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Enabling floating point emulation in gcc-arm-none-eabi

Question asked by Gaurav Pathak on Feb 10, 2019
Latest reply on Feb 17, 2019 by ruping liu

I am working on LPC-1768 and using arm-none-eabi-gcc version 6.3.1 20170620 (15:6.3.1+svn253039-1build1)


I have a Makefile with following compiler and linker options:

CFLAGS   = -W -Wall -O0 --std=gnu99 -fgnu89-inline -mcpu=cortex-m3 -mthumb -msoft-float
CFLAGS  += -ffunction-sections -fdata-sections -mfloat-abi=soft -u _printf_float -u _scanf_float
LDFLAGS  = -nostartfiles -specs=rdimon.specs -specs=nano.specs -lc -lrdimon -u _printf_float -u _scanf_float

I have written a code in which I am typecasting float to long int, but the firmware is going into Hardfault Hander.

long var_tempNumber_u32;
double var_floatNumber_f32;
var_tempNumber_u32 = (long)var_floatNumber_f32;

I installed a custom hard-fault handler to get the stack trace and I found out that my firmware is crashing after returning from __aeabi_d2uiz function.

Contents of ARM registers at the time of Hard Fault:

r0: 0x81
r1: 0x43C0r2: 0xC000
r3: 0x1
r12: 0x0000000000
LR: 0xBB1B
PC: 0x884A

The disassembly of the function where LR is pointing is:

0000baf0 <UART_TxFloatNumber>:
    baf0:   b590        push    {r4, r7, lr}
    baf2:   b085        sub sp, #20
    baf4:   af00        add r7, sp, #0
    baf6:   e9c7 0100   strd    r0, r1, [r7]
    bafa:   205a        movs    r0, #90 ; 0x5a
    bafc:   f7fe fcc8   bl  a490 <xMBPortSerialPutByte>
    bb00:   2058        movs    r0, #88 ; 0x58
    bb02:   f7fe fcc5   bl  a490 <xMBPortSerialPutByte>
    bb06:   200d        movs    r0, #13
    bb08:   f7fe fcc2   bl  a490 <xMBPortSerialPutByte>
    bb0c:   200a        movs    r0, #10
    bb0e:   f7fe fcbf   bl  a490 <xMBPortSerialPutByte>
    bb12:   e9d7 0100   ldrd    r0, r1, [r7]
    bb16:   f7fc fce5   bl  84e4 <__aeabi_d2uiz>
    bb1a:   4603        mov r3, r0
    bb1c:   60fb        str r3, [r7, #12]
    bb1e:   21ff        movs    r1, #255    ; 0xff
    bb20:   68f8        ldr r0, [r7, #12]
    bb22:   f7ff ff5d   bl  b9e0 <UART_TxDecimalNumber>
    bb26:   202e        movs    r0, #46 ; 0x2e
    bb28:   f7ff febc   bl  b8a4 <uart3_tx_byte>
    bb2c:   68f8        ldr r0, [r7, #12]
    bb2e:   f7fc f91f   bl  7d70 <__aeabi_ui2d>
    bb32:   4603        mov r3, r0
    bb34:   460c        mov r4, r1
    bb36:   461a        mov r2, r3
    bb38:   4623        mov r3, r4
    bb3a:   e9d7 0100   ldrd    r0, r1, [r7]
    bb3e:   f7fb ff8d   bl  7a5c <__aeabi_dsub>
    bb42:   4603        mov r3, r0
    bb44:   460c        mov r4, r1
    bb46:   e9c7 3400   strd    r3, r4, [r7]
    bb4a:   a30b        add r3, pc, #44 ; (adr r3, bb78 <UART_TxFloatNumber+0x88>)
    bb4c:   e9d3 2300   ldrd    r2, r3, [r3]
    bb50:   e9d7 0100   ldrd    r0, r1, [r7]
    bb54:   f7fc f98c   bl  7e70 <__aeabi_dmul>
    bb58:   4603        mov r3, r0
    bb5a:   460c        mov r4, r1
    bb5c:   4618        mov r0, r3
    bb5e:   4621        mov r1, r4
    bb60:   f7fc fcc0   bl  84e4 <__aeabi_d2uiz>
    bb64:   4603        mov r3, r0
    bb66:   60fb        str r3, [r7, #12]
    bb68:   21ff        movs    r1, #255    ; 0xff
    bb6a:   68f8        ldr r0, [r7, #12]
    bb6c:   f7ff ff38   bl  b9e0 <UART_TxDecimalNumber>
    bb70:   bf00        nop
    bb72:   3714        adds    r7, #20
    bb74:   46bd        mov sp, r7
    bb76:   bd90        pop {r4, r7, pc}
    bb78:   00000000    andeq   r0, r0, r0
    bb7c:   412e8480    smlawbmi    lr, r0, r4, r8

The address in Link Register is pointing to the instruction inside the above function which is after __aeabi_d2uiz library function call. I also tried increasing the .stackarea i.e. stack size of my application firmware without any luck.
I am using a custom linker script and as per this NXP Community Link I have added GROUP(libgcc.a libc.a libm.a) before SECTIONS line in linker script. Please anyone, let me know how to find a possible resolution of this issue.