LS1088ARDB/LS1088ARDB-PB - How to update MC firmware, DPC, and DPL images in QSPI NOR flash

Document created by Swati Gupta Employee on Oct 12, 2018Last modified by Swati Gupta Employee on Mar 14, 2019
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Follow these steps to update the DPAA2 MC firmware, DPC, and DPL images in QSPI NOR flash.

qixis_reset boots the board from QSPI NOR flash0 and qixis_reset altbank boots the board from QSPI NOR flash1.

sf probe 0:1 means that the alternate bank will be written to. So, if the board boots from QSPI NOR flash0 and sf probe 0:1 is entered at the U-Boot prompt, the commands that follow will program QSPI NOR flash1.

 

Obtaining MC firmware

Clone the qoriq-mc-binary repository.

  1. git clone https://github.com/NXP/qoriq-mc-binary.git
  2. $ cd qoriq-mc-binary/ls1088a/
  3. $ git checkout -b <new branch name> <LSDK tag>. For example, $ git checkout -b LSDK-18.09 LSDK-18.09

The prebuilt MC firmware image, mc_10.10.0_ls1088a_20180814.itb, is available at /qoriq-mc-binary/ls1088a/.

Note that the name of the MC firmware image may vary depending on the release version used. 

Obtaining DPC and DPL images

Clone the mc-utils repository and compile the DPC and DPL images.

  1. $ git clone https://source.codeaurora.org/external/qoriq/qoriq-components/mc-utils
  2. $ cd mc-utils
  3. git checkout -b <new branch name> <LSDK tag>. For example, $ git checkout -b LSDK-18.09 LSDK-18.09
  4. If required, make changes to the DPC and DPL files.
  5. $ make -C config/

The compiled dpc.0x1D-0x0D.dtb and dpl-eth.0x1D_0x0D.dtb images are available at /mc-utils/config/ls1088a/RDB/.

Note that the name of the DPC and DPL images may vary depending on the release version used. 

 

Flashing MC firmware, DPC, and DPL images to QSPI NOR flash

  1. Boot LS1088ARDB/LS1088ARDB-PB from QSPI. Ensure that the switches are set to boot the board from QSPI, SW1[1:8] + SW2[1] = 0011_0001_X
  2. Boot from QSPI NOR flash0: => qixis_reset

    For example:

    For LS1088ARDB, in boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:0

    For LS1088ARDB-PB, in boot log, you'll see:

    Board: LS1088ARDB-PB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: A, boot from QSPI:0

The images can be loaded to the LS1088ARDB/LS1088ARDB-PB from a TFTP server or from a mass storage device (SD, USB, or SATA).

 

Option 1: Load image from the TFTP server

 

Set up Ethernet connection

When board boots up, U-Boot prints a list of enabled Ethernet interfaces.

DPMAC1@xgmii, DPMAC2@xgmii, DPMAC3@qsgmii, DPMAC4@qsgmii, DPMAC5@qsgmii, DPMAC6@qsgmii, DPMAC7@qsgmii, DPMAC8@qsgmii, DPMAC9@qsgmii, DPMAC10@qsgmii

  1. Set server IP address to the IP address of the host machine on which you have configured the TFTP server. 

    => setenv serverip <ipaddress1>

  2. Set ethact and ethprime as the ethernet interface connected to the TFTP server.

    See LS1088ARDB/LS1088RDB-PB Ethernet port mapping for the mapping of Ethernet port names appearing on the chassis front panel with the port names in U-Boot and Linux.

    => setenv ethprime <name of interface connected to TFTP server>

    For example:

    => setenv ethprime DPMAC3@qsgmii

    => setenv ethact <name of interface connected to TFTP server>

    For example:

    => setenv ethact DPMAC3@qsgmii

  3. Set IP address of the board. You can set a static IP address or, if the board can connect to a dhcp server, you can use the dhcp command. 

    Static IP address assignment:
    => setenv ipaddr <ipaddress2>
    => setenv netmask <subnet mask>

    Dynamic IP address assignment:
    => dhcp

  4. Save the settings. => saveenv
  5. Check the connection between the board and the TFTP server.

=> ping $serverip

Using DPMAC3@qsgmii device

host 192.168.1.1 is alive

 

Load images from a TFTP server

  1. Program QSPI NOR flash1: sf probe 0:1

  2. Flash MC firmware:
    1. => tftp 0x80000000 mc_10.10.0_ls1088a_20180814.itb
    2. => print filesize
    3. => sf erase 0xa00000 +$filesize && sf write 0x80000000 0xa00000 $filesize

      Address 0xa00000 is the location of MC firmware in QSPI NOR flash. Refer Flash layout for new boot flow with TF-A for the complete flash memory layout.

  3. Flash DPC image:
    1. => tftp 0x80000000 dpc.0x1D-0x0D.dtb
    2. => print filesize 
    3. => sf erase 0xe00000 +$filesize && sf write 0x80000000 0xe00000 $filesize

      Address 0xe00000 is the location of DPC image in QSPI NOR flash. Refer Flash layout for new boot flow with TF-A for the complete flash memory layout.

  4. Flash DPL image:
    1. => tftp 0x80000000 dpl-eth.0x1D_0x0D.dtb
    2. => print filesize 
    3. => sf erase 0xd00000 +$filesize && sf write 0x80000000 0xd00000 $filesize

      Address 0xd00000 is the location of DPL image in QSPI NOR flash. Refer Flash layout for new boot flow with TF-A for the complete flash memory layout.

  5. Boot from QSPI NOR flash1: => qixis_reset altbank

For LS1088ARDB, in boot log, you’ll see:

Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:0

For LS1088ARDB-PB, in boot log, you'll see:

Board: LS1088ARDB-PB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: A, boot from QSPI:0

Ensure that SD card, USB flash drive, or SCSI hard disk installed with LSDK Ubuntu distribution is plugged into the board to boot the board to Ubuntu. If U-Boot does not find LSDK on a mass storage device, it will boot TinyDistro from lsdk_linux_arm64_ tiny.itb stored in QSPI NOR flash.

 

Option 2: Load images from partition on mass storage device (SD, USB, or SATA)

  1. Select mass storage device to use.
    => mmc rescan
    => mmc info

    Or

    => usb start
    => usb info

    Or

    => scsi scan

    => scsi info

  2. Optional – List files on the storage device

    => ls mmc <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls mmc 0:2

    Or

    => ls usb <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls usb 0:1

    Or

    => ls scsi <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls scsi 0:2

  3. Program QSPI NOR flash1=> sf probe 0:1
  4. Flash MC firmware:
    1. Load MC firmware image from the storage device

      => load mmc 0:2 80000000 <mc firmware>

      For example:

      => load mmc 0:2 80000000 mc_10.10.0_ls1088a_20180814.itb

      => print filesize

      Or

      => load usb 0:2 80000000 <image name>

      => print filesize

      Or

      => load scsi 0:2 80000000 <image name>

      => print filesize

       

    2. Program MC firmware image to QSPI NOR flash: => sf erase 0xa00000 +$filesize && sf write 0x80000000 0xa00000 $filesize 

      Address 0xa00000 is the location of MC firmware in QSPI NOR flash.  Refer Flash layout for new boot flow with TF-A for the complete flash memory layout.

  5. Flash DPL image:

    1. Load DPL image from the storage device

      => load mmc 0:2 80000000 <dpl image>

      For example:

      => load mmc 0:2 80000000 dpl-eth.0x1D_0x0D.dtb

      => print filesize

      Or

      => load usb 0:2 80000000 <image name>

      => print filesize

      Or

      => load scsi 0:2 80000000 <image name>

      => print filesize

       

    2. Program DPL image to QSPI NOR flash: => sf erase 0xd00000 +$filesize && sf write 0x80000000 0xd00000 $filesize 

      Address 0xd00000 is the location of DPL image in QSPI NOR flash.  Refer Flash layout for new boot flow with TF-A for the complete flash memory layout.

     

  6. Flash DPC image:

    1. Load DPC image from the storage device

      => load mmc 0:2 80000000 <dpc image>

      For example:

      => load mmc 0:2 80000000 dpc.0x1D-0x0D.dtb

      => print filesize

      Or

      => load usb 0:2 80000000 <image name>

      => print filesize

      Or

      => load scsi 0:2 80000000 <image name>

      => print filesize

       

    2. Program DPC image to QSPI NOR flash: => sf erase 0xe00000 +$filesize && sf write 0x80000000 0xe00000 $filesize

      Address 0xe00000 is the location of DPC image in QSPI NOR flash.  Refer Flash layout for new boot flow with TF-A for the complete flash memory layout.

  7. Boot from QSPI NOR flash1: => qixis_reset altbank

    For LS1088ARDB, in boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:1

    For LS1088ARDB-PB, in boot log, you'll see:

    Board: LS1088ARDB-PB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: A, boot from QSPI:1

    Ensure that SD card, USB flash drive, or SCSI hard disk installed with LSDK Ubuntu distribution is plugged into the board to boot the board to Ubuntu. If U-Boot does not find LSDK on a mass storage device, it will boot TinyDistro from lsdk_linux_arm64_ tiny.itb stored in QSPI NOR flash.

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