Hi. We are using the MPX2300DT1. Is anyhting known about the shelf life (limitations)? Is especially the gel coating susceptible to aging? Thanks in advance.
NXP is not able to commit on life time of its pressure sensors, life time which is related to the operating environment and usage of the sensor.
We do not recommend all our sensor to become in direct contact with any kind of liquid substance or corrosive gases which would damage the gel and cause the sensor to become out of specification.
The strain gauge and the electronic circuitry for calibration and compensation are protected by a nitride layer but the aluminum bonding pads which provide electrical connections between the leadframe and the gauge are not protected, in order to make the bonding feasible. The complete die is also protected with a silicone gel. This gel is not fully hermetic, although we use much better gel for our newer types of pressure sensors, water or any other fluid can penetrate the gel and can reach the die.
When the sensor die is in contact with water e.g., oxydoreduction reactions between Al/Al3+ and water start as soon as the sensor is biased. After some working hours, or maybe days, the aluminum pad of the supply pin is definitely destroyed, so that an open circuit on the Vcc pin occurs. This is an aluminum corrosion phenomena. But the corrosion phenomena is stopped when the sensor supply voltage is switched off. There are also some other failure causes like galvanic corrosion, but the Mean Time To Failure (MTTF) due to these other causes much longer than the MTTF caused by electrocorrosion of the Vcc pad. Therefore electrocorrosion is the major failure cause, and they are permanent.
However, as you may know, our products are used in washing machine applications, which would expose the gel to a humid environment. In these applications, the device is located at the top of a measurement tube - so water level is indirectly measured through the water pushing a trapped air column up to the sensor. As you can see, the sensor does not have direct contact with water, but is separated by the air column.
I would like to refer to the following application notes in case they are useful for you:
AN1950: Water Level Monitoring
AN1516: Liquid Level Control Using a Pressure Sensor
We have also an application note about media compatibility:
AN3728: Media Compatibility for IPS PRT Pressure Sensors
I hope this information will be useful for you.
If I misunderstood your question, feel free to let me know. I will be glad to help.
Have a great day.
PS: If my answer helps to solve your question, please mark it as "Correct". Thank you.
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