PCIe xHCI support with IMX6

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PCIe xHCI support with IMX6

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jeromebolduc
Contributor III

Hello,

I am using a Variscite module with the iMX6 Solo (VAR-SOM-SOLO) using their latest Yocto release.

>> Linux var-som-mx6 4.9.11-02300-ga1ac172-dirty #46 SMP PREEMPT Mon Apr 23 16:25:08 EDT 2018 armv7l armv7l armv7l GNU/Linux

We want to capture from USB 3.0 cameras using gstreamer. I enabled xHCI module in kernel and I am able to see our USB 3.0 camera. We are also using a Renesas UPD720202 chipset as a PCIe-2-USB3.0 bridge. The device is well detected on our system and enumerates as a gen2 device. Dump for PCIE:

[ 0.472685] OF: PCI: host bridge /soc/pcie@0x01000000 ranges:
[ 0.472699] OF: PCI: No bus range found for /soc/pcie@0x01000000, using [bus 00-ff]
[ 0.689975] imx6q-pcie 1ffc000.pcie: link up
[ 0.689988] imx6q-pcie 1ffc000.pcie: link up
[ 0.690000] imx6q-pcie 1ffc000.pcie: Link up, Gen2
[ 0.690203] imx6q-pcie 1ffc000.pcie: PCI host bridge to bus 0000:00
[ 0.720570] pcieport 0000:00:00.0: Signaling PME through PCIe PME interrupt
[ 0.720591] pcie_pme 0000:00:00.0:pcie001: service driver pcie_pme loaded
[ 0.720730] aer 0000:00:00.0:pcie002: service driver aer loaded

When using the following pipeline rendering video into fakesink:

>> gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src ! video/x-raw,width=1920,height=1080,framerate=60/1 ! fpsdisplaysink video-sink=fakesink text-overlay=false -v

The result is that I can only get frames from the USB 3.0 camera at about 37 fps. This represents a bandwidth of about 150 MB/s. This result is far lower than PCIe gen2 speed at 5GB/s = 625 MB/s. When removing 20% efficiency for overhead, we should get about 500 MB/s theoretically. I am a bit concerned if I am really working on a gen2 link.

I am wondering what is the actual PCIe bandwidth limit for the iMX6? I have seen all the stuff about putting an external clock if we want to use a gen2 link, but this only stands for PCIe compliance and we should be able to get PCIe gen2 working without this clock generator, right?

Regarding memory bandwidth, I am using the /unit_tests/MMDC/mmdc2 and I am able to get memory utilization. Using the gstreamer pipeline, here is what I get: 

i.MX6DL detected.
MMDC SUM

MMDC new Profiling results:
***********************
Measure time: 548ms
Total cycles count: 217041312
Busy cycles count: 171558534
Read accesses count: 6400933
Write accesses count: 3639669
Read bytes count: 351126122
Write bytes count: 200725584
Avg. Read burst size: 54
Avg. Write burst size: 55
Read: 611.06 MB/s / Write: 349.32 MB/s Total: 960.38 MB/s
Utilization: 40%
Overall Bus Load: 79%
Bytes Access: 54

It seems quite high. If I only monitor the ARM:

MMDC new Profiling results:
***********************
Measure time: 555ms
Total cycles count: 219713502
Busy cycles count: 172663185
Read accesses count: 4262270
Write accesses count: 2752165
Read bytes count: 213796440
Write bytes count: 87786328
Avg. Read burst size: 50
Avg. Write burst size: 31
Read: 367.37 MB/s / Write: 150.85 MB/s Total: 518.22 MB/s
Utilization: 21%
Overall Bus Load: 78%
Bytes Access: 42

It seems like the CPU is handling the packets on PCIe itself. Is there a way to use some kind of DMA access?

Tell me what you think about it.

Regards,

Jérôme

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igorpadykov
NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi Jérôme

pcie performance figures and dma usage can be found on link

i.MX6Q PCIe EP/RC Validation System 

Best regards
igor
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jeromebolduc
Contributor III

Hi Igor,

Thanks for your response.

However, we do not want to use the EP/RC architecture since we are using a PCIe to xHCI bridge, i.e. xhdci_hcd driver. We want to read from USB cameras raw 1080p60 YUV422 data from them and input it to gstreamer on the same board.

We know the Renesas UPD720202 chipset is able to do it since we tried in on another hardware and we were able to stream 1080p60 without problems.

Do you think we might have a bandwidth limitation at the xHCI level?

Thanks,

Jérôme

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jeromebolduc
Contributor III

I also tried to enable Freescale iMX6 PCIe host controller setting and set the :

- PCI Express EP mode in the IMX6 RC/EP interconnection system and the kernel won't boot.

I also tired to enable  Freescale iMX6 PCIe host controller setting and set the :

- PCI Express RC mode in the IMX6 RC/EP interconnection system and the kernel is loading. Using lspci -vv:

I see our Renesas chipset but I do not see our USB camera.

dmesg | grep xhci
[ 2.428881] xhci_hcd 0000:01:00.0: xHCI Host Controller
[ 2.432918] xhci_hcd 0000:01:00.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[ 2.481920] xhci_hcd 0000:01:00.0: Host not halted after 16000 microseconds.
[ 2.487673] xhci_hcd 0000:01:00.0: can't setup: -110
[ 2.491388] xhci_hcd 0000:01:00.0: USB bus 1 deregistered
[ 2.495527] xhci_hcd 0000:01:00.0: init 0000:01:00.0 fail, -110
[ 2.500202] xhci_hcd: probe of 0000:01:00.0 failed with error -110

When I get lsusb dump, I do not see any USB 3.0 root hub devices.

dmesg | grep usb
[ 0.349089] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[ 0.349148] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[ 0.349258] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[ 0.349442] 2000000.aips-bus:usbphy_nop1 supply vcc not found, using dummy regulator
[ 0.349570] 2000000.aips-bus:usbphy_nop2 supply vcc not found, using dummy regulator
[ 2.505201] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[ 2.510011] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb_ehset_test
[ 2.516237] 2184800.usbmisc supply vbus-wakeup not found, using dummy regulator
[ 2.949923] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 2 using ci_hdrc
[ 3.699586] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
[ 3.704171] usbhid: USB HID core driver
[ 3.909148] usb_otg_vbus: disabling

The only way to see our camera, we need to disable these settings in menuconfig.

Any ideas?

 

Regards,

Jérôme

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igorpadykov
NXP TechSupport
NXP TechSupport

Hi Jérôme

one can try dma usage from above link, as it shows x2 improvement.

May be useful memory profile tool

About MMDC Profiling Tool for i.MX6 

Best regards
igor

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