Guide For Creating PN7462 SPIM demo based on NFC reader library

Document created by Kan_Li Employee on Apr 8, 2019
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SPIM module is one of the master interfaces provided by PN7462 , which is a 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0-based NFC microcontroller, and users may use this interface to connect with up to two SPI slave devices.

The NFC reader library provides SPIM driver code in phHal/phhalSPIM, and users may directly use the following APIs in their application to implement simple SPI transaction, just like what is done  in the demo of "PN7462AU_ex_phExHif".

While this demo has limitation with some SPI nor flash devices, which need a write-read operation in one NSS session, for example, the SPI nor flash device on OM27462 as below:

Please note to solder R202 and connect it to 3V3 to make sure nHold pin has pull-up out of POR.

The following is one of the command sets this device supports:

This command contains 1 write(9F) followed by 3 read operations in one NSS session, but if you implement it with phhalSPIM_Transmit() and phhalSPIM_Receive() as below:

status = phhalSPIM_Transmit(PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_SLAVE, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_INIT_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_APPEND_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_INIT, 2, cmd_buf, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_OFFSET); 

 

status = phhalSPIM_Receive(PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_SLAVE, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_INIT_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_INIT, data_length, dst, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_OFFSET);"

 

You will have the following result:

expected:

NSS   \__________________________/

MOSI     CMD A7-A0

MISO                            DATA

 

 

 

actual:                        

NSS   \____________||______________/

MOSI     CMD A7-A0

MISO                           DATA

 

so the pulse between the write and read is the problem, and here we have to handle the NSS line manually, with the help of NSS_VAL and NSS_CONTROL bits in SPIM_CONFIG_REG.

so the code should be like this:

 

Assert NSS

 

status = phhalSPIM_Transmit(PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_SLAVE, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_INIT_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_APPEND_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_INIT, 2, cmd_buf, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_OFFSET); 

 

status = phhalSPIM_Receive(PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_SLAVE, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_INIT_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_INIT, data_length, dst, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_OFFSET);"

 

De-assert NSS

 

The NSS line assert and de-assert function can be implemented with register bit level APIs, just like below:

            PH_REG_SET_BIT(SPIM_CONFIG_REG, NSS_VAL);//de-assert NSS
            PH_REG_SET_BIT(SPIM_CONFIG_REG, NSS_CTRL);

            PH_REG_CLEAR_BIT(SPIM_CONFIG_REG, NSS_VAL);//assert NSS

Please also include the following header files in your application code.

#include "ph_Reg.h"

#include "PN7462AU/PN7462AU_spim.h"

 

Please notice that phhalSPIM_Transmit() and phhalSPIM_Receive() are Rom based function, which clear NSS_CTRL bit by default. We can not change ROM API's behave but fortunately we have phhalSPIM_TransmitContinue() and phhalSPIM_ReceiveContinue() instead. so the final solution will be like below:

 

Assert NSS

 

status = phhalSPIM_TransmitContinue(1, cmd_buf); 

 

status = phhalSPIM_ReceiveContinue(3, dst);

 

De-assert NSS

 

This doesn't mean phhalSPIM_Transmit() and phhalSPIM_Receive() are useless, because they can also help up to configure the SPI master interface, if you don't want to use register bit level API to initial the SPIM module manually. Please note to use 1 byte for write/read length to make these two functions work properly.

 

so the whole pseudo code is like below:

phhalSPIM_Init(PH_HW_SPIM_TIMEOUT) ;
phhalSPIM_Configure(PH_HW_SPIM_SLAVE, PH_HW_SPIM_MSB_FIRST,                 \
                                    PH_HW_SPIM_MODE, PH_HW_SPIM_BAUDRATE,  \
                                    PH_HW_SPIM_NSSPULSE, PH_HW_SPIM_NSSPOL) ;

status = phhalSPIM_Transmit(PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_SLAVE, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_INIT_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_APPEND_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_INIT, 1, cmd_buf, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_OFFSET); 

 

status = phhalSPIM_Receive(PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_SLAVE, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_INIT_CRC, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_INIT, 1, dst, PH_EXHIF_HW_SPIM_CRC_OFFSET);"

 

Assert NSS

 

status = phhalSPIM_TransmitContinue(1, cmd_buf); 

 

status = phhalSPIM_ReceiveContinue(3, dst);

 

De-assert NSS

 

The following steps show how to create a new project based on NFC reader library, please refer to https://www.nxp.com/docs/en/user-guide/UM10883.pdf  on how to import the NFC reader library.

1. Create a new project after importing the NFC reader library.

2. if you installed PN7462 support package, you will see this:

3. add a link to NFC reader lib:

4. add path and enable NFC reader lib in the project:

5. delete cr_startup.c and create the main code as well as the header file:

6. Build result:

7.Debug result:

 

To fetch the ready demo, please submit a private ticket via the guide of How to submit a new question for NXP Support .

 

Hope that helps,

 

Best regards,

Kan

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