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i.MX Processors Knowledge Base

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[中文翻译版] 见附件   原文链接: https://community.nxp.com/docs/DOC-343823 
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[中文翻译版] 见附件   原文链接: Enable GmSSL which supports OSCCA Algorithm Toolbox on i.MX 
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[中文翻译版] 见附件   原文链接: https://community.nxp.com/docs/DOC-343761 
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i.MX8/8X/8XL在汽车中的应用 • 娱乐导航 • 虚拟仪表 • 电子座舱 • 360环视与ADAS • C-V2X Tbox
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目录 1     硬件资源,文档及工具下载 ... 2 1.1     硬件资源 ... 2 1.2     内存配置测试相关的文档 ... 3 1.3     内存压力测试工具 . 3 1.4     内存配置工具 . 4 2     内存设计要求 ... 4 3     LPDDR4 基础 ... 4 4     硬件连接 ... 6 5     i.MX8QXP/DXP+LPDDR4 内存配置与测试步骤 ... 8 5.1     生成 LPDDR4 初始化脚本 ... 8 5.2     使用内存测试工具测试内存 ... 13 5.3     编译内存测试工具所用的 SCFW 镜像 ... 17 5.4     其它尺寸的 LPDDR4 配置 ... 18 6     i.MX8DX+DDR3L 内存配置 ... 23 7     测试失败的 DEBUG .. 26 8     内存参数应用到 SCFW 中 ... 30
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This doc show how to use i.MX8QXP Display Controller GammaCor unit to tune gamma. HW: i.MX8QXP MEK board, HDMI monitor SW: i.MX Linux 4.14.98_2.2.0 BSP release, patch in this doc 1.Introduce gamma The gamma, gamma correction, gamma encoding, gamma compression , these words all related one kind operation , see wiki page of it: The device used for image capture/print/display follow this power-law. For example the camera captured image , to view this image on display device as good as original captured image : gamma encoding when camera saved sensor data to image file,  and  gamma decoding when that image file display on your PC LCD monitor. That is : 2.  i.MX8QXP Display Controller Gamma Correction Unit The Gamma Correction unit position is located between Frame Gen unit and TCon unit.   More detail see below contents from i.MX8QXP RM: So GammaCor unit could be used as adjust display gamma , or brightness or contrast. To used it, need follow the steps at RM 15.9.2.4.4.8.3.   Something need to note: You need program 33 sample point value into the register, these sample point value range is from 0 to 1023. Note, first write is start sample point value , then the other is delta value: current sample point minus previous sample point value. You can use GammaCor unit on any channel of R/G/B. If you use normalized function f(x), the following formula should be used to clut[i = 0..32] = round( f(i * 32 / 1023) * 1023) 3.  i.MX8QXP Linux device driver patch and test code Apply attached  patch 8qxp_dpu_gammacor_4.14.98_2.2.0.diff on Linux kernel. In the kernel patch, function dpu_gammacor_update, I choose not calculate delta value between each sample pint , let user space application calculate delta value and passed to kernel. Apply 8qxp-dpu-gammacor-modetst.diff on libdrm-imx, to get test application which is based on modetest.  Test app will read one greyscale image file 720P.rgb, put it under same folder of test application , calculate sample point value by pow function   , and calling drmModeCrtcSetGamma to pass related value to kernel,  next loop will change sample point value, and will see that greyscale image will changed on HDMI monitor. After system boot up, run below cmd to check result of test application systemctl stop weston ./gamma_show_rgba.out -P 29@32:1280x720@AB24 Reference: a>https://www.nxp.com/webapp/Download?colCode=IMX8DQXPRM b>https://www.nxp.com/webapp/Download?colCode=L4.14.98_2.2.0_MX8QXP&appType=license c> https://source.codeaurora.org/external/imx/libdrm-imx/ d> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_correction
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Contents 1 创建 i.MX8QXP Linux 4.14.98_ga 板级开发包编译环境 2 1.1 下载板级开发包 ...................................................... 2 1.2 创建yocto编译环境: ................................................ 3 2 Device Tree ............................................................. 15 2.1 恩智浦的device Tree结构 ..................................... 15 2.2 device Tree的由来(no updates) ............................ 18 2.3 device Tree的基础与语法(no updates) ................. 20 2.4 device Tree的代码分析(no updates) .................... 42 3 恩智浦i.MX8XBSP 包文件目录结构 ......................... 75 4 恩智浦i.MX8XBSP的编译(no updates) .................... 77 4.1 需要编译哪些文件 ................................................ 77 4.2 如何编译这些文件 ................................................ 78 4.3 如何链接为目标文件及链接顺序 ........................... 79 4.4 kernel Kconfig ...................................................... 81 5 恩智浦BSP的内核初始化过程(no updates) .............. 81 5.1 初始化的汇编代码 ................................................ 83 5.2 初始化的C代码 ..................................................... 87 5.3 init_machine ....................................................... 100 6 恩智浦BSP的内核定制 ........................................... 103 6.1 DDR修改 ............................................................ 103 6.2 IO管脚配置与Pinctrl驱动 .................................... 105 6.3 新板bringup ........................................................ 120 6.4 更改调试串口 ...................................................... 128 6.5 uSDHC设备定制(eMMC flash,SDcard, SDIOcard) 135 6.6 LVDS LCD 驱动定制 .......................................... 144 6.7 GPIO_Key 驱动定制 .......................................... 147 6.8 GPIO_LED 驱动定制 ......................................... 151 6.9 Fuse nvram驱动 ................................................. 154 6.10 SPI与SPI Slave驱动 ........................................... 155 6.11 USB 3.0 TypeC 改成 USB 3.0 TypeA(未验证) ... 162 6.12 汽车级以太网驱动定制 ....................................... 162 6.13 i.MX8DX MEK支持 ............................................. 180 6.14 NAND Flash支持与烧录 ..................................... 181
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目录 1 i.MX8X 板级开发包镜像结构 ...................................... 3 2 创建 i.MX8QXP Linux 4.19.35 板级开发包编译环境 ... 3 2.1 下载板级开发包 ....................................................... 3 2.2 创建yocto编译环境: ................................................. 4 2.3 独立编译 ............................................................... 10 3 i.MX8X SC firmware ................................................. 16 3.1 SC firmware 目录结构 ........................................... 16 3.2 SC firmware 启动流程 ........................................... 17 3.3 SC firmware定制 ................................................... 17 4 i.MX8X ATF .............................................................. 28 5 FSL Uboot 定制 ........................................................ 30 5.1 FDT支持 ............................................................... 31 5.2 DM(driver model)支持 ........................................... 36 5.3 Uboot目录 结构 ..................................................... 50 5.4 Uboot编译 ............................................................. 52 5.5 Uboot初始化流程 .................................................. 53 5.6 uboot 定制 ............................................................ 63 5.7 uboot debug信息 ................................................... 78
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For early i.MX 8QuadXPlus MEK boards with C0 chips, power on the board when the board is connected to the PC with USB Type-C cable may cause the PC to shut down directly. This is a hardware known issue. another type of TCPC PHY chip will be used in later boards to fix this issue. If you have this kind of i.MX 8QuadXPlus MEK boards with c0 chips already, you can take below way to avoid this issue: 1. change the boot switch to "serial download mode", firstly power on the board, then connect the board to PC with Type-C cable. 2. download the attached files, uncompress this two files and put them in the same folder. 3. open the command window, change the working directory to the one contains the files just downloaded, and execute "uuu uuu_change_DRP_to_DFP.auto-imx8qxpc0mek" on command window. After the command being successfuley executed, the board can be powerwed up when the board is connected to PC with type-C cable.
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This guide is about how to use EVIS to create user nodes and kernels in OpenVX to implement image processing on NPU(i.MX8MP)/GPU(i.MX8QM). Take gaussian filter as an example. It is tested on i.MX8QM and i.MX8MP. User Node Creation from User Kernel 1. Define a user node Register a user kernel by its ID or name For example, #define VX_KERNEL_NAME_GAUSSIAN "com.nxp.extension.gaussian" #define VX_KERNEL_ENUM_GAUSSIAN 100 Get the kernel reference by the ID or name For example, vx_kernel kernel = vxGetKernelByName(context, VX_KERNEL_NAME_GAUSSIAN); vx_kernel kernel = vxGetKernelByEnum(context, VX_KERNEL_ENUM_GAUSSIAN   ); Create a user node vx_node node = vxCreateGenericNode(graph, kernel); Set input/output node parameters For example, vx_status status = vxSetParameterByIndex(node, index++, (vx_reference)in_image); status |= vxSetParameterByIndex(node, index++, (vx_reference)out_image); 2. Create InputValidator/OutputValidator functions for the node The validators are only used for graph verification. For example, static vx_status VX_CALLBACK vxGaussianInputValidator(vx_node node, vx_uint32 index) static vx_status VX_CALLBACK vxGaussianOutputValidator(vx_node node, vx_uint32 index, vx_meta_format metaObj) ToDo: a. InputValidator: Get the reference to the parameter object    vx_parameter paramObj = NULL; vx_image imgObj = NULL; paramObj=vxGetParameterByIndex(node, index); vxQueryParameter(paramObj, VX_PARAMETER_REF, &imgObj, sizeof(vx_image)); Check meta-data restriction vxQueryImage(imgObj, VX_IMAGE_FORMAT, &imgFmt, sizeof(imgFmt)); Check consistency with other parameters if (VX_DF_IMAGE_U8==imgFmt) status = VX_SUCCESS; else status = VX_ERROR_INVALID_VALUE; b. OutputValidator Set the meta_format object with expected meta-data for the output status |= vxSetMetaFormatAttribute(metaObj, VX_IMAGE_FORMAT, &imgFmt, sizeof(imgFmt)); status |= vxSetMetaFormatAttribute(metaObj, VX_IMAGE_WIDTH, &width, sizeof(width)); status |= vxSetMetaFormatAttribute(metaObj, VX_IMAGE_HEIGHT, &height, sizeof(height)); 3. Create Initializer function for the node. The initializer is used to specify workdim, global work size and local work size for the user kernel. These parameters are similiar to that in OpenCL. For example,                                                                                    /* workdim, globel offset, globel scale, local size, globel size */ vx_kernel_execution_parameters_t shaderParam = {2,               {0, 0, 0},        {0, 0, 0},        {0, 0, 0},   {0, 0, 0}}; vx_status VX_CALLBACK vxGaussianInitializer(vx_node nodObj, const vx_reference *paramObj, vx_uint32 paraNum) Set attribute to the node vxSetNodeAttribute(nodObj, VX_NODE_ATTRIBUTE_KERNEL_EXECUTION_PARAMETERS, &shaderParam, sizeof(vx_kernel_execution_parameters_t)); Note: The links below are guides about OpenCL on GPU, which are helpful to understand OpenVX implemented on GPU/NPU. OpenCL Work Item Ids: Global/Group/Local OpenCL Programming Guide OpenCL Resources Introduction to OpenCL 4. Create Deinitializer function for the node (Optional) It is used to de-allocate memory allocated at initializer. User Kernel on NPU/GPU Creation 1. Create description of a user kernel For example, vx_kernel_description_t vxGaussianKernelVXCInfo = { VX_KERNEL_ENUM_GAUSSIAN, VX_KERNEL_NAME_GAUSSIAN, nullptr, vxGaussianKernelParam, (sizeof(vxGaussianKernelParam)/sizeof(vxGaussianKernelParam[0])), vxGaussianValidator, nullptr, nullptr, vxGaussianInitializer, nullptr }; 2. Register the new kernel For example, static vx_kernel_description_t* kernels[] = { &vxGaussianKernelVXCInfo, }; 3. Write kernel source implemented on NPU/GPU For example, char vxcKernelSource[] = { "#include \ \n\ \n\ \n\ __kernel void gaussian\n\ ( \n\ __read_only image2d_t in_image, \n\ __write_only image2d_t out_image \n\ ) \n\ { \n\ int2 coord = (int2)(get_global_id(0), get_global_id(1)); \n\ int2 coord_out = coord; \n\ vxc_uchar16 lineA, lineB, lineC, out;\n\ int2 coord_in1 = coord + (int2)(-1, -1);\n\ VXC_OP4(img_load, lineA, in_image, coord_in1, 0, VXC_MODIFIER(0, 15, 0, VXC_RM_TowardZero, 0));\n\ int2 coord_in2 = coord + (int2)(-1, 0);\n\ VXC_OP4(img_load, lineB, in_image, coord_in2, 0, VXC_MODIFIER(0, 15, 0, VXC_RM_TowardZero, 0));\n\ int2 coord_in3 = coord + (int2)(-1, 1);\n\ VXC_OP4(img_load, lineC, in_image, coord_in3, 0, VXC_MODIFIER(0, 15, 0, VXC_RM_TowardZero, 0));\n\ int info = VXC_MODIFIER_FILTER(0, 13, 0, VXC_FM_Guassian, 0);\n\ VXC_OP4(filter, out, lineA, lineB, lineC, info); ;\n\ VXC_OP4_NoDest(img_store, out_image, coord_out, out, VXC_MODIFIER(0, 13, 0, VXC_RM_TowardZero, 0)); \n\ }\n\ " }; Note: the source is written by EVIS instructions with less latency. But the EVIS instructions are limited. These fucntions defination can be found in  "cl_viv_vx_ext.h" located at "/usr/include/CL/cl_viv_vx_ext.h". Read back the processed data by GPU/NPU to check if the operations are correct. For example, status = vxCopyImagePatch(vx_out_image, &rect, 0, &addressing, data2, VX_READ_ONLY, VX_MEMORY_TYPE_HOST); 4. Build the NPU/GPU source code runtime For example, programObj = vxCreateProgramWithSource(ContextVX, 1, programSrc, &programLen); vxBuildProgram(programObj, "-cl-viv-vx-extension"); 5. Add kernel to the program For example, ... kernelObj = vxAddKernelInProgram(programObj, kernels[i]->name, kernels[i]->enumeration, kernels[i]->numParams, kernels[i]->validate, kernels[i]->initialize, kernels[i]->deinitialize ); ... for(vx_uint32 j=0; j < kernels[i]->numParams; j++) { status = vxAddParameterToKernel(kernelObj, j, kernels[i]->parameters[j].direction, kernels[i]->parameters[j].data_type, kernels[i]->parameters[j].state ); 6. Finalize the kernel creation For example, status = vxFinalizeKernel(kernelObj); Exercise The example is attached. You can build and test it on i.MX8QM or i.MX8MP. Results on i.MX8QM: References: Khronosdotorg/resources.md at master · KhronosGroup/Khronosdotorg · GitHub  Further Reading: OpenVX Vision Image Extension API Introduction - Basic API OpenVX Vision Image Extension API Introduction - DP Dot Products
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www.nxp.com公网资源 .............................................. 2 1.1 www.nxp.com Documentation ................................ 3 1.2 www.nxp.com Tools&Software ............................... 7 2 nxp share point资源(仅对有访问权限客户开放) ....... 14 2.1 i.MX 8X Family Board, Software POR and How to Purchase ...................................................................... 14 2.2 Development Platforms ........................................ 14 2.3 Device Dcoumentation ......................................... 15 2.4 Security Reference Manual .................................. 16 2.5 Software Documentation ...................................... 16 3 nxp 社区资源 ........................................................... 16
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Default Ethernet feature is removed for Android Auto (both Android_Pie9.0 and Android10) Below are the patched to bring Ethernet feature back to Android Auto. Please try to apply the according patches if you want to enable Ethernet. For Android_Pie9.0_Auto(example with car2 build): --- a/arch/arm64/configs/android_car2_defconfig +++b/arch/arm64/configs/android_car2_defconfig @@ -245,7 +245,7 @@ CONFIG_DM_VERITY_FEC=y CONFIG_NETDEVICES=y CONFIG_MACVTAP=m CONFIG_TUN=y -# CONFIG_ETHERNET is not set +CONFIG_ETHERNET=y CONFIG_MDIO_BUS_MUX_MMIOREG=m CONFIG_AT803X_PHY=m CONFIG_MARVELL_PHY=m @@ -517,7 +517,7 @@ CONFIG_SQUASHFS=y CONFIG_SQUASHFS_DECOMP_MULTI=y CONFIG_SQUASHFS_XATTR=y CONFIG_SQUASHFS_LZ4=y -# CONFIG_NETWORK_FILESYSTEMS is not set +CONFIG_NETWORK_FILESYSTEMS=y   --- a/imx8q/mek_8q/mek_8q.mk +++ b/imx8q/mek_8q/mek_8q.mk @@ -46,6 +46,7 @@ PRODUCT_COPY_FILES += \      $(IMX_DEVICE_PATH)/fstab.freescale.car:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/fstab.freescale \      $(IMX_DEVICE_PATH)/early.init_car.cfg:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/early.init.cfg \      $(IMX_DEVICE_PATH)/required_hardware_auto.xml:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/permissions/required_hardware.xml \ +     frameworks/native/data/etc/android.hardware.ethernet.xml:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/permissions/android.hardware.ethernet.xml \      device/fsl/imx8q/init.recovery.freescale.car.rc:root/init.recovery.freescale.rc   For Android10_Auto,(example with car build): --- a/arch/arm64/configs/android_car_defconfig +++ b/arch/arm64/configs/android_car_defconfig @@ -23,6 +23,8 @@ CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP=y CONFIG_SCHED_TUNE=y CONFIG_RELAY=y CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD=y +CONFIG_FEC=y +CONFIG_AT803X_PHY=y # CONFIG_RD_BZIP2 is not set # CONFIG_RD_LZMA is not set # CONFIG_RD_XZ is not set @@ -246,7 +248,6 @@ CONFIG_DM_VERITY=y CONFIG_DM_VERITY_FEC=y CONFIG_NETDEVICES=y CONFIG_TUN=y -# CONFIG_ETHERNET is not set   --- a/imx8q/mek_8q/mek_8q.mk +++ b/imx8q/mek_8q/mek_8q.mk @@ -46,6 +46,7 @@ PRODUCT_COPY_FILES += \      $(IMX_DEVICE_PATH)/fstab.freescale.car:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/fstab.freescale \      $(IMX_DEVICE_PATH)/early.init_car.cfg:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/early.init.cfg \      $(IMX_DEVICE_PATH)/required_hardware_auto.xml:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/permissions/required_hardware.xml \ +     frameworks/native/data/etc/android.hardware.ethernet.xml:$(TARGET_COPY_OUT_VENDOR)/etc/permissions/android.hardware.ethernet.xml \      device/fsl/imx8q/init.recovery.freescale.car.rc:root/init.recovery.freescale.rc   Note: Please also check for below file, if fec1 is disabled, please also apply below diff. --- a/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8qm-mek-car2.dts +++ b/arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/imx8qm-mek-car2.dts @@ -147,10 +147,6 @@ status = "disabled"; }; -&fec1 { - status = "disabled"; -}; - &fec2 { status = "disabled"; };
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Click to view the webinar recording View More Information and Order the Vision Starter Kit
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The i.MX8QuadMax SMARC System On Module integrates Dual Cortex A72 + Quad Cortex A53 Cores, Dual GPU systems, 4K H.265 capable VPU dual failover-ready display controller based i.MX8 QuadMax SoC with on SOM Dual 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet PHY, USB 3.0 hub and IEEE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi & Bluetooth 5.0 module.
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         This document will describe how to add open JDK to i.MX yocto BSP. It will take two versions of Linux BSP as an example, one is the lower version of L4.1.15-2.0.0, the other is the latest version of L4.19.35-1.1.0. Adding openjdk-8 to L4.1.15-2.0.0(Ubuntu 16.04 LTS platform) Before adding an open JDK, you must download L4.1.15-2.0.0 BSP according to the i.MX_Yocto_Project_User's_Guide.pdf , and ensure that it can pass the compilation normally, that is to say, there is no error in the compilation. In this example, BSP is compiled using the following command. # DISTRO=fsl-imx-wayland MACHINE=imx6sxsabresd source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-wayland # bitbake fsl-image-qt5          Then follow the steps below to add openjdk to the yocto layer:   Fetching openjdk-8 from Yocto website # cd ~/imx-release-bsp # cd sources # git clone git://git.yoctoproject.org/meta-java # cd meta-java # git checkout -b krogoth origin/krogoth   [Comment]     Yocto’s version is described in i.MX_Yocto_Project_User's_Guide.pdf 2. Modifying related configurations (1) build-wayland /conf/local.conf Add following lines to the file: # Possible provider: cacao-initial-native and jamvm-initial-native PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-initial-native = "cacao-initial-native" # Possible provider: cacao-native and jamvm-native PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-native = "cacao-native" # Optional since there is only one provider for now PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/javac-native = "ecj-bootstrap-native" IMAGE_INSTALL_append = " openjdk-8" Save it and exit (2) build-wayland /conf/bblayers.conf Add java layer to the file, like below: BBLAYERS = " \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/poky/meta \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/poky/meta-poky \   \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-openembedded/meta-oe \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-openembedded/meta-multimedia \   \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-fsl-arm \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-fsl-arm-extra \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-fsl-demos \   ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-java \ "…… Save it and exit. 3. Build openjdk-8 # cd ~/imx-release-bsp # source setup-environment build-wayland #bitbake openjdk-8 -c fetchall          Fetch all packages related to openjdk-8. [ error handling ]          During downloading packages, you may encounter errors like the following. (1)Fetch fastjar-0.98.tar.gz errors          The error is caused by invalid web address, we can download it from another link, see below: http://savannah.c3sl.ufpr.br/fastjar/fastjar-0.98.tar.gz copy the link to firefox in Ubuntu platform, and it will be downloaded into ~/Downloads # cd ~/imx-release-bsp/downloads # cp ~/Downloads/ fastjar-0.98.tar.gz ./ # touch fastjar-0.98.tar.gz.done   (2)Fetch “classpath-0.93.tar.gz” error          Download it from : http://mirror.nbtelecom.com.br/gnu/classpath/classpath-0.93.tar.gz And copy it to ~/imx-release-bsp/downloads, and create a file named classpath-0.93.tar.gz.done in the directory. # cd ~/imx-release-bsp/downloads # cp ~/Downloads/ classpath-0.93.tar.gz ./ # touch classpath-0.93.tar.gz.done (3) 8 files with tar.bz2 (hotspot-Java jvm)          These similar errors are very likely to be encountered.          These errors are caused by the bad network environment. You can download these packages manually. These are Java virtual machine source packages, i.e. hotspot JVM [Solution] # mkdir ~/temp # cd temp # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/56b133772ec1.tar.bz2 # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/ac29c9c1193a.tar.bz2 # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/1f032000ff4b.tar.bz2 # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/81f2d81a48d7.tar.bz2 # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/0549bf2f507d.tar.bz2 # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/0948e61a3722.tar.bz2 # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/48c99b423839.tar.bz2 # wget http://www.multitech.net/mlinux/sources/bf0932d3e0f8.tar.bz2          Then create .tar.bz2.done files for each package via touch command   # touch 56b133772ec1.tar.bz2.done # touch ac29c9c1193a.tar.bz2.done # touch 1f032000ff4b.tar.bz2.done # touch 81f2d81a48d7.tar.bz2.done # touch 0549bf2f507d.tar.bz2.done # touch 0948e61a3722.tar.bz2.done # touch 48c99b423839.tar.bz2.done # touch bf0932d3e0f8.tar.bz2.done          Like below:          Then copy these files to ~/ fsl-release-bsp/downloads/ # bitbake openjdk-8 -c compile          After openjdk compilation, you will be prompted as follows:          At last , install openjdk-8 to images # bitbake fsl-image-qt5          Done: [Additional description]          The above method of adding openjdk-8 is the steps after BSP compilation. Users can also add openjdk-8 before BSP compilation, and then compile it with BSP          According to steps in i.MX_Yocto_Project_User's_Guide.pdf, After running the following two commands, users can modify bblayers.conf and local.conf directly.          For example, steps below have been validated: … … # repo sync # cd ~/fsl-release-bsp # DISTRO=fsl-imx-x11 MACHINE=imx6qsabresd source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-x11 # gedit ./conf/bblayers.conf          Add the same contents as above. # gedit ./conf/local.conf          Add the same contents as above. # bitbake fsl-image-gui          During compilation, users may encounter some errors, which can be handled by referring to the methods described above Adding openjdk-8 to L4.19.35-1.1.0(Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Platform) In fact, the steps to add openjdk-8 to l4.19.35 are the same as those described above, and the following steps have been verified. Before adding openjdk-8, i.mx8qxp full image has been compiled with 2 commands below, so we only need to add openjdk-8 here. # DISTRO=fsl-imx-xwayland MACHINE=imx8qxpmek source fsl-setup-release.sh -b build-xwayland # bitbake imx-image-full # cd sources # git clone git://git.yoctoproject.org/meta-java # cd meta-java # git checkout -b warrior origin/warrior          Release L4.19.35_1.1.0 is released for Yocto Project 2.7 (Warrior). # cd ~/imx-release-bsp-l4.19.35 # source setup-environment build-xwayland-imx8qxpmek # gedit ./conf/bblayers.conf          Add meta-java to it.          ……            ${BSPDIR}/sources/meta-java \          ……          Save and exit. # gedit ./conf/local.conf          Add these lines to it.          # Possible provider: cacao-initial-native and jamvm-initial-native PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-initial-native = "cacao-initial-native" # Possible provider: cacao-native and jamvm-native PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/java-native = "cacao-native" # Optional since there is only one provider for now PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/javac-native = "ecj-bootstrap-native" IMAGE_INSTALL_append = " openjdk-8" Save and exit.   # cd ~/imx-release-bsp-l4.19.35/build-xwayland-imx8qxpmek # bitbake openjdk-8 -c fetch # bitbake openjdk-8 -c compile [Errors] [Solution] # gedit ./ tmp/work/x86_64-linux/openjdk-8-native/172b11-r0/jdk8u-33d274a7dda0/hotspot/make/linux/Makefile Comment the following lines: ----------------------------------------- check_os_version: #ifeq ($(DISABLE_HOTSPOT_OS_VERSION_CHECK)$(EMPTY_IF_NOT_SUPPORTED),) #       $(QUIETLY) >&2 echo "*** This OS is not supported:" `uname -a`; exit 1; #endif -----------------------------------------          Then continue # cd ~/imx-release-bsp-l4.19.35/build-xwayland-imx8qxpmek # bitbake openjdk-8 -c compile [comment]          Probably similar errors will be encountered during compiling other packages, we can use the same way like above to solve it , see bellow, please! Done:          At last, install openjdk-8 to images. # bitbake imx-image-full          Installation is done. NXP TIC Team  Weidong Sun 12/31/2019
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This doc show: on i.MX8QXP MEK board, configure ov5640 sensor(parallel interface) output 5MP(2592x1944) RAW(Bayer) data at 15fps, and Parallel Capture Subsystem and Image Sensor Interface capture RAW RGB data, and i.MX8QXP GPU debayer RAW data then display image. HW: i.MX8QXP MEK board, MEK base board (to place the parallel camera), ov5640 sensor. SW: Linux 4.14.98_2.0.0 BSP, and patches in this doc.   Configure at camera sensor side A Bayer filter is a color filter array (CFA) for arranging RGB color filters on a square grid of photosensors. The filter pattern is 50% green, 25% red and 25% blue, hence is also called BGGR, RGBG ,GRGB, or RGGB. The ov5640 has an image array capable of operating at up to 15 fps in 5 megapixel (2592x1944) resolution. OV5640 support output formats: RAW(Bayer), RGB565/555/444,CCIR656, YUV422/420, YCbCr422, and compression. To make ov5640 ou t put 5MP RAW data at 15fps, check my kernel patch imx8-ov5640-raw-capture-driver-4.14.98_2.0.0.diff which apply on i.MX Linux 4.14.98_2.0.0 BSP kernel code. Parallel interface ov5640, use ov5640_raw_setting[] array of drivers/media/platform/imx8/ov5640_v3.c. This register setting is come from ov5640 software application note and data sheet. Configure at i.MX8QXP side The Parallel Capture Subsystem consists of the Parallel Capture Interface (BT 656) and associated peripherals. It interfaces to the Parallel CSI sensor. This allows for up to 24 RGB data bits in parallel or for RGB components on consecutive clocks (up to 10-bit color depth). The formats supported are RGB, RAW and YUV 422. Below is Parallel Capture Subsystem diagram: For RAW format data, CSI_CTRL_REG of Parallel Capture Subsystem need configured as my patch, otherwise found cannot get correct data.   The multiple input sources (MIPI CSI, Parallel Capture) captures the pixel data and feeds it to the ISI. The ISI is responsible for capturing and pre-processing the pixel data from multiple input sources and storing them into the memory. Below is ISI diagram: For RAW format data, it should be bypass any processing pipeline of ISI, just use ISI to save it to memory.   Capture test code To capture the RAW data and save it to file, check my patch imx8_ov5640_raw_captupre_test_4.14.98_2.0.0_ga.diff which apply on i.MX Linux 4.14.98_2.0.0 BSP unit test code. Note the usage is: ./imx8_cap.out -of -cam 1 -fr 15 -fmt BA81 -ow 2592 -oh 1944 -num 100   Display RAW data The RAW data cannot be displayed directly, debayer process is needed to get complete red, green, blue color for each pixel. The debayer process if run on CPU, will cost much CPU time. To save CPU time, debayer could done by GPU. The method is, captured RAW data upload to GPU as texture , then GPU will do the debayer, then full color of each pixel will be got, then display it. To upload RAW camera data to GPU with zero memory copy, i will use i.MX8QXP GPU extension GL_VIV_direct_texture. It create a texture with direct access support. API glTexDirectVIVMap,  which support mapping a user space memory or a physical address into the texture surface. The API glTexDirectVIVMap need logic and physical address of data buffer, so i will allocate data buffer from g2d lib, it is dma-buffer also get logic/physical address of buffer, then queue it as DMABUF to v4l2 capture driver, after dequeue got RAW camera data, pass it to GPU for debayer. GPU side, I will use OpenGL shader code from "Efficient, High-Quality Bayer Demosaic Filtering on GPUs". Check my patch imx8_debayer-gpusdk-5.3.0.diff which apply on i.MX GPU SDK 5.3.0 code. Note, here i only do is debayer, no extra process.   Known issue One thing is ov5640 output 5MP at 15fps, compare with output 5MP at 5fps, there are more noise of camera data at 15fps case. My debug found is, this noise seems come from ov5640 itself.   Reference: a>https://www.nxp.com/webapp/Download?colCode=IMX8DQXPRM b>https://www.nxp.com/webapp/Download?colCode=L4.14.98_2.0.0_MX8QXP&appType=license c>https://github.com/NXPmicro/gtec-demo-framework d>ov5640 data sheet e>ov5640 software application note f>Efficient, High-Quality Bayer Demosaic Filtering on GPUs https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Efficient%2C-High-Quality-Bayer-Demosaic-Filtering-on-McGuire/088a2f47b7ab99c78d41623bdfaf4acdb02358fb
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platform: imx8qxp c0 mek OS: yocto 4.19.35_1.1.0 hardware connection: imx8qxp lvds0 => dummy panel ,  lvds1 => it6263 => display On imx8qxp there are one DPU(display process unit) and one ISI(image subsystem interface), ISI supports input from dpu. dpu block diagram: note that only dsi0 and lvds0 can be used for loopback. and this patch only test the lvds0, since lvds support dummy panel.   Please see the readme in the attchment for how to enale this feature.
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Platform: i.mx8qm/qxp OS: imx-yocto-L4.14.98_2.0.0_ga Camera: max9286 deserializer <=> max96705 serializer  + ar0144 or: max9286 deserializer <=>  max96705 serializer  + ov9284 Note that currently only one camera is support and the  serializer should be connected to the IN0 of max9286. Data format: ar0144: mono raw 12bit. ov9284: mono raw 10bit. On imx8qm/qxp the data will be recieved as raw 16bit and the valid data bit start from bit[13] to LSB. for mono raw 12bit the valid data bit is 0bxxdd_dddd_dddd_ddxx for mono raw 10bit the valid data bit is 0bxxdd_dddd_dddd_xxxx max9286 and max96705 configuration: dbl bws PXL_CRC/edc hven hibw lccen him should be the same on both sides, this can be achieved by pin or register configurations. The crossbar function of max96705 can be used to fix the reversed data bit. for example, reversed  12bit with dbl to 1. 0x20 0xb 0x21 0xa 0x22 0x9 ....... 0x2b 0x0 0x30 0xb 0x31 0xa .... 0x3b 0x0 0x20 to 0x2b and 0x30 to 0x3b are the registers of max96705. Patch apply: 1. push the kernel-patch to the kernel source and apply it. 2. reconfig the kernel setting, make sure there is only CONFIG_MAX9286_AR0144 or        CONFIG_MAX9286_WISSEN(ov9284) enabled, all other max9286 related are disabled. You can run menuconfig to achieve this. 3. For testing copy the vulkan-v4l2.tar to the board, and run vulkan-v4l2.     the source code is at https://github.com/sheeaza/vulkan-v4l2 branch ar0144 for ar0144, branch ov9284 for ov9284. =========== updated patch for data format.
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