What should be the address byte in QSPI for accessing 64 Mega Bytes of flash ?

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What should be the address byte in QSPI for accessing 64 Mega Bytes of flash ?

251 Views
theats
Contributor II

Hello,

We are using 64 MegaBytes of flash.

I have a few questions regarding the accessibility to this flash.

1. What should be the address byte in QSPI for accessing 64 MegaBytes of flash?

2. Can we use 3 bytes address to access the complete 64 Megabytes of flash?

3. What happens if we use 3 bytes address to access the complete 64 Megabytes of flash?

4. Do we need to update LUT with commands for 4 bytes read and write if it is a 4-byte address?

5. If we are doing a quad page program of 256byte what should be the value of the number of write bytes?

       Example: For 128 bytes it is 0x80 then for 256bytes it should be?

6. If we are reading 256byte of data what should be the value of the number of read bytes?              Example: For 128 bytes it is 0x80 then for 256bytes it should be?

 

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3 Replies

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BiyongSUN
NXP Employee
NXP Employee

First of all, as question, which i.MX you are using? i.MX6SX, i.MX8M? etc ...

Second, which version of BSP from NXP  you are using? 

But technically, it is not a question of i.MX Processors community. 

 

QSPI nor flash using simulation of linear address as parallel nor flash. 

Read QSPI nor like read a parallel nor flash. Linux layer, you will find it is using mtd driver as parallel nor does.

QSPI nor uses quit different way to access. The QSPI controller has register to map the address. 

Of course, if really want to separate it. You need to know which mode of QSPI, Individual Flash Mode? Parallel Flash Mode? 

The QSPI nor flash connect to the QSPI controller(here is imx QSPI interface) is a flash supports QSPI mode. not a spi nor flash. this kind of flash need to configure the settings to use it.

Untitled.png

3B, 4B address is for spi nor. 

If you read the linux source, you will find it will switch the address mode 3B/4B by nor flash size. 

Have you ever read the linux source code? 

The code is linux code not i.MX flexspi/qspi/spi controllor code.

Because you questions are very confusing. could not tell what you want to ask? about a QSPI nor or spi nor? questions are contradictory to each other.

rel_imx_4.14.98_2.0.0_ga

linux-imx/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c

linux-imx/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
int spi_nor_scan(struct spi_nor *nor, const char *name,
2709 const struct spi_nor_hwcaps *hwcaps)


2865 nor->addr_width = info->addr_width;
2866 } else if (mtd->size > 0x1000000) {
2867 /* enable 4-byte addressing if the device exceeds 16MiB */
2868 nor->addr_width = 4;
2869 if (JEDEC_MFR(info) == SNOR_MFR_SPANSION ||
2870 info->flags & SPI_NOR_4B_OPCODES)
2871 spi_nor_set_4byte_opcodes(nor, info);
2872 else
2873 set_4byte(nor, info, 1);
2874 } else {

 

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theats
Contributor II

Hello @BiyongSUN,

Thank you for your reply.

I am using imx6ul.

I am not using Linux bsp.

I am using a bare-metal code prepared using SDK_2.2_MCIM6UL.

I am using QSPI-NOR.

I am using Micron flash MT25QL512ABB.

In the datasheet of MT25QL512ABB, I came across the line "The 3-byte address mode can only access 128Mb of memory". And then I got this question whether we can use 3B for accessing 64MB or 1GB flash or not.

As per your reply, I understood that the 3B and 4B are used based upon the flash size and are applicable only in the case of SPI-NOR Flash. 

The 3B and 4B are not applicable in the case of QSPI-NOR Flash. That means I can use 3B and do read, write, program, operations for 64MB/512MB/1GB, or 2GB sized NOR Flash.

Please correct me if my understanding is wrong.

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BiyongSUN
NXP Employee
NXP Employee

If the spi nor flash > 16MB(128Mb), it certainly has command to switch to 4B mode. 

But QSPI can connect to 4 spi nor flash working together. That is to say, you can use up to  64MB under  3B address mode(actually, no such concept under qspi mode). 

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the data sheet says "The 3-byte address mode can only access 128Mb of memory"

128Mb, the b is lowercase. it is bit not Byte. it is  16MB.  

If you can find  4G  spi nor, you can use the 4B address  to access it as a standard spi nor.

But the Soc, here is i.MX6UL, has design to map the 256MB QSPI linear address. 

That is to say is you have a spi nor 512MB, you can use the whole device as a standard spi nor flash. But only can use 256MB(half) for QSPI for this device. 

Because QSPI needs linear address.  QSPI simulates as parallel nor, as sdram-like device.

If you have a SOC, can map  4G for QSPI in the memory map design, you can use the 4G QSPI by this kind of SOC. 

 

 

It supports the dual/quad io protocol for QSPI nor. 

3B/4B is for spi nor. 

Have you carefully read my previous reply?  

MT25QL512ABB datasheet shows it supports QSPI (dual/quad) mode. 

As the previous reply, you need to configure it.

• Supported protocols in both STR and DTR
– Extended I/O protocol
– Dual I/O protocol
– Quad I/O protocol

 

The address region for QSPI  is still   3B/4B spi nor region, If you read the  protocol spec.

The protocol spec is the common, not only for the i.MX. 

The figure shows the 24bit address. 

无标题.png

 

 

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