As memory interface data rates increase, so does the need for ensuring proper margins have been designed into the system’s usage of that interface. One way Micron has studied the system’s usage of the memory interface is through Timing & Signal Analysis (TSA). A TSA attaches physical hardware to the memory device to observe a subset of the memory interface as operated by the system. Another approach to memory interface is Virtual TSA (vTSA). This method uses the memory controller’s training algorithms to provide margin information without the use of physical test hardware. This method allows characterization of the entire memory interface. This session will compare and contrast the two different methods, and will ultimately demonstrate the value of integrating vTSA tools on the system platform. We intend to reference actual results from the latest i.MX 8 QXP board.