set from a static key set. 

https://www.nxp.com/products/security-and-authentication/authentication/edgelock-se050-plug-trust-se...

Also the se050 middleware package has an implementation.  Near as i can tell, api>src>ax_scp.c may be where you want to start.

Re AES key vs SCP - you want to take a look at the SCP03 documentation, not the SCP02 doc.  SCP03 does not use DES for anything and SCP02 does not use AES for anything.

Mike

 

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Contributor II

Thank you so much for your reply.
I have already sent the INITIALIZEUPDATE command to se050 and it gave the following as a response
1. key diversification data

2. key information

3. card challenge

4. card cryptogram

Now, I need to know the following:

1. what static K-ENC key is used by the card to generate the card cryptogram?

2. How can I generate the card cryptogram, session S-ENC key and finally the host cryptogram that will be sent to the se050 in EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE command?

3. I have a C code in code composer studio to send APDUs from msp430 to se050. How can I generate the above mentioned things in C, so that I can formulate the EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATE command?

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NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi @Raza ,

 

The Platform SCP03 keys provisioned in SE050 are as follows:

  • ENC is 35C29245895EA34F6136155F8209D6CD

  • MAC is AF172D5D54F7C0D5C10A05B9F1207F78

  • DEK is A2BC8438BF77015B361A4425F239FA29

and we have provide source code for platform SCP communication in the MW, which contains APIS, for example, SCP_HostLocal_CalculateSessionKeys(), SCP_HostLocal_CalculateHostCryptogram(), and you may find them in the folder of "simw-top\hostlib\hostLib\api\src", in the file of "ax_scp.c", just as mentioned by @msjcard . You may use them as a reference for your own application.

 

Hope that helps,

 

Have a great day,
Kan


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