Have 4 questions to ask
1 S32DS 2.0 S32K144 How to compile Bin files
2 S32DS 2.0 bootloader and App how to set the program's Flash offset address
3 How to burn Bin files into Flash during production
4 What is the difference between the Debug_Flash and Debug_RAM configurations in the example?
2. the program (App) start address you can set in linker script file. Please see bootloader_s32k example:
3. I'm not able answer this question. For small series (tens pieces) you can use debug probe for flashing. For higher amounts you need to find some solution suitable for you.
4. Debug_Flash target - your program is uploaded into Flash memory (512kB). Debug_RAM target - your program is uploaded into RAM (64kB) only.
looks that you have some issue with your j-link probe. As suggested - contact segger's support.
The hello world example ends in exception probably because of your segger j-ling issue. What EVB do you have?