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LWIP_ASSERT on pbuf_free function

Question asked by biafra on Nov 19, 2018
Latest reply on Nov 21, 2018 by Daniel Chen

Hi everyone,


I'm using MCUXpresso 10.2.1 and a custom board based on MK65F2M0 chip.
I have a problem on using LwIP: it sometimes crash generating an assert, because of some invalid parameter.


The workflow is:

  • The board is configured with a main connection using a GPRS modem and an optional second LAN connection
  • Every about 15 seconds the board connects to a server and sends two types of packets, one smaller and one a little bigger. The bigger one is sended once every 3/4 times typically
  • Most of the time the server closes the connection (if no operation on the device is requested), but sometimes it can go ahead in the session, exchanging some data (if an operation on the device is requested). In this debug session the server closes the connection every time
  • The problem is that after a while (5 minutes mean, but sometimes after 20 minutes), the board generates an assertion on releasing a network buffer, because it seems that is trying to free a buffer already freed


Here is a snippet of code:


   int sock;
   int opt;
   struct sockaddr_in outerdata;
   int rn;


   outerdata.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl( address );
   outerdata.sin_family = AF_INET;
   outerdata.sin_port = htons( port );
   sock = socket( AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0 );


   //set non blocking
   opt = 1;
   ioctl( sock, FIONBIO, &opt );


   connect( sock, ( struct sockaddr * )&outerdata, sizeof( outerdata )))


   //set blocking
   opt = 0;
   ioctl( sock, FIONBIO, &opt );


   send( sock, &data, sizeof( data ), 0 );


   struct timeval tv;
   tv.tv_sec = 2; /* 2 Secs Timeout */
   tv.tv_usec = 0;


   setsockopt( sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVTIMEO, ( const void * )&tv, sizeof( struct timeval ));


   //total timeout: 10 s
   for( i = 0; i < 5; i++ )
      rn = recv( sock, ( void * )&rxdata, sizeof( rxdata ), 0 );
      if(( errno == EAGAIN ) && ( rn < 0 ))
         PRINTF( "WAIT SERVER\n" );
      if( rn < 0 )
         PRINTF( "ERRORE %d ON RECV\n", errno );
      if( rn == 0 )
      goto rx_ok;
   closesocket( sock );
   return( rn );



   //exchange data


The problem occurs only when the bigger packet is sent and the first timeout occurred on the recv function (I can see the "WAIT SERVER" message on the debug monitor only once), but it doesn't occurs all the times these conditions are present.
The assertion occurs on the pbuf_free() function at the instruction LWIP_ASSERT("pbuf_free: p->ref > 0", p->ref > 0);


The image below shows the Wireshark captured session of the smaller packet:


The image below shows the Wireshark captured session of the bigger packet:


The image below shows the Wireshark captured session of the error condition; note that the TCP Retransmission packets are present because the device is stopped on the breakpoint:


I enabled statistics on LwIP and all used resources are below the limits.


How can I debug this situation?


Many thanks