All Boards Qt v2

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All Boards Qt v2

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All Boards Qt v2

After Nokia acquisition of Trolltech, QT has become an even more interesting framework/tool for UI and graphics development. The new release 4.6 can be obtained under LGPL license and comes with a new integrated IDE for software development (QT Creator) with many demos, some of them using OpenGL.

In order to create an environment to create, simulate and cross-compile, it's needed to build three versions of QT:

Qt/X11, qmake-x11. This is the Qt version that you will be using on your PC. It is also used for building the tools, such as Designer and Linguist.

Qt/QVFb, qmake-qvfb. This is an embedded Qt configuration that runs on host, but works with the virtual framebuffer instead of the actual screen. It let’s you emulate the target system, but run your code on your host machine.

Qt/target, qmake-target. This is the embedded Qt configuration that runs on your target platform. This is what you use to build an actual application running on your embedded device.

On Host you need TO install following package (for Ubuntu distri) to install this QT toolsuit:

[X] libx11-dev 
[X] libpng-dev 
[X] libjpeg-dev 
[X] libxext-dev 
[X] x11proto-xext-dev 
[X] qt3-dev-tools-embedded 
[X] libxtst-dev

Building Qt/X11

Extract downloaded Qt package (from here) and install it by running:

sudo make install

Qt will be installed on /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-version directory.

We also need to build qvfb tool that will provide virtual framebuffer for X11. To build and install it run:

cd tools/qvfb 
sudo make install

qvfb will be installed on /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-version/bin directory.

Building Qt/QVFb

To build Qt/QVFb, will be needed some parameters on configure file. Extract again Qt package on other folder and build as following:

./configure -embedded -qt-gfx-qvfb -qt-kbd-qvfb -qt-mouse-qvfb -prefix /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-qvfb-version 
sudo make install

Used parameters:

-qt-gfx-qvfb, the graphics driver will be for QVFb, i.e., the virtual framebuffer.

-qt-kbd-qvfb, the keyboard input will come from the QVFb.

-qt-mouse-qvfb, the mouse input will come from the QVFb.

-prefix /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-qvfb-version, the prefix is used to separate the QVFb version of embedded Qt from the target version.

Testing QVFb

So far you have two versions of Qt:

1. Qt/X11 built for PC host using X11 and located at /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-version

2. Qt/QVFb built for PC host using Qt virtual framebuffer and located at /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-qvfb-version

Call qvfb from X11 version

cd /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-version/bin 
./qvfb &

A simple virtual framebuffer will open. To change screen configuration and add a skin, click in "file -> configure". The following window will open:


i.e., choose ClamshellPhone and click ok. A cell phone skin will open.

On QVFb version, there are a lot of example applications that can be run using Qt virtual framebuffer.

Let's open fluidlauncher demo:

cd /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-qvfb-version/demos/embedded/fluidlauncher 
./fluidlauncher -qws

The argument -qws is used to inform that the application will run on Qt virtual framebuffer.


Building Qt/Target

To build Qt for target (i.MX), it's necessary to build Ltib with some required packages. In this example, a kernel and rootfs will be built for i.MX51 EVK with the following extra packages.

[x] amd-gpu-bin-mx51 
[x] freetype 
[x] glib2 
[x] gstreamer 
[x] gstreamer-plugins-base 
[x] gstreamer-plugins-good 
[x] gstreamer-plugins-bad 
[x] gstreamer-plugins-ugly 
[x] libxml2 
[x] tslib 
[x] zlib

If you are building for any other i.MX processor, you don't need the "amd-gpu-bin-mx51" option.

After build ltib, make a symbolic link /tftpboot/ltib pointing to your rootfs folder. It's needed to make the i.MX libs and incs available to qmake.

ln -s <rootfs folder dir> /tftpboot/ltib 

Restart nfs server. If using Ubuntu, the command is:

sudo /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server restart 

Extract downloaded Qt package on a new folder.

Export the crosscompiler path. Usually it's located at /opt/freescale/usr/local/gcc-4.1.2-glibc-2.5-nptl-3/arm-none-linux-gnueabi/bin:

export PATH=$PATH:/opt/freescale/usr/local/gcc-4.1.2-glibc-2.5-nptl-3/arm-none-linux-gnueabi/bin 

If you are building Qt for i.MX51

Download the mkspec package and extract the folder linux-mxc-g++ under <Qt source code folder>/mkspecs/qws

Configure, build and install with the following commands:

./configure -embedded arm -xplatform qws/linux-mxc-g++ -release -prefix /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-target-version -qt-gfx-linuxfb -qt-kbd-tty -qt-mouse-tslib -opengl es2 -little-endian -host-little-endian make sudo make install 

For targets without 3D engine support

If you are building Qt for a target that doesn't support OpenGL, i.e., i.MX25, 233:

Download the makespecs_no3D package and extract the folder linux-mxc-g++ under <Qt source code folder>/mkspecs/qws

Configure, build and install with the following commands:

./configure -embedded arm -xplatform qws/linux-mxc-g++ -release -prefix /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-target-version -qt-gfx-linuxfb -qt-kbd-tty -qt-mouse-tslib -little-endian -host-little-endian 
sudo make install

Copy Cross Qt to target's RFS

The crosscompiled version of Qt will be located on your host machine as indicated on -prefix, in this case /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-target-version

Copy Qt-target-version folder to rootfs:

cd /tftpboot/usr/local 
mkdir Trolltech 
cd Trolltech 
cp -a /usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-target-version .

Now it's ready to use. On target, run:

/usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-qvfb-version/demos/embedded/fluidlauncher/fluidlauncher -qws 

See some pictures of the same application running on host and on EVK:




1. To clean all Qt configuration settings:

make confclean 

2. To check the current configuration:

On Qt source code folder, you can open the file config.status to check the current configuration settings.


Hi, you mentioned a mkspec-file for i.MX51 but it is nowhere to be found.

"Download the mkspec package and extract the folder linux-mxc-g++ under <Qt source code folder>/mkspecs/qws"

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Last update:
‎09-10-2020 02:01 AM
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