New i.MX6SX & i.MX7D AMP debugging tool: imx-m4fwloader

Document created by Marek Novak Employee on May 19, 2017
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Introduction


i.MX6SoloX and i.MX7D SoC contain embedded Cortex-M4 core. In a common use-case, this core runs a firmware loaded by u-boot bootloader. If you however want to debug your application for the Cortex-M4 core, you may need to reload the firmware in the secondary core without restarting Linux running on the Cortex-A core. For this reason, a tool was created: imx-m4fwloader.

 

The project is released as open source under GPL-2.0 licence here: GitHub - NXPmicro/imx-m4fwloader: Tool for loading firmware to M4 core on i.MX6SX and 7D 

I hope this tool will help to bring up faster your application for i.MX6SoloX and i.MX7D SoC!

How to use this

  • Either use the pre-built version
  • Or use the environment provided to you by Yocto:
    • For example:
    • source /opt/poky/1.8/environment-setup-cortexa9hf-vfp-neon-poky-linux-gnueabi
    • $CC m4fwloader.c -o m4fwloader
    • You get m4fwloader binary...
  • Then you need to build your M4 application and link it to some address. (e.g 0x00910000, try: https://github.com/EmbeddedRPC/erpc-imx-demos/tree/master/MCU/example_rpmsg)
  • Load it using m4fwloader: ./m4fwloader myapp.bin 0x00910000
  • Optionally use --verbose parameter to see what is written to each registers
  • Warning: Use this tool for debugging only, since it accesses directly the registers from the user space and requires therefore root priviledges!
  • You have been warned... :-)
  • Optionally, you can trigger an interrupt using message unit (MU) to the M4 core to get RPMsg started - this is normally done by Linux Kernel during startup: ./m4fwloader kick 0
  • Whole usage is here:
    • m4fwloader [filename.bin] [0xLOADADDR] [--verbose] # loads new firmware
    • or: m4fwloader stop # holds the auxiliary core in reset
    • or: m4fwloader start # releases the auxiliary core from reset
    • or: m4fwloader kick [n] # triggers interrupt on RPMsg virtqueue n
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