LS1088ARDB/LS1088ARDB-PB - How to update composite firmware image in QSPI NOR flash

Document created by Swati Gupta Employee on Nov 13, 2018Last modified by Swati Gupta Employee on Jan 31, 2019
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Follow these steps to update the composite firmware image in QSPI NOR flash.

qixis_reset boots the board from QSPI NOR flash0 and qixis_reset altbank boots the board from QSPI NOR flash1.

sf probe 0:1 means that the alternate bank will be written to. So, if the board boots from QSPI NOR flash0 and sf probe 0:1 is entered at the U-Boot prompt, the commands that follow will program QSPI NOR flash1.

Obtaining composite firmware image 

LSDK includes pre-built firmware images for QSPI NOR flash. The LSDK composite firmware includes RCW+PBI, boot loader firmware, DPAA1 FMan ucode, QE/uQE firmware, Ethernet PHY firmware, DPAA2 MC firmware, DPAA2 DPL, DPAA2 DPC, device tree, and lsdk_linux_<arch>.itb images.

Refer thLayerscape Software Development Kit <version> Documention for the complete flash memory layout of the images.

 On a Linux host machine, download composite firmware image from nxp.com.   

$ wget http://www.nxp.com/lgfiles/sdk/lsdk<lsdk_version>/firmware_<RDB_name>_uboot_qspiboot.img 

 

For example:

For LS1088ARDB: 

$ wget http://www.nxp.com/lgfiles/sdk/lsdk1809/firmware_ls1088ardb_uboot_qspiboot.img 

 

For LS1088ARDB-PB: 

$ wget https://www.nxp.com/lgfiles/sdk/lsdk1809/firmware_ls1088ardb_pb_uboot_qspiboot.img

Flashing composite firmware images to QSPI NOR flash

  1. Boot LS1088ARDB/LS1088ARDB-PB from QSPI. Ensure that the switches are set to boot the board from QSPI. For booting from QSPI SW1[1:8] + SW2[1] = 0011_0001_X
  2. Boot from QSPI NOR flash0: => qixis_reset

    For LS1088ARDB, in boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:0

    For LS1088ARDB-PB, in boot log, you'll see:

    Board: LS1088ARDB-PB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: A, boot from QSPI:0

Composite firmware image can be loaded to the LS1088ARDB/LS1088ARDB from a TFTP server or from a mass storage device (SD, USB, or SATA).

Option 1: Load image from the TFTP server

 

Set up Ethernet connection

When board boots up, U-Boot prints a list of enabled Ethernet interfaces.

DPMAC1@xgmii, DPMAC2@xgmii, DPMAC3@qsgmii, DPMAC4@qsgmii, DPMAC5@qsgmii, DPMAC6@qsgmii, DPMAC7@qsgmii, DPMAC8@qsgmii, DPMAC9@qsgmii, DPMAC10@qsgmii

  1. Set server IP address to the IP address of the host machine on which you have configured the TFTP server. 

    => setenv serverip <ipaddress1>

  2. Set ethact and ethprime as the ethernet interface connected to the TFTP server.

    See LS1088ARDB/LS1088RDB-PB Ethernet port mapping for the mapping of Ethernet port names appearing on the chassis front panel with the port names in U-Boot and Linux.

    => setenv ethprime <name of interface connected to TFTP server>

    For example:

    => setenv ethprime DPMAC3@qsgmii

    => setenv ethact <name of interface connected to TFTP server>

    For example:

    => setenv ethact DPMAC3@qsgmii

  3. Set IP address of the board. You can set a static IP address or, if the board can connect to a dhcp server, you can use the dhcp command. 

    Static IP address assignment:
    => setenv ipaddr <ipaddress2>
    => setenv netmask <subnet mask>

    Dynamic IP address assignment:
    => dhcp

  4. Save the settings. => saveenv
  5. Check the connection between the board and the TFTP server.

=> ping $serverip

Using DPMAC3@qsgmii device

host 192.168.1.1 is alive

 

Load U-Boot image from the TFTP server

  1. Program QSPI NOR flash1: => sf probe 0:1
  2. Flash LS1088ARDB or LS1088ARDB-PB composite firmware image:

    • For LS1088ARDB:
      1. => tftp 0xa0000000 firmware_ls1088ardb_uboot_qspiboot.img
      2. => print filesize

        filesize=2351db0

    • For LS1088ARDB-PB:
      1. => tftp 0xa0000000 firmware_ls1088ardb_pb_uboot_qspiboot.img
      2. => print filesize

        filesize=2351db0

  3. Program composite firmware image to QSPI NOR flash: => sf erase 0x0 +$filesize && sf write 0xa0000000 0x0 $filesize 
  4. Boot from QSPI NOR flash1: => qixis_reset altbank

    For LS1088ARDB, in boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:1

    For LS1088ARDB-PB, in boot log, you'll see:

    Board: LS1088ARDB-PB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: A, boot from QSPI:1

    Ensure that SD card, USB flash drive, or SCSI hard disk installed with LSDK Ubuntu distribution is plugged into the board to boot the board to Ubuntu. If U-Boot does not find LSDK on a mass storage device, it will boot TinyDistro from lsdk_linux_arm64_ tiny.itb stored in QSPI NOR flash.

Option 2: Load image from partition on mass storage device (SD, USB, or SATA)

  1. Select mass storage device to use.
    => mmc rescan
    => mmc info

    Or

    => usb start
    => usb info

    Or

    => scsi scan

    => scsi info

  2. Optional – List files on storage device

    => ls mmc <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls mmc 0:2

    Or

    => ls usb <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls usb 0:1

    Or

    => ls scsi <device:partition>

    For example:

    => ls scsi 0:2

  3. Program QSPI NOR flash1: => sf probe 0:1
  4. Load composite firmware image from the storage device

    => load mmc 0:2 a0000000 <image name>

    => print filesize

    For example, for LS1088ARDB:

    => load mmc 0:2 a0000000 firmware_ls1088ardb_uboot_qspiboot.img

    => print filesize

    filesize=235bd40

    For example, for LS1088ARDB-PB:

    => load mmc 0:2 a0000000 firmware_ls1088ardb_pb_uboot_qspiboot.img

    => print filesize

    filesize=2351db0

    Or

    => load usb 0:2 a0000000 <image name>

    => print filesize

    Or

    => load scsi 0:2 a0000000 <image name>

    => print filesize

  5. Program image to QSPI NOR flash: => sf erase 0x0 +$filesize && sf write 0xa0000000 0x0 $filesize

  6.  Boot from QSPI NOR flash1: => qixis_reset altbank

    In boot log, you’ll see:

    For LS1088ARDB, in boot log, you’ll see:

    Board: LS1088A-RDB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: C, boot from QSPI:1

    For LS1088ARDB-PB, in boot log, you'll see:

    Board: LS1088ARDB-PB, Board Arch: V1, Board version: A, boot from QSPI:1

    Ensure that SD card, USB flash drive, or SCSI hard disk installed with LSDK Ubuntu distribution is plugged into the board to boot the board to Ubuntu. If U-Boot does not find LSDK on a mass storage device, it will boot TinyDistro from lsdk_linux_arm64_ tiny.itb stored in QSPI NOR flash.

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