Writing your first Azure RTOS application with MCUXpresso SDK

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Writing your first Azure RTOS application with MCUXpresso SDK

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Writing your first Azure RTOS application with MCUXpresso SDK

1 Introduction

Azure RTOS is an embedded development suite including a small but powerful operating system that provides reliable, ultra-fast performance for resource-constrained devices.

Azure RTOS include 5 components. In project, it is compiled as 5 libs

  • Azure RTOS ThreadX: It is the kernel of Azure RTOS, it provides advanced scheduling.
  • Azure RTOS FileX(LevelX): An embedded FAT file system that offers optional fault tolerant features.
  • Azure RTOS NetX Duo: An IPv4/IPv6 network stack.
  • Azure RTOS GUIX: a complete design environment and run-time to create and maintain 2D graphical user interfaces
  • Azure RTOS USBX: A USB stack that provides host, device and OTG support.

 

2  Basic Threadx Structure

Below picture shows the initialization process of Azure RTOS.

danielchen_0-1635551347069.png

 

2.1 main function

In main function, we can set up the processor, initialize the board. For most applications, the main function simply calls tx_kernel_enter, which is the entry into threadx.

2.2 tx_kernel_enter

This function is the first ThreadX function called during initialization. It is important to note that this routine never returns. The processing of this function is relatively simple. It calls several ThreadX initialization functions, calls the application define function, and then invokes the scheduler.

2.3 Application Definition Function

The tx_application_define function defines all of the initial application threads, queues, semaphores, mutexes, event flags, memory pools, and timers. It is also possible to create and delete system resources from threads during the normal operation of the application. However, all initial application resources are defined here.

When tx_application_define returns, control is transferred to the thread scheduling loop. This marks the end of initialization.

2.4 your thread entry

Every thread is just an infinite loop, that is what your code mainly about.

2.5 important files

tx_api.h : C header file containing all system equates, data structures, and service prototypes. All application files that use ThreadX api should include this header file.

tx_port.h : C header files containing all development-tool and target specific data definitions and structures.

3 Build a ThreadX application

There are four steps required to build a ThreadX application.

  • Include the tx_api.h file in all application files that use ThreadX services or data structures.
  • Create the standard C main function. This function must eventually call tx_kernel_enter to start ThreadX. Application-specific initialization that does not involve ThreadX may be added prior to entering the kernel.
  • Create the tx_application_define function. This is where the initial system resources are created. Examples of system resources include threads, queues, memory pools, event flags groups, mutexes, and semaphores.
  • Compile application source and link with the ThreadX run-time library tx.lib. The resulting image can be downloaded to the target and executed!

4  Simple demo

#include "tx_api.h"

unsigned long my_thread_counter = 0;

TX_THREAD my_thread;

main( )

{

    /* Enter the ThreadX kernel. */

    tx_kernel_enter( );

}

void tx_application_define(void *first_unused_memory)

{

    /* Create my_thread! */

    tx_thread_create(&my_thread, "My Thread",

    my_thread_entry, 0x1234, first_unused_memory, 1024,

    3, 3, TX_NO_TIME_SLICE, TX_AUTO_START);

}

void my_thread_entry(ULONG thread_input)

{

    /* Enter into a forever loop. */

    while(1)

    {

        /* Increment thread counter. */

        my_thread_counter++;

        /* Sleep for 1 tick. */

        tx_thread_sleep(1);

    }

}

 

5  Debug with TAD

The Thread Aware Debugging (TAD) tool is a useful and powerful instrument to debug the Azure RTOS application. With MCUXpresso IDE 11.4.1, we can show the Azure RTOS ThreasX TAD views. We take the evkmimxrt1060_threadx_demo as example.

danielchen_1-1635551721545.png

 

 

Theads view shows the threads in a table, we can see the priority, state, stack usage for each thread.

 danielchen_2-1635551750973.png

Message Queues view shows the message queues in a table

danielchen_3-1635551795050.png

 

Semaphores view shows the semaphores in a table

Suspended means the threads that are suspended and waiting for access to current resource.

danielchen_4-1635551843000.png

 

Mutexes View shows the information about mutexes used inside the application

danielchen_5-1635551883088.png

 

Event flags view shows the event flags in a table. Suspended : threads that are suspended and waiting for access to current resource.

danielchen_6-1635551920231.png

 

 

Reference doc:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/rtos/

 

 

Version history
Revision #:
2 of 2
Last update:
‎10-29-2021 04:59 PM
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