AnsweredAssumed Answered

K10 ADC Calibration

Question asked by phil74 Employee on Nov 25, 2016
Latest reply on Jan 23, 2017 by rasto



We are encountering an issue with the calibration of ADC peripheral (Kinetis MK10DX128VLH5).


Issue Summary:

On some PCBA, we figured out that a cold start (regarding power supply) leads to ADC conversion errors (around 3%)

After investigation, it seems that the issue comes from ADC calibration.

With a hot start, there is no conversion error è Calibration is OK

With a cold start, conversion error is around  3% è Calibration seems to be inaccurate



  • Hot start = VCC is removed and put again while UART is connected to computer
  • Cold start = VCC is removed and put again while UART is not connected to computer



Gain and offset calibration data have been logged and compared.


Hot start :

PG=0x81B1 = 1.013214111



Conversion Result = 3696


Cold start :

PG=0x823E = 1.01751709



Conversion Result = 3814


Error (Conversion Result) = (3814/3696-1)x100 = 3.2%

Ratio (Gain calibration data) = (1.0175/1.0132-1)x100 = 0.42%


Gain calibration data are very close but conversion results are farther. Is it the right calculation ?



  1. VREF peripheral is initialized and enabled
  2. Wait that VREFST flag is set in VREF_SC register
  3. Initialize ADC peripheral
  4. Start ADC calibration


We have noticed that waiting a few time between VREFST is set and start of calibration solves the issue.

So, we wonder if calibration is impacted by VREF peripheral and if it is recommended to wait some time before starting calibration.



Calibration is not done in the conditions mentioned in the reference manual.

Calibration is done with an ADC clock of 10Mhz, no averaging and VCC is rising.


Register Values:



ADC0_CFG1 = 0x00000094 = ADC_CFG1_ADLPC(1) | ADC_CFG1_ADIV(0) | ADC_CFG1_ADLSMP(1) | ADC_CFG1_MODE(1) | ADC_CFG1_ADICLK(0);

ADC0_CFG2 = 0x00000000 = ADC_CFG2_ADLSTS(0);

ADC0_SC2 = 0x00000001 = ADC_SC2_REFSEL(1) | ADC_SC2_ADTRG(0);

ADC0_SC3 = 0x00000000 = ADC_SC3_ADCO(0) | ADC_SC3_AVG(0);


Regarding VREF, there is something strange.

In the reference manual, it’s written:


In the datasheet, tstup is given for a maximum of 100µs.

As you can see it on the following screenshot, VREFST flag takes about 6µs to be set (after VREF startup) and VREF_OUT takes more than tstup (100µs) to be stable.



So, we wonder why VREF_OUT takes more than 100µs to be stable and if it may have a link with our calibration issue.


In the reference manual, it is written that ADC used VREF_OUT as reference and not internal bandgap voltage.


So, if we start ADC calibration just after VREFST is set, VREF_OUT is still not stable and calibration is done with a reference that is not stable.


On some other PCBA, calibration works well whereas VREF_OUT has the same behavior.


Can you help us to understand these issues ?


Thanks in advance,