LS1088ARDB - How to update composite firmware image in QSPI NOR flash

Document created by Swati Gupta Employee on Nov 13, 2018Last modified by Swati Gupta Employee on Nov 29, 2018
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Follow these steps to update the composite firmware image in the QSPI NOR flash.

qixis_reset boots the board from QSPI flash0 and qixis_reset altbank boots the board from QSPI flash1.

sf probe 0:1 means that the alternate bank will be written to. So, if the board boots from flash0 and sf probe 0:1 is entered at the U-Boot prompt, the commands that follow will program flash1.

Obtaining composite firmware image 

LSDK includes pre-built firmware images for the QSPI NOR flash. The LSDK composite firmware includes RCW+PBI, U-Boot/UEFI, PPA, boot loader environment variables, DPAA1 FMan ucode, QE/uQE firmware, Ethernet PHY firmware, DPAA2 MC firmware, DPAA2 DPL, DPAA2 DPC, device tree, and lsdk_linux_<arch>.itb images.

Refer thLayerscape Software Development Kit <version> Documention for the complete flash memory layout of the images.

 On a Linux host machine, download composite firmware image from nxp.com.   

$ wget http://www.nxp.com/lgfiles/sdk/lsdk1809/firmware_<RDB_name>_uboot_qpsiboot.img 

 

For LS1088ARDB: 

$ wget http://www.nxp.com/lgfiles/sdk/lsdk1809/firmware_ls1088ardb_uboot_qpsiboot.img 

Flashing composite firmware images to QSPI NOR flash

  1. Boot LS1088RDB from the QSPI flash. Ensure that the switches are set to boot the board from QSPI. For booting from the QSPI flashSW1[1:8] + SW2[1] = 0011_0001_X
  2. Boot from flash0: => qixis_reset

    In boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: B, boot from QSPI:0

  3. Program alternate bank:  => sf probe 0:1

Composite firmware image can be loaded to the LS1088ARDB from a TFTP server or from a mass storage device (SD, USB, or SATA).

Option 1: Load image from the TFTP server

 

Set up Ethernet connection

When board boots up, U-Boot prints a list of enabled Ethernet interfaces.

DPMAC1@xgmii [PRIME], DPMAC2@xgmii, DPMAC3@qsgmii, DPMAC4@qsgmii, DPMAC5@qsgmii, DPMAC6@qsgmii, DPMAC7@qsgmii, DPMAC8@qsgmii, DPMAC9@qsgmii, DPMAC10@qsgmii

  1. Set server IP address to the IP address of the host machine on which you have configured the TFTP server. 

    => setenv serverip <ipaddress1>

  2. Set IP address of the board. You can set a static IP address or, if the board can connect to a dhcp server, you can use the dhcp command. 

    Static IP address assignment:
    => setenv ipaddr <ipaddress2>
    => setenv netmask <subnet mask>

    Dynamic IP address assignment:
    => dhcp

  3. Set ethact and ethprime as the ethernet interface connected to the TFTP server.

    See LS1088ARDB/LS1088RDB-PB Ethernet port mapping for the mapping of Ethernet port names appearing on the chassis front panel with the port names in U-Boot and Linux.

    => setenv ethprime <name of interface connected to TFTP server>

    For example:

    => setenv ethprime DPMAC3@qsgmii

    => setenv ethact <name of interface connected to TFTP server>

    For example:

    => setenv ethact DPMAC3@qsgmii

  4. Save the settings. => saveenv
  5. Check the connection between the board and the TFTP server.

=> ping $serverip

Using DPMAC3@qsgmii device

host 192.168.1.1 is alive

 

Load U-Boot image from the TFTP server

  1. Flash composite firmware image:

    1. => tftp 0xa0000000 firmware_ls1088ardb_uboot_qpsiboot.img
    2. => print filesize

      filesize=2351db0

  2. Program composite firmware image to the QSPI NOR flash: => sf erase 0x0 +$filesize && sf write 0xa0000000 0x0 $filesize 
  3. Boot from flash1: => qixis_reset altbank

    In boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:1

    Ensure that SD card, USB flash drive, or SCSI hard disk installed with LSDK Ubuntu distribution is plugged into the board to boot the board to Ubuntu. If U-Boot does not find LSDK on a mass storage device, it will boot TinyDistro from lsdk_linux_arm64_ tiny.itb stored in the QSPI NOR flash.

Option 2: Load image from partition on mass storage device (SD, USB, or SATA)

  1. Select mass storage device to use.
    => mmc rescan
    => mmc info

    Or

    => usb start
    => usb info

    Or

    => scsi scan

    => scsi info

  2. Optional – List files on storage device

    => ls mmc <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls mmc 0:2

    Or

    => ls usb <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls usb 0:1

    Or

    => ls scsi <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls scsi 0:2

  3. Load composite firmware image from the storage device

    => load mmc 0:2 a0000000 <image name>

    => print filesize

    For example:

    => load mmc 0:2 a0000000 firmware_ls1088ardb_uboot_qspiboot.img

    => print filesize

    filesize=235bd40

    Or

    => load usb 0:2 a0000000 <image name>

    => print filesize

    Or

    => load scsi 0:2 a0000000 <image name>

    => print filesize

  4. Program image to the QSPI NOR flash: => sf erase 0x0 +$filesize && sf write 0xa0000000 0x0 $filesize

  5.  Boot from flash1: => qixis_reset altbank

    In boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:1

    Ensure that SD card, USB flash drive, or SCSI hard disk installed with LSDK Ubuntu distribution is plugged into the board to boot the board to Ubuntu. If U-Boot does not find LSDK on a mass storage device, it will boot TinyDistro from lsdk_linux_arm64_ tiny.itb stored in the QSPI NOR flash.

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